Advertisement

Particulate matters and gaseous pollutants in indoor environment and Association of ultra-fine particulate matters (PM1) with lung function

  • Tanzina Akther
  • Morshad Ahmed
  • Mohammad Shohel
  • Farhana Khanom Ferdousi
  • Abdus SalamEmail author
Research Article
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Real-time particulate matters (PM1, PM2.5, PM4, PM7, PM10, and TSP) with AEROCET 531S (USA), gaseous pollutants (NO2 and TVOC) with Aeroquel 500 gas sampler (NZ) were measured from the indoor air of houses at four residential locations in Dhaka, Bangladesh. PM10 samples were collected on quartz filters with a dual channel dust sampler (IPM-FDS 2510, India) for selected trace metal determination from five houses of Dhaka. Respiratory function of the occupants was assessed by using a peak expiratory flow meter (Rossmax PF 120). Mean PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations were 46.1 ± 13.4, 76.0 ± 16.2, and 203.9 ± 44.8 μg m−3, respectively. Higher enrichment factors of Pb, Zn, and Ni were found for traffic, industrial, and constructional activities. The correlation between indoor and outdoor PM2.5 (R2 = 0.42) and ratios (I/O < 1) suggesting indoor air was effected by outdoor air. The concentration of NO2 (0.076 ± 0.007 ppm) and TVOC (90.0 ± 46.0 ppm) was found above than other studies. The average total hazard ratio (THR) in Dhaka was 9.06 and has the highest exposure to air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2) in Khilkhet (THR 10.1) residents. A negative association between ultra-fine particles (PM1) and peak flow rate measurements of the residents living in these houses indicates that inhalations of ultra-fine particles has great influence on the reduced lung efficiency.

Keywords

Indoor air quality Particulate matter NO2 and TVOC Hazard ratio indicator Peak flow rate Lung function 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge the owner and residents of the houses who were helping during sampling and also participating in the lung function test experiments. Centre for Advanced Research in Sciences (CARS) for helping with trace metal analysis.

Funding information

Authors acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Education, The Government Republic of Bangladesh (Project no.: PS 14138).

References

  1. Abrar A, Sundas W, Perveen F, Habib M (2014) Air quality monitoring of some gaseous pollutants at selected points in Gullberg II, Lahore, Pakistan. Int Res J Env Sci 3:38–47Google Scholar
  2. Abt E, Suh HH, Allen G, Koutrakis P (2000) Characterization of indoor particle sources: a study conducted in the metropolitan Boston area. Environ Health Perspect 108:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmed M, Hossain A, Akther T, Shohel M, Salam A (2018) Chemical composition and source identification of fog water at an indo-Gangetic plain (IGP) outflow location (coastal Bhola Island), Bangladesh. J Environ Pollut Manag 1:104Google Scholar
  4. Arbex MA, Martins LC, Pereira LAA, Negrini F, Cardoso AA, Melchert WR, Arbex RF, Saldiva PHN, Zanobetti A, Braga ALF (2007) Indoor NO2 air pollution and lung function of professional cooks. Braz J Med Biol Res 40:527–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Begum AB, Biswas SK (2009) Characterization and apportionment of sources of indoor air particulate matter of aecd campus, Dhaka. J Bangladesh Acad Sci 33:25–36Google Scholar
  6. Blondeau P, Iordache V, Poupard O, Genin D, Allard F (2005) Relationship between outdoor and indoor air quality in eight French schools. Indoor Air 15:2–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown JS, Gordon T, Price O, Asgharian B (2013) Thoracic and respirable particle definitions for human health risk assessment. Fibre Toxicol 10:12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chan CC, Chen BY, Cheng T-J, Guo YL (2015) Effects of particulate air pollution and ozone on lung function in non-asthmatic children. Environ Res 137:40–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen C, Zhao B (2011) Review of relationship between indoor and outdoor particles: I/O ratio, infiltration factor and penetration factor. Atmos Environ 45:275–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Colbeck I, Nasir ZA, Ali Z (2010) Characteristics of indoor/outdoor particulate pollution in urban and rural residential environment of Pakistan. Indoor Air 20:40–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Datta A, Suresh R, Gupta A, Singh D, Kulshrestha P (2017) Indoor air quality of non-residential urban buildings in Delhi, India. Int J Sust Built Environ 6:412–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dherani M, Pope D, Mascarenhas M, Smith KR, Weber M, Bruce N (2008) Indoor air pollution from unprocessed solid fuel use and pneumonia risk in children aged under five years: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bull World Health Organ 86:390–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dockery DW, Pope CA 3rd, Xu X, Spengler JD, Ware JH, Fay ME, Ferris BG Jr, Speizer FE (1993) An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities. N Engl J Med 329:1753–1759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Feng CT, Kirk RS, Nuntavarn V-V, Bart DO, Lauraine GC, Nipapun K (2000) Indoor/outdoor PM10 and PM2.5 in Bangkok, Thailand. J Expo Anal Environ Epidomial 10:15–26Google Scholar
  15. Fung YS, Wong LWY (1995) Apportionment of air pollution sources by receptor models in Hong Kong. Atmos Environ 29:2041–2048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gennaro de G, Farella G, Marzocca A, Mazzone A, Tutino M (2013) Indoor and outdoor monitoring of volatile organic compounds in school buildings: indicators based on health risk assessment to single out critical issues. Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:6273–6291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gurley ES, Salje H, Homaira N, Ram PK, Haque R, Petri WA Jr, Bresee J, Moss WJ, Luby SP, Breysse P, Azziz-Baumgartner E (2013) Seasonal concentrations and determinants of indoor particulate matter in a low-income community in Dhaka. Bangladesh Environ Res 121:11–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haller L, Claiborn C, Larson T, Koenig J, Norris G, Edgar R (1999) Airborne particulate matter size distributions in an arid urban area. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 49:161–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harrison RM, Smith DJT, Pio CA, Castro LM (1996) Source apportionment of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons collected from an urban location in Birmingham, UK. Environ Sci Technol 30:825–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jodeh S, Hasan AR, Amarah J, Father J, Salghi R, Lgaz H, Jodeh W (2018) Indoor and outdoor air quality analysis for the city of Nablus in Palestine: seasonal trends of PM10, PM5.0, PM2.5 and PM1.0 of residential homes. Air Qual Atmos Health 11:229–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jones NC, Thornton CA, Mark D, Harrison RM (2000) Indoor/outdoor relationships of particulate matter in domestic homes with roadside, urban and rural locations. Atmos Environ 34:2603–2612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Khalequzzaman M, Kamijima M, Sakai K, Chowdhury NA, Hamajima N, Nakajima T (2007) Indoor air pollution and its impact on children under five years old in Bangladesh. Indoor Air 17:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Klepeis NE, Nelson WC, Ott WR, Robinson JP, Tsang AM, Switzer P, Behar JV, Hern SC, Engelmann WH (2001) The National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS): a resource for assessing exposure to environmental pollutants. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 11:231–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Koenig JQ, Mar TF, Allen RW, Jansen K, Lumley T, Sullivan JH, Trenga CA, Larson T, Liu LJ (2005) Pulmonary effects of indoor- and outdoor-generated particles in children with asthma. Environ Health Perspect 113:499–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kulshreshtha P, Khare M (2010) A comparative study of indoor air pollution and its respiratory impacts in Delhi, India. WIT Trans Ecol Environ 136:287–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kulshreshtha P, Khare M (2011) Indoor exploratory analysis of gaseous pollutants and respirable particulate matter at residential homes of Delhi, India. Atmos Pollut Res 2:337–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Laidlaw MAS, Zahran S, Mielke HW, Taylor MP, Filippelli GM (2012) Re-suspension of lead contaminated urban soil as a dominant source of atmospheric lead in Birmingham, Chicago, Detroit and Pittsburgh, USA. Atmos Environ 49:302–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Landrigan J, Richard F, Nereus BE, Acosta JR, Olusoji A, Arnold R, Niladri, Bertollini R (2017) The lancet commission on pollution and health. Lancet 391:462–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Leung D (2015) Outdoor-indoor air pollution in urban environment: challenges and opportunity. Front Environ Sci 2:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lin GZ, Peng RF, Chen Q, Wu ZG, Du L (2009) Lead in housing paints: an exposure source still not taken seriously for children lead poisoning in China. Environ Res 109:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu HY, Dunea D, Iordache S, Pohoata A (2018) A review of airborne particulate matter effects on young Children’s respiratory symptoms and diseases. Atmosphere 9:150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Massey D, Kulshrestha A, Masih J, Taneja A (2012) Seasonal trends of PM10, PM5.0, PM2.5 & PM1.0 in indoor and outdoor environments of residential homes located in north-Central India. Build Environ 47:223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mohammadyan M, Ashmore M, Shabankhani B (2008) Indoor PM2.5 concentrations in the office, café, and home. J Occup Environ Hyg 2:57–62Google Scholar
  34. Nahar M, Khan MH, Ahmad SA (2016) Indoor air pollutants and respiratory problems among Dhaka City dwellers. Arch Community Med Public Health 2:32–36Google Scholar
  35. Nakai S, Tamura K (2008) Relationship between indoor and outdoor particulate matter concentrations in Japan. Asian J Atmos Environ 2:68–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Oosterlee A, Drijver M, Lebret E, Brunekreef B (1996) Chronic respiratory symptoms in children and adults living along streets with high traffic density. Occup Environ Med 53:241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pace TG, Watson JG (1987) Protocol for applying and validating the CMB model. Report No. EPA 450/4-87-010. US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NCGoogle Scholar
  38. Perez-Padilla R, Schilmann A, Riojas-Rodriguez H (2010) Respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:1079–1086Google Scholar
  39. Ram PK, Dutt D, Silk BJ, Doshi S, Rudra CB, Abedin J, Goswami D, Fry AM, Brooks WA, Luby SP, Cohen AL (2014) Household air quality risk factors associated with childhood pneumonia in urban Dhaka, Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg 90:968–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Salam A, Mamoon HA, Ullah MB, Ullah SM (2012) Measurement of the atmospheric aerosol particle size distribution in a highly polluted mega-city in Southeast Asia (Dhaka-Bangladesh). Atmos Environ 59:338–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shohel M, Simol HA, Reid E, Reid JS, Salam A (2017) Dew water chemical composition and source characterization in the IGP outflow location (coastal Bhola, Bangladesh). Air Qual Atmos Health 10:981–990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Smith K (2003) Fuel combustion, air pollution exposure, and health: the situation in developing countries. Annu Rev Energy Environ 18:529–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sörme L, Bergbäck B, Lohm U (2001) Goods in the anthroposphere as a metal emissions source e a case study of Stockholm, Sweden. Water Air Soil Pollut 1:213–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Srithawirat T, Latif MT (2015) Concentration of selected heavy metals in the surface dust of residential buildings in Phitsanulok, Thailand. Environ Earth Sci 74:2701–2706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Stazi F, Naspi F, Ulpiani G, Perna CD (2017) Indoor air quality and thermal comfort optimization in class rooms developing an automatic system for windows opening and closing. Energy Build 139:732–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. United States Environment Protection Agency (US EPA) (2011). The Screening Level (RSL) Tables (Last updated June 2011)Google Scholar
  47. Uzoigwe JC, Prum T, Bresnahan E, Garelnabi M (2013) The emerging role of outdoor and indoor air pollution in cardiovascular disease. N Am J Med Sci 5:445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Valavanidis A, Fiotakis K, Vlachogianni T (2008) Airborne particulate matter and human health: toxicological assessment and importance of size and composition of particles for oxidative damage and carcinogenic mechanisms. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev 26:339–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wagdi D, Tarabieh K, Zeid MNA (2018) Indoor air quality index for preoccupancy assessment. Air Qual Atmos Health 11:445–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wallace L (1996) Indoor particles: a review. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 46:98–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wolkoff P (1995) Volatile organic compounds – sources, measurements, emissions and the impact on indoor air quality. Indoor Air 3:1–73Google Scholar
  52. Wolkoff P, Johnsen CR, Franck C, Wilhardt P, Albrechtsen O (1992) A study of human reactions to office machines in a climatic chamber. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol SupplI(7):1–97Google Scholar
  53. World Health Organization (‎2011) Methods for monitoring indoor air quality in schools: report of a meeting, Bonn, Germany, 4–5 April 2011. WHO Regional Office for Europe. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/108596. Accessed 24 Dec 2018
  54. World Health Organizations (WHO) (2018) Household air pollution and health (link: http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/household-air-pollution-and-health). Accessed 24 Dec 2018
  55. Yassin M, AlThaqeb BEY, Al-Mutiri EAE (2012) Assessment of indoor PM2.5 in different residential environments. Atmos Environ 56:65–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zahran S, Laidlaw MA, McElmurry SP, Filippelli GM, Taylor M (2013) Linking source and effect: resuspended soil lead, air lead, and children’s blood lead levels in Detroit, Michigan. Environ Sci Technol 47:2839–2845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang Q, Jiang X, Tong D, Davis SJ, Zhao H, Geng G, Feng T, Zheng B, Lu Z, Streets DG, Ni R, Brauer M, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Huo H, Liu Z, Pan D, Kan H, Yan Y, Lin J, He K, Guan D (2017) Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade. Nature 543:705–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

Personalised recommendations