Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 11191–11211 | Cite as

Idolization and ramification between globalization and ecological footprints: evidence from quantile-on-quantile approach

  • Arshian SharifEmail author
  • Sahar Afshan
  • Muhammad Asif Qureshi
Research Article


Globalization persists the tendency to alter numerous aspects of today’s world including religion, transport, language, living styles, and international relations; however, its potential to influence quality of environment is the prime concern for trade and environmental policies guidelines (Audi and Ali 2018). In response to the growing interest for identifying the dynamic relationship between globalization and environmental performance, the present study seeks to investigate the critical link between globalization and ecological footprints in top 15 globalized countries between 1970 and 2016. Applying the novel methods of quantile-on-quantile regression (QQ) and Granger causality in quantiles, the findings examine the manners in which quantiles of globalization affect the quantiles of ecological footprints and vice versa. The empirical results suggest that globalization has a long-term positive effect on ecological footprint and vice versa in case of Belgium, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway, Canada, and Portugal. On the other hand, the estimated results indicate a negative effect between globalization and ecological footprint in the case of France, Germany, the UK, and Hungary. These results extend the recent findings on the globalization–environment nexus implying that the magnitude of relationship among both variables varies with countries demanding individual focus and cautions for postulating environmental and trade policies.


Globalization Ecological footprints Quantile-on-quantile approach Granger causality in quantiles 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of BusinessUniversiti Utara MalaysiaSintokMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Economics, Finance & Banking, College of BusinessUniversiti Utara MalaysiaSintokMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Management SciencesEman Institute of Management and SciencesKarachiPakistan
  4. 4.School of Business and Management, College of BusinessUniversiti Utara MalaysiaSintokMalaysia

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