Adsorption and regeneration characteristics of phosphorus from sludge dewatering filtrate by magnetic anion exchange resin

  • Mingyang Song
  • Min LiEmail author
Appropriate Technologies to Combat Water Pollution


Removal and recovery of phosphorus (P) from sewage are essential for sustainable development of P resource. Based on the water quality determination of sludge dewatering filtrate from a wastewater treatment plant in Beijing, this study investigated the adsorption and regeneration characteristics of P by magnetic anion exchange resin (MAEX). The experiments showed that the P adsorption capacity of MAEX could reach a maximum of 2.74 mg/mL when initial P concentration was 25 mg/L and dosage of MAEX was 8 mL/L. The P adsorption on MAEX resin was suitable for large temperature range (283–323 K). However, the adsorption capacity was reduced in various degrees due to the interference of different anions (Br, SO42−, Cl, NO3, HCO3, CO32−) and organic compounds (bovine serum albumin, humic acid). Kinetics studies indicated that the P adsorption process followed the pseudo-second-order model. The MAEX resin had a rapid P adsorption rate and the P adsorption capacity at 30 min could reach 97.7–99.3% of qe. Increase of temperature was favorable to P adsorption on MAEX, and the adsorption isotherm data fitted to Langmuir model more than Freundlich model. Meanwhile, the thermodynamics parameters were calculated; it was shown that the adsorption process was an endothermic reaction. Desorption and regeneration experiments showed that NaHCO3 was a suitable regenerant, and the P adsorption capacity could reach 90.51% of the original capacity after 10 times of adsorption-desorption cycles; this indicated that MAEX resin has an excellent regeneration performance and thus has a very good application prospect of P removal and recovery. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis confirmed that ion exchange, charge attraction, and hydrogen bonding affected the removal of P by the MAEX resin. The vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis revealed that MAEX resin was a kind of soft magnetic materials with good magnetism.


Phosphorus Magnetic anion exchange resin Adsorption Kinetics Isotherm Regeneration 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51279004) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2015ZCQ-HJ-01).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

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