Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 9055–9064 | Cite as

Genotoxic assessment of selected native plants to deferentially exposed urban ecosystems

  • Andrea PogányovaEmail author
  • Karol Mičieta
  • Jozef Dušička
Research Article


The aim of this study is to provide an analysis of the impact of ecogenotoxicity on native flora abortivity in various urban areas. In which, there was an analysis of 5 groupings of locations with a differing environmental load intensity within the city of Bratislava (Slovakia) over a 2-year period. Our results show varying data depending on the proximity of each site relating to a direct source of pollution and the potential impact of localized wind currents on the distribution of pollutants in the urban environment. The highest value of pollen abortivity in the city was observed in a group of locations exposed to heavy traffic pollution loads. Abortivity of native flora near heavy traffic road areas correlated with the imissions data measured in the same area. Wind-exposed uncovered sites also experienced higher values of native flora abortivity. These results confirmed the varying intensity of genotoxic impact in differing localities and also suggest that xenobiotic effects on flora can occur remotely from the original source of pollution.


Pollen abortivity Pollution Ecogenotoxicity Native flora Phytoindication 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the statistics evaluation support of Veronika Hulejová Sládkovičová.

Funding information

This study was financially supported by VEGA 1/0885/16 and ITMS 26210120006.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Pogányova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karol Mičieta
    • 2
  • Jozef Dušička
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of High Mountain BiologyUniversity of ŽilinaTatranská JavorinaSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Botany, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislava 1Slovakia

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