Effects of antibiotics on nitrogen uptake of four wetland plant species grown under hydroponic culture Research Article First Online: 14 February 2019 Abstract
To investigate the effects of antibiotics on nitrogen removal and uptake by wetland plants, four typical macrophyte species,
Cyperus alternifolius L., Typha angustifolia L., Lythrum salicaria L., and Acorus calamus L., were grown in hydroponic cultivation systems and fed wastewater polluted with 10 μg L −1 Ofloxacin (OFL) and Tetracycline (TET). Biomass production, nitrogen mass concentration, chlorophyll content, root exudates, and nitrogen removal efficiency of hydroponic cultivation were investigated. The results indicated that in all hydroponic systems, NH 4 +–N was entirely removed from the hydroponic substrate within 1 day and plant nitrogen accumulation was the main role of the removed NO 3 −. OFL and TET stimulated the accumulation of biomass and nitrogen of A. calamus but significantly inhibited the NO 3 −–N removal ability of L. salicaria (98.6 to 76.2%) and T. augustifolia (84.3 to 40.2%). This indicates that A. calamus may be a good choice for nitrogen uptake in wetlands contaminated with antibiotics. OFL and TET improved the concentrations of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), organic acid, and soluble sugars in root exudates, especially for oxalic acid. Considering the significant correlation between TOC of root exudates and nitrogen removal efficiency, the TOC of root exudates may be an important index for choosing macrophytes to maintain nitrogen removal ability in wetlands contaminated with antibiotics. Keywords Antibiotics Macrophyte species Nitrogen Oxalic acid Plant uptake Root exudates
Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues
Notes Funding information
The authors received financial support from the Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment of China (NO. 2017ZX07203-005) (NO. 2012ZX07105-003).
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