Effects of biogas residues containing antibiotics on soil enzyme activity and lettuce growth

  • Jiancong Han
  • Congguang Zhang
  • Jia Cheng
  • Fei Wang
  • Ling QiuEmail author
Research Article


To investigate the effects of biogas residues containing antibiotics on lettuce growth and soil enzyme activity, the antibiotics oxytetracycline and sulfadiazine were used as additives; two kinds of feedstocks including pig manure and straw were chosen. Results showed that the higher the concentrations of the antibiotics are, the stronger the inhibition of soil sucrase activity becomes. The activity of sucrose enzyme in the test group with a single concentration of 60 mg/kg was significantly lower than the group that was treated with 0 mg/kg. In the mass, the organic fertilizer containing antibiotics can improve the soil urease activity and increase the urease activity of the soil. In the growth phase, urease activity increased by 27% from 0.85 mg NH3-N/(g day) in the blank group to 1.08 NH3-N/(g day) in the 0-mg test group. During all growing stages of lettuce, though the effects of the biogas residues containing oxytetracycline and sulfadiazine on the soil catalase activity were not obvious, the field application could inhibit the activity of soil catalase to some extent.


Oxytetracycline Sulfadiazine Biogas residues Soil enzyme activity Lettuce 


Funding information

The authors are grateful for the support of the Agricultural Eco-environmental Special Foundation Project of Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (2110402-7), the National Foundation of Natural Science (51576167), Special Agricultural Program of Shaanxi Province (2017-136), and the Postgraduate Scholarship Project of China Scholarship Council (201806300084).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiancong Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Congguang Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jia Cheng
    • 1
  • Fei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ling Qiu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Western Scientific Observation and Experiment Station of Development and Utilization of Rural Renewable Energy of Ministry of AgricultureNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  3. 3.Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological EngineeringThe Ohio State UniversityWoosterUSA

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