Advertisement

Cultivation modes and deficit irrigation strategies to improve 13C carbon isotope, photosynthesis, and winter wheat productivity in semi-arid regions

  • Shahzad Ali
  • Yueyue Xu
  • Xiangcheng Ma
  • Malak Henchiri
  • Tie Cai
  • Xiaolong Ren
  • Jiahua ZhangEmail author
  • Zhikuan JiaEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Determining the effect of ridge-furrow cultivation mode on 13C carbon isotope discrimination, photosynthetic capacity, and leaf gas exchange characteristics of winter wheat leaves will help to increase wheat production. To verify these effects of cultivation modes with deficit irrigation will provide scientific basis for determining water-saving strategy. Therefore, a mobile rainproof shelter was used to explore the potential benefit of two cultivation modes: (1) the ridge-furrow (RF) precipitation system and (2) traditional flat planting (TF) with two deficit irrigation levels (150, 75 mm) and three precipitation levels (275 mm, 200 mm, 125 mm) were tested in this study. Plastic film mulching on ridges had significant effects on rainwater collection and improved soil water retention. Analysis of the light-response curve showed that RF2150 treatment significantly increased flag leaf net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), transpiration rate (Tr), leaf WUE, and total contents of chlorophyll ab of wheat at flowering stage than that of TF planting. The RF system significantly increases maximum net photosynthetic rate (Pnmax) (16.2%), light saturation points (LSP) (6.7%), and Pn under CO2-response curves compared to the TF cultivation across the two irrigation and three simulated rainfall levels. The RF system significantly increased Δ13C (0.7%) and caused a notable increase in the intercellular to ambient CO2 concentration ratio (7.6%), dry matter translocation (54.9%), and grain yield plant−1 (19%) compared to the TF planting. Furthermore, Δ13C was significantly positively correlated with Pn, Gs, Ci/Ca, Ci, Tr, Pnmax, LSP, and grain yield. This study suggested that the RF2150 treatment was the best water-saving technique because it increased soil water content, Δ13C, biomass, grain yield, and leaf WUE.

Keywords

Cultivation technique Dry matter translocation Rainfall simulator Carbon isotope discrimination Semi-arid regions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We appreciate the helpful comments of two reviewers.

Funding information

This work was supported by China Support Program (2012BAD09B03) for Dry-land Farming in the 12th 5-year plan period, the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Project Funding (2018M642614), the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest under Grant (201303104), and the Key basic research project of Shandong natural science foundation of China (ZR2017ZB0422), and “Taishan Scholar” project of Shandong Province.

References

  1. Abbasi AR, Sarvestani R, Mohammadi B, Baghery A (2014) Drought stress-induced changes at physiological and biochemical levels in some common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) genotypes. J Agric Sci Technol 16:505–516Google Scholar
  2. Ainsworth EA, Rogers A (2007) The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions. Plant Cell Environ 30:258–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali S, Xu Y, Ma X, Ahmad I, Kamran M, Dong Z, Cai T, Jia Q, Ren X, Zhang P, Jia Z (2017) Planting models and deficit irrigation strategies to improve wheat production and water use efficiency under simulated rainfall conditions. Front Plant Sci 8:1408.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01408. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Araus JL, Slafer GA, Reynolds MP, Royo C (2002) Plant breeding and drought inC-3 cereals: what should we breed for? Ann Bot 89:925–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boussadia O, Steppe K, Zgallai H, Hadj SB, Braham M, Lemeur R, VanLabeke M (2010) Effects of nitrogen deficiency on leaf photosynthesis, carbohydrate status and biomass production in two olive cultivars ‘Meski’and‘Koroneiki’. Science Horticultural-Amsterdam 123:336–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowman WD, Hubick KT, von Caemmerer S, Farquhar GD (1989) Short-term changes in leaf carbon isotope discrimination in salt and water-stressed C4 grasses. Plant Physiol 90:162–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchmann N, Brooks JR, Rapp KD, Ehleringer JR (1996) Carbon isotope composition of C4 grasses is influenced by light and water supply. Plant Cell Environ 19:392–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Choi W, Chang SX, Allen HL, Kelting DL, Ro H (2005) Irrigation and fertilization effects on foliar and soil carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in a loblolly pine stand. For Ecol Manag 213:90–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cui Y, Tian Z, Zhang X, Muhammad A, Han H, Jiang D, Cao W, Dai T (2015) Effect of water deficit during vegetative growth periods on post-anthesis photosynthetic capacity and grain yield in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Acta Physiol Plant 37:196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dordas CA, Sioulas C (2009) Dry matter and nitrogen accumulation partitioning, and retranslocation in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) as affected by nitrogen fertilization. Field Crop Res 110:35–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ercoli L, Lulli L, Mariotti M, Masoni A, Arduini I (2008) Post-anthesis dry matter and nitrogen dynamics in durum wheat as affected by nitrogen supply and soil water availability. Eur J Agron 28:138–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Farquhar GD, Ehleringer JR, Hubick KT (1989) Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 40:503–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ge T, Sui F, Bai L, Tong C, Sun N (2012) Effects of water stress on growth biomass partitioning, and water-use efficiency in summer maize (Zea mays L.) throughout the growth cycle. Acta Physiol Plant 34:1043–1053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guoth A, Tari I, Galle A, Csizsar J, Horvath F, Pecsvaradi A, Cseuz L, Erdei L (2009) Chlorophyll a flourescence induction parameters of flag leaves characterizes genotypes and not the drought tolerance of wheat during grain filling under water deficit. Acta Biol Szegediensis 53:1–7Google Scholar
  15. Han RF, Li JM, Hu XH, Da HG, Bai RF (2012) Research on dynamic characteristics of photosynthesis in muskmelon seedling leaves. Acta Ecol Sinica 32:1471–1480 (in Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hu T, Kang S, Li F, Zhang J (2009) Effects of partial root-zone irrigation on the nitrogen absorption and utilization of maize. Agric Water Manag 96:208–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Iqbal MM, Akhter J, Mohammad W, Shah SM, Nawaz H, Mahmood K (2005) Effect of tillage and fertilizer levels on wheat yield, nitrogen uptake and their correlation with carbon isotope discrimination under rainfed conditions in north-West Pakistan. Soil Tillage Res 80:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kage H, Kochler M, Stutzel H (2004) Root growth and dry matter partitioning of cauliflower under drought stress conditions: measurement and simulation. Eur J Agron 20:379–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kang S, Zhang J (2004) Controlled alternate partial root-zone irrigation: its physiological consequences and impact on water use efficiency. J Exp Bot 55:2437–2446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kang SZ, Zhang FC, Liang YL, Ma QL, Hu XT (1999) Effects of soil water and the atmospheric CO2 concentration increase on evapotranspiration, photosynthesis, growth of wheat, maize and cotton. Acta Agron Sin 25:55–63Google Scholar
  21. Kang SZ, Zhang L, Liang YL, Hu XT, Cai HJ, Gu BJ (2002) Effects of limitedirrigation on yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat in the loess plateau of China. Agric Water Manag 55:203–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Keeling CD, Mock WG, Tans PP (1979) Recent trends in the 13C/ 12C ratio of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature 277:121–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li F, Liang J, Kang S, Zhang J (2007) Benefits of alternate partial root zone irrigation on growth, water and nitrogen use efficiencies modified by fertilization and soil water status in maize. Plant Soil 295:279–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Li D, Tian M, Cai J, Jiang D, Cao W, Dai T (2013) Effects of low nitrogen supply on relationships between photosynthesis and nitrogen status at different leaf position in wheat seedlings. Plant Growth Regul 70:257–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu F, Shahnazari A, Andersen MN, Jacobsen SE, Jensen CR (2006) Effects of deficit irrigation (DI) and alternate partial root drying (PRI) on gas exchange, biomass partitioning, and water use efficiency in potato. Sci Hortic 109:113–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu F, Andersen MN, Jensen CR (2009) Capability of the ‘ball-berry’ model for predicting stomatal conductance and water use efficiency of potato leaves under different irrigation regimes. Sci Hortic 122:346–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu EK, Mei XR, Yan CR, Gong DZ, Zhang YQ (2016) Effects of water stress on photosynthetic characteristics, dry matter translocation and WUE in two winter wheat genotypes. Agric Water Manag 167:75–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Loveys BR, Dry PR, Stoll M, McCarthy MG (2000) Using plant physiology to improve the water use efficiency of horticultural crops. Acta Hortic 537:187–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Makino A (2011) Photosynthesis, grain yield, and nitrogen utilization in rice and wheat. Plant Physiol 155:125–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel HJ (2014) Interactive effects of free-air CO2 enrichment and drought stress on maize growth. Eur J Agron 52:11–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Meng F, Zhang J, Yao F, Hao C (2014) Interactive effects of elevated CO2 concentration and irrigation on photosynthetic parameters and yield of maize in Northeast China. PLoS One 9:e98318.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098318 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miranzadeh H, Emam Y, Pilesjö P, Seyyedi H (2011) Water use efficiency of four dryland wheat cultivars under different levels of nitrogen fertilization. J Agric Sci Technol 13:843–854Google Scholar
  33. Nagaz K, Toumi I, Mahjoub I, Masmoudi MM, Mechila NB (2012) Yield and water-use efficiency of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) under deficit irrigation with saline water in arid conditions of southern Tunisia. Res J Agron 1:9–17Google Scholar
  34. Pampino P, Pataleo S, Gerardi C, Mita GPC (2006) Drought stress response in wheat: physiological and molecular analysis of resistant and sensitive genotypes. Plant Cell Environ 29:2143–2152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Qiu GY, Wang LM, He XH, Zhang XY, Chen SY, Chen J, Yang YH (2008) Water use efficiency and evapotranspiration of winter wheat and its response to irrigation regime in the North China plain. Agric For Meteorol 148:1848–1859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Robredo A, Pe’rez-Lo’pez U, Maza HS, Gonza’lez-Moro B, Lacuesta M (2007) Elevated CO2 alleviates the impact of drought on barley improving water status by lowering stomatal conductance and delaying its effects on photosynthesis. Environ Exp Bot 59:252–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Saliendra NZ, Meinzer FC, Perry M, Thom M (1996) Associations between partitioning of carboxylase activity and bundle sheath leakiness to CO2, carbon isotope discrimination, photosynthesis, and growth in sugarcane. J Exp Bot 47:907–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shahnazari A, Ahmadi SH, Laerke PE, Liu F, Plauborg F, Jacobsen SE, Jensen CR, Andersen MN (2008) Nitrogen dynamics in the soil–plant system under deficit and partial root-zone drying irrigation strategies in potatoes. Eur J Agron 28:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shangguan Z, Shao M, Dyckmans J (2000) Effects of nitrogen nutrition and water deficit on net photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence in winter wheat. J Plant Physiol 156:46–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shao G, Yuan M, Liu N, Ji J, Yu W (2015) Effect of rain shelters and drought on leaf water status and photosynthetic parameters in tomato. Arch Agron Soil Sci 61:1273–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tahi H, Wahbi S, Wakrim R, Aganchich B, Serraj R, Centritto M (2007) Water relations, photosynthesis, growth and water-use efficiency in tomato plants subjected to partial root zone drying and regulated deficit irrigation. Plant Biosyst 141:265–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Thomas DS, Carl JB, Graham DF, Eric LS (2007) Fitting photosynthetic carbon dioxide response curves for C3 leaves. Plant Cell Environ 30:1035–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang YS, Liu F, Andersen MN, Jensen CR (2010) Improved plant nitrogen nutrition contributes to higher water use efficiency in tomatoes under alternate partial root-zone irrigation. Funct Plant Biol 37:175–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang Z, Shaozhong K, Christian RJ, Fulai L (2012) Alternate partial root-zone irrigation reduces bundle-sheath cell leakage to CO2 and enhances photosynthetic capacity in maize leaves. J Exp Bot 63:1145–1153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. WRI (2005) Freshwater resources. World Resource Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  46. Xu L, Zhao TH, Hu YY, Shi Y (2008) Effects of CO2 enrichment on photosynthesis and grain yield of spring wheat. J Triticeae Crops 28:867–872 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  47. Xue QW, Zhu ZX, Musick JT, Stewart BA, Dusek DA (2006) Physiological mechanisms contributing to the increased water-use efficiency in winter wheat under deficit irrigation. J Plant Physiol 163:154–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ye ZP (2007) A new model for relationship between irradiance and the rate of photosynthesis in Oryza sativa. Photosynthetica 45(4):637–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ye ZP, Yu Q (2008) A coupled model of stomatal conductance and photosynthesis for winter wheat. Photosynthetica 46(4):637–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhao H, Dai TB, Jiang D, Jing Q, Cao WX (2007) Effects of drought and water logging on flag leaf post-anthesis photosynthetic characteristics and assimilates translocation in winter wheat under high temperature. Chin J Appl Ecol 18:333–338Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahzad Ali
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yueyue Xu
    • 2
  • Xiangcheng Ma
    • 2
  • Malak Henchiri
    • 1
  • Tie Cai
    • 2
  • Xiaolong Ren
    • 2
  • Jiahua Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhikuan Jia
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and Technology, Agricultural and Climate ChangingQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina
  2. 2.College of AgronomyNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina

Personalised recommendations