Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 7810–7820 | Cite as

Sono-advanced Fenton-like degradation of aromatic amines in textile dyeing sludge: efficiency and mechanisms

  • Haiyuan Zou
  • Xun-an NingEmail author
  • Yi Wang
  • Jian Sun
  • Yanxiang Hong
Research Article


In this paper, a novel strategy integrating ultrasound (US) with a Fenton-like (zero-valent iron/EDTA/air, ZEA) process was proposed for the removal of the refractory and carcinogenic aromatic amines (AAs) in textile dyeing sludge for the first time. The operating condition was optimized as 1.08 W/cm3 ultrasonic density, 15 g/L ZVI, and 1.0 mM EDTA, which could reach degradation efficiencies of 51.79% in US, 72.88% in ZEA, and 92.40% in US/ZEA system after 90-min reaction. Quenching experiments showed that electron transfer reactions generated by the iron ligands in ZEA brought about various reactive oxidative species (ROS), in which Fe (IV), O2˙, and ˙OH dominated the degradation. US induced sludge disintegration by ultrasonic shear, proven by particle size decrease and supernatant organic matter upsurge, which helps ROS contact with those pollutants in the sludge cavities. Besides, US facilitated the iron redox cycle for oxygen activation by promoting the corrosion of ZVI and stripping considerable ferric ions from sludge iron oxides which were verified by SEM, XRF, and XPS.

Graphical abstract


Ultrasound Textile dyeing sludge Aromatic amines Fenton-like process Persistent organic pollutants Environmental remediation 



This study is financially supported by the Science and Technology Plan of Guangzhou (No. 201607010330), the Science and Technology Plan of Guangdong Province (No. 2015A020215032), the Special Applied Technology Research and Development of Guangdong Province (major project) (No. 2015B020235013), and the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21577027).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4147_MOESM1_ESM.doc (688 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 687 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiyuan Zou
    • 1
  • Xun-an Ning
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yi Wang
    • 1
  • Jian Sun
    • 1
  • Yanxiang Hong
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution ControlGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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