Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 5094–5110 | Cite as

Adsorption performance and mechanisms of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Mn(II) removal by a β-cyclodextrin derivative

  • Mengjiao Zhang
  • Liyun ZhuEmail author
  • Changhua He
  • Xiaojun Xu
  • Zhengyang Duan
  • Shuli Liu
  • Mingyao Song
  • Shumin Song
  • Jiemei Shi
  • Yu’e Li
  • Guangzhu Cao
Research Article


In this study, the novel adsorbent PVA-TA-βCD was synthesized via thermal cross-linking between polyvinyl alcohol and β-cyclodextrin. The characterization methods SEM-EDS, FTIR, and XPS were adopted to characterize the adsorbent. The effect of pH, contact time, initial concentrations, and temperature during the adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Mn(II) onto the PVA-TA-βCD was also investigated. In a single-component system, the data fitted well to pseudo-second-order, and film diffusion and intra-particle diffusion both played important roles in the adsorption process. As for isotherm study, it showed a heterogeneous adsorption capacity of 199.11, 116.52, and 90.28 mg g−1 for the Pb(II), Cd(II), and Mn(II), respectively. Competition between the ions existed in a multi-component system; however, owing to the stronger affinity of the PVA-TA-βCD for Pb(II) relative to Cd(II) and Mn(II), the Pb(II) adsorption onto the PVA-TA-βCD was less affected by the addition of the other metals, which could be effectively explained by the hard and soft acid and base theory (HSAB). Furthermore, PVA-TA-βCD showed good reusability throughout regeneration experiments.


Heavy metal Chelation Electrostatic attraction Adsorbent Multi-component Wastewater treatment 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 41562012).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mengjiao Zhang
    • 1
  • Liyun Zhu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Changhua He
    • 1
  • Xiaojun Xu
    • 1
  • Zhengyang Duan
    • 1
  • Shuli Liu
    • 1
  • Mingyao Song
    • 1
  • Shumin Song
    • 1
  • Jiemei Shi
    • 1
  • Yu’e Li
    • 1
  • Guangzhu Cao
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental Science and EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Faculty of Foreign Languages and CulturesKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Faculty of Land Resource EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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