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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 8266–8279 | Cite as

Habitat selection of wintering cranes (Gruidae) in typical lake wetland in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China

  • Cheng Wang
  • Bin DongEmail author
  • Ming Zhu
  • Hui Huang
  • Yu-huang Cui
  • Xiang Gao
  • Li-ping Liu
Research Article

Abstract

Shengjin Lake is a typical lake wetland in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. It is one of the most important wetlands in the world. It is also an important habitat for wintering cranes in China. Environmental factors play an important role in habitat selection of cranes of wetland ecosystem. In this paper, we analyzed land-use types and the four kinds of winter cranes in the Shengjin Lake from the years 1986 to 2015. Also, we adopted grey relational analysis and power function model to analyze the relevance between crane population and land-use types, and the main habitat types of cranes were obtained. We used principal component analysis method to analyze the main influence factor for habitat selection of crane. The results indicated that the main habitat type of four species of overwintering crane was reed-flat; the main factors affecting the habitat selection of cranes were water level, planktonic biomass, and distance to settlement. Among them, the weight of water level factor was the highest, which showed that water level was the most important factor affecting the habitat selection of cranes, followed by planktonic biomass, and the third was the weight of distance to settlement. The average values of them were 0.37 m, 9.47 mg L−1, and 1.25 km, respectively.

Keywords

Habitat selection Cranes PCA GRA Shengjin Lake wetland 

Notes

Funding information

This paper was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571101) the project of LUCC in Anhui Province (2011-k-23; 2012-k-24; 2013-k-09), the fund project of Anhui Agricultural University (wd2011-07; yj2012-03), and the project of the forest and land resources research in Anhui Province (KJ2012Z108), Precision Forestry Key Laboratory of Beijing, Beijing Forestry University & Research on key technology and equipment of Precision Forestry(2015ZCQ-LX-01), study on conversion mechanism of surface water- ground water in Shengjin Lake wetland based on connectivity between rivers and lakes(41401022).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bin Dong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ming Zhu
    • 1
  • Hui Huang
    • 1
  • Yu-huang Cui
    • 1
  • Xiang Gao
    • 1
  • Li-ping Liu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of ScienceAnhui Agricultural UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of GeographyNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Faculty of Science and Environmental StudiesLakehead UniversityThunder BayCanada

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