Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 8148–8156 | Cite as

Multifunctional diesel exhaust emission soot coated sponge for water treatment

  • Vishvendra Pratap Singh
  • Moolchand Sharma
  • Rahul VaishEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

We demonstrated that a pollutant and waste, diesel exhaust emission soot (DEES) can be used as an absorbent to remove oil and organic pollutants from wastewater. The diesel exhaust emission soot coated sponge (DEES sponge) was prepared using the dip-coating method. Prepared DEES sponge was found hydrophobic in nature as the contact angle between water drop and its surface was recorded to be 147°. The DEES sponge showed high absorption capacity with various oils, without any surface modifications and pretreatments. Highest oil absorption capacity was found to be 39 g/g for engine oil. Excellent separation efficiency was recorded (max. 98.5% for engine oil). It shows promising recyclability having 95% efficiency even after 10 cycles. DEES sponge also demonstrated the capability to be used as an adsorbent due to its ability to absorb pollutants like methylene blue (MB), ciprofloxacin, and detergent from the water. It was able to adsorb 93% of the dye MB from its aqueous solution having concentration of 15 μM.

Keywords

Diesel exhaust emission soot Oil-water filter Adsorption 

Notes

Supplementary material

11356_2018_4045_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (3.6 mb)
Video 1 (MP4 3657 kb)
11356_2018_4045_MOESM2_ESM.mp4 (4.3 mb)
Video 2 (MP4 4415 kb)
11356_2018_4045_MOESM3_ESM.mp4 (3.7 mb)
Video 3 (MP4 3751 kb)

References

  1. Bi H, Xie X, Yin K, Zhou Y, Wan S, He L, Xu F, Banhart F, Sun L, Ruoff RS (2012) Spongy graphene as a highly efficient and recyclable sorbent for oils and organic solvents. Adv Funct Mater 22:4421–4425.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201200888 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bose PK, Roy K, Mukhopadhya N, Chakraborty RK (2010) Improved theoretical modeling of a cyclone separator as a diesel soot particulate emission arrester. Int J Automot Technol 11:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-010-0001-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Caffrey PO, Gupta MC (2014) Electrically conducting superhydrophobic microtextured carbon nanotube nanocomposite. Appl Surf Sci 314:40–45.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.06.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cao N, Lyu Q, Li J, Wang Y, Yang B, Szunerits S, Boukherroub R (2017a) Facile synthesis of fluorinated polydopamine/chitosan/reduced graphene oxide composite aerogel for efficient oil/water separation. Chem Eng J 326:17–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cao N, Yang B, Barras A, Szunerits S, Boukherroub R (2017b) Polyurethane sponge functionalized with superhydrophobic nanodiamond particles for efficient oil/water separation. Chem Eng J 307:319–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheng WY, Wang CC, Lu SY (2013) Graphene aerogels as a highly efficient counter electrode material for dye-sensitized solar cells. Carbon N Y 54:291–299.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2012.11.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choi SJ, Kwon TH, Im H, Moon DI, Baek DJ, Seol ML, Duarte JP, Choi YK (2011) A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) sponge for the selective absorption of oil from water. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 3:4552–4556.  https://doi.org/10.1021/am201352w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cong HP, Ren XC, Wang P, Yu SH (2012) Macroscopic multifunctional graphene-based hydrogels and aerogels by a metal ion induced self-assembly process. ACS Nano 6:2693–2703.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300082k CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crini G (2006) Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. Bioresour Technol 97:1061–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Deng X, Mammen L, Butt HJ, Vollmer D (2012) Candle soot as a template for a transparent robust superamphiphobic coating. Science 335(80):67–70.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1207115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dorri Moghadam A, Omrani E, Menezes PL, Rohatgi PK (2015) Mechanical and tribological properties of self-lubricating metal matrix nanocomposites reinforced by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene - a review. Compos Part B Eng 77:402–420.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.03.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fan X, Xia Y, Wang L, Li W (2014) Multilayer graphene as a lubricating additive in bentone grease. Tribol Lett 55:455–464.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-014-0369-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gao Y, Zhou YS, Xiong W, Wang M, Fan L, Rabiee-Golgir H, Jiang L, Hou W, Huang X, Jiang L, Silvain JF, Lu YF (2014) Highly efficient and recyclable carbon soot sponge for oil cleanup. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:5924–5929.  https://doi.org/10.1021/am500870f CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gong R, Li M, Yang C et al (2005) Removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution by adsorption on peanut hull. J Hazard Mater 121:247–250.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.01.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gu Y-K, Cao L, Wan Y, Gao J-G (2017) Tribological performance and lubrication mechanism of carbon microspheres as oil-based lubricant additive on aluminum alloy substrate. Wuji Cailiao Xuebao/Journal Inorg Mater 32:625.  https://doi.org/10.15541/jim20160459 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupte S, Keharia H, Gupte A (2013) Toxicity analysis of azo red BS and methyl red dye solutions on earthworm (Pheretima phosthuma), micro-organisms, and plants. Desalin Water Treat 51:4556–4565.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2012.748637 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huaiyuan W, Shuhui Y, Shuai Z, Guiying W, Shan L, Yanji Z (2014) Preparation and tribological behaviors of porous multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyetheretherketone composites. Sci Adv Mater 6:1475–1480.  https://doi.org/10.1166/sam.2014.1825 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ivleva NP, Messerer A, Yang X, Niessner R, Pöschl U (2007) Raman microspectroscopic analysis of changes in the chemical structure and reactivity of soot in a diesel exhaust aftertreatment model system. Environ Sci Technol 41:3702–3707.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es0612448 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kannan N, Sundaram MM (2001) Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption on various carbons—a comparative study. Dyes Pigments 51:25–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-7208(01)00056-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Karami M, Akhavan Bahabadi MA, Delfani S, Ghozatloo A (2014) A new application of carbon nanotubes nanofluid as working fluid of low-temperature direct absorption solar collector. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 121:114–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2013.11.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kawabata Y, Udagawa T, Higuchi K et al (1988) Lung injury and carcinogenesis following transtracheal instillation of diesel soot particle of the lung. J Japan Soc Air Pollut 23:32–40Google Scholar
  22. Lau KKS, Bico J, Teo KBK, Chhowalla M, Amaratunga GAJ, Milne WI, McKinley GH, Gleason KK (2003) Superhydrophobic carbon nanotube forests. Nano Lett 3:1701–1705.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl034704t CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Le Cloirec P, Faur C (2006) Adsorption of organic compounds onto activated carbon — applications in water and air treatments. In: Activated carbon surfaces in environmental. Remediation:375–419Google Scholar
  24. Le VT, Kim H, Ghosh A et al (2013) Coaxial fiber supercapacitor using all-carbon material electrodes. ACS Nano 7:5940–5947.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nn4016345 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Li J (2012) Review of electrochemical capacitors based on carbon nanotubes and graphene. Graphene 01:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2012.11001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li J, Cheng X, Shashurin A, Keidar M (2012) Review of electrochemical capacitors based on carbon nanotubes and graphene. Graphene 01:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2012.11001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Li J, Kang R, Tang X, She H, Yang Y, Zha F (2016a) Superhydrophobic meshes that can repel hot water and strong corrosive liquids used for efficient gravity-driven oil/water separation. Nanoscale 8:7638–7645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li J, Xu C, Zhang Y, Wang R, Zha F, She H (2016b) Robust superhydrophobic attapulgite coated polyurethane sponge for efficient immiscible oil/water mixture and emulsion separation. J Mater Chem A 4:15546–15553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li J, Xu C, Guo C, Tian H, Zha F, Guo L (2018) Underoil superhydrophilic desert sand layer for efficient gravity-directed water-in-oil emulsions separation with high flux. J Mater Chem A 6:223–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Moreno-Castilla C (2004) Adsorption of organic molecules from aqueous solutions on carbon materials. Carbon N Y 42:83–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2003.09.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Muller JO, Su DS, Jentoft RE et al (2006) Diesel engine exhaust emission: oxidative behavior and microstructure of black smoke soot particulate. Environ Sci Technol 40:1231–1236.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es0512069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nguyen DD, Tai NH, Lee SB, Kuo WS (2012) Superhydrophobic and superoleophilic properties of graphene-based sponges fabricated using a facile dip coating method. Energy Environ Sci 5:7908–7912.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ee21848h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pereira MFR, Soares SF, Orfao JJM, Figueiredo JL (2003) Adsorption of dyes on activated carbons: influence of surface chemical groups. Carbon N Y 41:811–821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ruoff RS, Lorents DC, International SRI, Park M (1995) Mechanical and thermal properties of carbon nanotubes. Carbon N Y 33:925–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sadezky A, Muckenhuber H, Grothe H, Niessner R, Pöschl U (2005) Raman microspectroscopy of soot and related carbonaceous materials: spectral analysis and structural information. Carbon N Y 43:1731–1742.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2005.02.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sethi S, Dhinojwala A (2009) Superhydrophobic conductive carbon nanotube coatings for steel. Langmuir 25:4311–4313.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la9001187 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Singh VP, Vaish R (2018) Adsorption of dyes onto candle soot: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Eur Phys J Plus 133:446.  https://doi.org/10.1140/epjp/i2018-12212-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Singh B, Madhusudhanan S, Dubey V, Nath R, Rao NBSN (1996) Active carbon for removal of toxic chemicals from contaminated water. Carbon N Y 34:327–330.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(95)00179-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Spinks GM, Wallace GG, Fifield LS, Dalton LR, Mazzoldi A, de Rossi D, Khayrullin II, Baughman RH (2002) Pneumatic carbon nanotube actuators. Adv Mater 14:1728–1732.  https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20021203)14:23<1728::AID-ADMA1728>3.0.CO;2-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang Y, Jiang L, Wang Y (2016) Development of candle soot based carbon nanoparticles (CNPs)/polyaniline electrode and its comparative study with CNPs/MnO2in supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta 210:190–198.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2016.05.145 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yagub MT, Sen TK, Afroze S, Ang HM (2014) Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 209:172–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yuan J, Liu X, Akbulut O, Hu J, Suib SL, Kong J, Stellacci F (2008) Superwetting nanowire membranes for selective absorption. Nat Nanotechnol 3:332–336.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.136 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhang B, Wang D, Yu B, Zhou F, Liu W (2014) Candle soot as a supercapacitor electrode material. RSC Adv 4:2586–2589.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ra42507j CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vishvendra Pratap Singh
    • 1
  • Moolchand Sharma
    • 1
  • Rahul Vaish
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MandiMandiIndia

Personalised recommendations