Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 8633–8639 | Cite as

Experimental investigation of diesel engine performance fuelled with the blends of Jatropha curcas, ethanol, and diesel

  • Kutuva Rajaraman Kavitha
  • Nagappan BeemkumarEmail author
  • Rajendiran Rajasekar
Research Article

Abstract

Nonrenewable fossil fuels show increased demand and with fossil fuels at a rapid depleting stage, there seems to be an increase in requirement for alternative fuels too. Biofuels and blended fossil fuels are one of a kind. Nonedible jatropha (Jatropha curcas) oil-based methyl ester was produced and mixed with ethanol and blended with conventional diesel in various compositions. Jatropha biodiesel is used because of its great blending capacity with diesel. Sodium hydroxide is used as a catalyst which allows miscibility between ethanol and diesel. In present epoch, the paucity of fossil fuels and its adverse impact have driven researchers to focus on alternative fuels. Biodiesel is one of the most favorable and promising alternatives in the application of automobiles, boilers, gas turbines, etc. This study targets at finding the engine performance and emission characteristics under various load conditions on Kirloskar single-cylinder VCR research engine by blending both jatropha biodiesel and ethanol with base diesel at various compositions. Both jatropha biodiesel and ethanol have high calorific value which is a most important factor for engine power production. The performance analysis showed that the biodiesel blend of 98% diesel with 1.5% jatropha biodiesel and 0.5% (D98J1.5E0.5) of ethanol had a significant improvement in the engine performance than the conventional diesel.

Keywords

Jatropha curcas Kirloskar engine Jatropha oil Ethanol Diesel Performance analysis Efficiency 

Notes

References

  1. Acharya N, Nanda P, Panda S, Acharya S (2017) A comparative study of stability characteristics of mahua and jatropha biodiesel and its blends. Journal of King Saud University – Engineering Sciences.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksues.2017.09.003
  2. Appavu P, Jayaprabakar J, Beemkumar N, Yuvarajan Devarajan (2018) Effect of injection timing on performance and emission characteristics of palm biodiesel and diesel blends. J Oil Palm Res 30:674–681.  https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2018.0057
  3. Arul Gnana Dhas A, Devarajan Y, Nagappan B (2018) Analysis of emission reduction in ethyne–biodiesel-aspirated diesel engine. Int J Green Energy 15(7):436–440.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2018.1473774 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Balan KN, Yashvanth U, Booma Devi P, Arvind T, Nelson H, Devarajan Y (2018) Investigation on emission characteristics of alcohol biodiesel blended diesel engine. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2018.1549166
  5. Balat M (2010) Potential alternatives to edible oil for biodiesel production—a review of current work. Energy Convers Manag 52:1479–1492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chauhan BS, Kumar N, Du Jun Y, Lee KB (2010) Performance and emission study of preheated Jatropha oil on medium capacity diesel engine. Energy 35:2484–2492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chauhan BS, Kumar N, Cho HM (2012) A study on the performance and emission of a diesel engine fueled with Jatropha biodiesel oil and its blends. Energy 37:616–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Deepak A, Avinash KA (2007) Performance and emissions characteristics of Jatropha oil (preheated and blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine. Appl Therm Eng 27:2314–2323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Devarajan Y (2018) Experimental evaluation of combustion, emission and performance of research diesel engine fuelled Di-methyl-carbonate and biodiesel blends. Atmospheric Pollution Research.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2018.12.007
  10. Devarajan Y, Munuswamy DB, Mahalingam A (2018) Investigation on behavior of diesel engine performance, emission, and combustion characteristics using nano-additive in neat biodiesel. Heat Mass Transf.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-018-02537-2
  11. Dhandapani K, Pacharumuthu S, Nabi MN, Jnar ohan Einar Hustablends of d Terese Lovas (2012) Theoretical and experimental investigation of diesel engine performance, combustion and emission analysis fuelled with the ethanol, diesel and Jatropha methyl ester. Energy Convers Manag 53:322–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dinkov R, Hristov G, Stratiev D, Aldayin VB (2009) Effect of commercially available antioxidants over biodiesel/diesel blends stability. Fuel 88:732–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Forson FK, Oduro EK, Hammond-Donkoh E (2004) Performance of jatropha oil blends in a diesel engine. Renew Energy 29(7):1135–1145Google Scholar
  14. Ganesan S, Sivasubramanian R, Sajin JB, Ganesan S, Devarajan Y (2018) Performance and emission study on the effect of oxygenated additive in neat biodiesel fueled diesel engine. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2018.1549148
  15. Jindal S, Nandawana BP, Rathore NS, Vashistha V (2010) Experimental investigation of the effect of compression ratio and injection pressure in a direct injection diesel engine running on Jetropha methyl ester. Appl Therm Eng 30:442–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Joy N, Devarajan Y, Nagappan B, Anderson A (2017) Exhaust emission study on neat biodiesel and alcohol blends fueled diesel engine. Energy Sources Part A 40(1):115–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Karthikeyan A, Nagappan B, Jayaraman J, GnanaDhas AA (2018) impact of antioxidant additives on the performance and emission characteristics of C.I engine fuelled with B20 blend of rice bran biodiesel. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(18):17634–17644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kathirvelu B, Subramanian S, Govindan N, Santhanam S (2017) Emission characteristics of biodiesel obtained from Jatropha seeds and fish wastes in a diesel engine. Sustain Environ Res 27(6):283–290.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.deri.2017.06.004.
  19. Kishore Pandian A, Munuswamy DB, Radhakrishana S, Bathey Ramakrishnan RB, Nagappan B, Devarajan Y (2017) Influence of an oxygenated additive on emission of an engine fueled with neat biodiesel. Pet Sci 14(4):791–797.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12182-017-0186-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Madiwale S, Karthikeyan A, Bhojwani V (2018) Properties investigation and performance analysis of a diesel engine fuelled with jatropha, soyabean, palm and cottonseed biodiesel using ethanol as an additive. Materials Today: Proceedings 5:657–664Google Scholar
  21. Mahalingam A, Munuswamy DB, Devarajan Y, Radhakrishnan S (2018) Investigation on the emission reduction technique in acetone-biodiesel aspirated diesel engine. J Oil Palm Res 30:345–349.  https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2018.0020
  22. Ong HC, Silitonga AS, Masjuki HH, Mahlia TMI, Chong WT, Boosroh MH (2013) Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils: Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra. Energy Convers Manag 73:245–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Radhakrishnan S, Devarajan Y, Mahalingam A, Nagappan B (2017) Emissions analysis on diesel engine fueled with palm oil biodiesel and pentanol blends. J Oil Palm Res 29:380–386.  https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2017.2903.11
  24. Radhakrishnan S, Munuswamy DB, Mahalingam A (2018) Effect of nanoparticle on emission and performance characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with cashew nut shell biodiesel. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects 40:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2018.1502848 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rathinam S, Sajin JAB, Devarajan Y, Arunkumar T (2018) Influence of water on exhaust emissions on unmodified diesel engine propelled with biodiesel. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects 40(21):2511–2517.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2018.1503756
  26. Sadhik Basha J, Anand RB (2014) Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using carbon nanotubes blended jatropha methyl ester emulsions. Alex Eng J 53:259–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Senthilkumar G, Sajin JB, Arunkumar T (2018) Evaluation of emission, performance and combustion characteristics of dual fuelled research diesel engine. Environ Technol:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2018.1509888
  28. Silitonga AS, Hassan MH, Ong HC, Kusumo F (2017) Analysis of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a turbocharged diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha curcas biodiesel-diesel blends using kernel-based extreme learning machine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(32):25383–25405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Siva R, Munuswamy DB, Devarajan Y (2018) Emission and performance study emulsified orange peel oil biodiesel in an aspirated research engine. Pet Sci 16:180–186.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12182-018-0288-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sudalaimuthu G, Rathinam S, Munuswamy DB, Thirugnanasambandam A (2018) Testing and evaluation of performance and emissions characteristics of water- biodiesel aspirated research engine. J Test Eval 48(5):20180306.  https://doi.org/10.1520/jte20180306 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tan P, Hu Z, Lou D, Li Z (2012) Exhaust emissions from a light-duty diesel engine with Jatropha biodiesel fuel. Energy 39(1):356–362Google Scholar
  32. Thangaraja J, Anand K, Mehta PS (2012) Experimental investigations on combustion, performance and emission characteristics of neat jatropha biodiesel and its methanol blend in a diesel engine. ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Fat Technical Conference.  https://doi.org/10.1115/icef2012-92041
  33. Torres-Jimenez E, Jerman MS, Gregorc A, Lisec I, Dorado MP, Kegl B (2011) Physical and chemical properties of ethanol–diesel fuel blends. Fuel 90(2):795–802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yusuf NNAN, Kamarudin SK, Yaakub Z (2011) Overview on the current trends in biodiesel production. Energy Convers Manag 52:2741–2751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yuvarajan D, Venkata Ramanan M (2016) Experimental analysis on neat mustard oil methyl ester subjected to ultrasonication and microwave irradiation in four stroke single cylinder diesel engine. J Mech Sci Technol 30(1):437–446.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-015-1248-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yuvarajan D, Dinesh Babu M, BeemKumar N (2017) Emissions analysis on diesel engine fuelled with cashew nut shell biodiesel and pentanol blends. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(14):13136–13141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yuvarajan D, Dinesh Babu M, BeemKumar N, Amith Kishore P (2018) Experimental investigation on the influence of titanium dioxide nanofluid on emission pattern of biodiesel in a diesel engine. Atmos Pollut Res 9(1):47–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2017.06.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringSathyabama Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations