Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 6696–6705 | Cite as

Conversion of organic biomedical waste into value added product using green approach

  • Pooja M. Patil
  • Pranjali P. Mahamuni
  • Prem G. Shadija
  • Raghvendra A. BoharaEmail author
Research Article


Sustainable organic biomedical waste management is a difficult challenge as this has become one of the serious hazardous wastes. Improper disposal of organic biomedical waste can lead to direct and indirect transmission of diseases. In the present research, the organic biomedical waste samples (32 g blood swabs, 12 g dressing swabs, and 6 g used cotton) were treated with Azadirachta indica (“Neem”) and Nicotiana tabacum (“Tobacco”) extracts at various concentrations and kept for 96-h degradation, followed by evaluation of physicochemical parameters. The physicochemical results of organic biomedical waste like pH of the experimental sets were within the optimum range and there was 63.33% of decrease of TDS, 86.15% and 95.30% reduction of BOD and COD, respectively was observed at the end of 96 h. The residues were mixed with 1000 g soil to confirm their role as a potential fertilizer. The physicochemical parameters of soil sample F6 (neem+tobacco) show an excellent result among all. The phytochemical parameters of a plant were also enhanced as compared to control. The soil samples and the tomato plants were also not polluted by the heavy metals, they are within the limit given by WHO. The present study deals with the conversion of organic biomedical waste into potential fertilizer by using plant extracts which can purely be financially profitable to the farmer.


Biomedical waste Total dissolved solids Chemical oxygen demand Dissolved oxygen Electric conductivity Distilled water Azadirachta indica Nicotiana tabacum 



The funding agencies are highly acknowledged. Authors are also grateful to the district soil survey and soil testing office Kolhapur, Common effluent plant of Kagal five-star MIDC Kolhapur for their kind support for the completion of the article.

Funding information

The corresponding author is thankful for D. Y. Patil University for financial support (DYPU/R&D/190) and financial support from the Irish Research Council under the Government of Ireland Postdoctoral fellowship Grant GOIPD/2017/1283.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Interdisciplinary ResearchD.Y., Patil UniversityKolhapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Dr D.Y.Patil Medical CollegeD.Y.Patil UniversityKolhapurIndia
  3. 3.CURAM, Center for Research in Medical DevicesNational University of Ireland GalwayGalwayIreland

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