Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4842–4854 | Cite as

Strategic differences in phosphorus stabilization by alum and dolomite amendments in calcareous and red soils

  • Bingqian Fan
  • Jue Wang
  • Owen Fenton
  • Karen Daly
  • Golnaz Ezzati
  • Qing ChenEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Surplus phosphorus (P) above agronomic requirements can negatively affect the water status of connected surface and subsurface water bodies. The in situ stabilization of soil P through soil amendment has been recognized as an efficient way to reduce this environmental pressure. However, the mechanism of how P is stabilized during this process and how plant available P is affected are unknown. This can be achieved by sequential chemical extraction and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy investigations. Therefore, in the present study, P-enriched calcareous and red soils were amended with alum, dolomite, and a 1:1 mixture of alum and dolomite (MAD) at a 20 g/kg soil rate, and soil properties and P fractions were measured after a 45-day period. Results showed that alum amendment significantly decreased CaCl2-P and Olsen-P contents in calcareous and red soils when compared with dolomite. However, dolomite incorporation maintained relatively high P availability and even increased CaCl2-P and Olsen-P contents by 1.32% and 40.5% in red soil, respectively, compared to control. Amendment with MAD was not as effectively as the alum in P stabilization. Sequential inorganic P extraction indicated that alum dominantly contributed labile P transformed to Al-P in both soils. P K-edge XANES spectroscopy measurements further explained that alum adsorbed phosphate in calcareous soil and precipitated phosphate as AlPO4 in red soil. Results of P fractionation and Mehlich-3-extracted Ca showed that dolomite mainly adsorbed loosely bound P in calcareous soil and red soil. However, dolomite incorporation in red soil led to Al-P and Fe-P release. The P sorption isotherms showed that dolomite and alum increased soil P sorption maxima and decreased the degree of P saturation (DPS) in both soils, while dolomite declined the Langmuir bonding energy in red soil. Differences in P stabilization by alum and dolomite addition across soil types were closely related to their characteristics, and soil properties changed, especially soil pH.

Keywords

Alum Dolomite P stabilization P sorption Calcareous soil Red soil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility technical support groups.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571281) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0801006).

References

  1. Adhami E, Maftoun M, Ronaghi A, Karimian N, Yasrebi J, Assad MT (2006) Inorganic phosphorus fraction of highly calcareous soils of Iran. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 37:1877–1888.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620600767116 Google Scholar
  2. Ballard R, Fiskell JG (1974) Phosphorus retention in coastal plain forest soils: I. Relationship to soil properties. Soil Sci Soc Am J 38:250–255.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1974.03615995003800020015x Google Scholar
  3. Bao SD (2010) Soil Agrochemical Analysis (3rd ed). China Agricultural Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  4. Barbanti A, Bergamini MC, Frascari F, Miserocchi S, Rosso G (1994) Critical aspects of sedimentary phosphorous chemical fractionation. J Environ Qual 23:1093–1102.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1994.00472425002300050035x Google Scholar
  5. Beauchemin S, Hesterberg D, Chou J, Beauchemin M, Simard RR, Sayers DE (2003) Speciation of phosphorus in phosphorus-enriched agricultural soils using X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy and chemical fractionation. J Environ Qual 32:1809–1819.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2003.1809 Google Scholar
  6. Borggaard OK, Raben-Lange B, Gimsing AL, Strobel BW (2005) Influence of humic substances on phosphate adsorption by aluminium and iron oxides. Geoderma 127(3–4):270–279.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.12.011 Google Scholar
  7. Brennan RB, Fenton O, Rodgers M, Healy MG (2011) Evaluation of chemical amendments to control phosphorus losses from dairy slurry. Soil Use Manage 27(2):238–246.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2011.00326.x Google Scholar
  8. Brennan RB, Wall DP, Fenton O, Grant J, Sharpley AN, Healy MG (2014) Impact of chemical amendment of dairy cattle slurry on soil phosphorus dynamics following application to five soils. Commun Soil Sci Plan Anal 45(16):2215–2233Google Scholar
  9. Carpenter SR (2005) Eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems: bistability and soil phosphorus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(9):1003–1005.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0503959102 Google Scholar
  10. Chang SC, Jackson ML (1957) Fractionation of soil phosphorus. Soil Sci 84:133–144Google Scholar
  11. Chen YSR, Butler JN, Stumm W (1973) Kinetic study of phosphate reaction with aluminium oxide and kaolinite. Environ Sci Technol 7(4):327–332Google Scholar
  12. Cooke GD, Welch EB, Martin AB, Fulmer DG, Hyde JB, Schrieve GD (1993) Effectiveness of Al, Ca, and Fe salts for control of internal phosphorus loading in shallow and deep lakes. Hydrobiologia 253(1–3):323–335.Google Scholar
  13. Daly K, Styles D, Lalor S, Wall DP (2015) Phosphorus sorption, supply potential and availability in soils with contrasting parent material and soil chemical properties. Eur J Soil Sci 66(4):792–801.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12260 Google Scholar
  14. Delhaize E, Ryan PR (1995) Aluminium toxicity and tolerance in plants. Plant Physiol 107(2):315–321Google Scholar
  15. Devau N, Hinsinger P, Cadre EL, Colomb B, Gerard F (2011) Fertilization and pH effects on processes and mechanisms controlling dissolved inorganic phosphorus in soils. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75(10):2980–2996.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.02.034
  16. Drever JI (1982) The geochemistry of natural waters. Prentice Hall, Inc, Englewoods CliffsGoogle Scholar
  17. Emil R (2000) Potentially mobile phosphorus in Lake Erken sediment. Water Res 34:2037–2042.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00375-9 Google Scholar
  18. Eslamian F, Qi Z, Tate MJ, Zhang TQ, Prasher SO (2018) Phosphorus loss mitigation in leachate and surface runoff from clay loam soil using four lime-based materials. Water Air Soil Pollut 229(3):97.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-018-3750-0 Google Scholar
  19. Fenton O, Kirwan L, Huallacháin DÓ, Healy MG (2012) The effectiveness and feasibility of using ochre as a soil amendment to sequester dissolved reactive phosphorus in runoff. Water Air Soil Pollut 223(3):1249–1261.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-011-0941-3 Google Scholar
  20. Fink JR, Inda AV, Tiecher T, Barron V (2016) Iron oxides and organic matter on soil phosphorus availability. Ciênc Agrotec 40(4):369–379.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-70542016404023016 Google Scholar
  21. Fischer P, Pöthig R, Venohr M (2017) The degree of phosphorus saturation of agricultural soils in Germany: current and future risk of diffuse P loss and implications for soil P management in Europe. Sci Total Environ 599–600:1130–1139.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.143 Google Scholar
  22. Gérard F (2016) Clay minerals, iron/aluminium oxides, and their contribution to phosphate sorption in soils—a myth revisited. Geoderma 262:213–226.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.08.036 Google Scholar
  23. Gichangi EM, Mnkeni PNS, Brookes PC (2009) Effects of goat manure and inorganic phosphate addition on soil inorganic and microbial biomass phosphorus fractions under laboratory incubation conditions. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 55:764–771.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2009.00415x Google Scholar
  24. Haynes RJ (1982) Effects of liming on phosphate availability in acid soils. Plant Soil 68(3):289–308.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02197935 Google Scholar
  25. Huang L, Moore PA, Kleinman PJ, Elkin KR, Savin MC, Pote DH, Edwards DR (2016) Reducing phosphorus runoff and leaching from poultry litter with alum: twenty-year small plot and paired-watershed studies. J Environ Qual 45(4):1413–1420.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2015.09.0482 Google Scholar
  26. Indiati R, Neri U, Sharpley AN, Fernandes ML (1999) Extractability of added phosphorus in short-term equilibration tests of Portuguese soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 30:1807–1818.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629909370333 Google Scholar
  27. Jenkins D, Ferguson JF, Menar AB (1971) Chemical processes for phosphate removal. Water Res 5:369–389.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(71)90001-7 Google Scholar
  28. Jiang BF, Gu YC (1989) A suggested fractionation scheme of inorganic phosphorus in calcareous soils. Fertilizer Res 20:159–165Google Scholar
  29. Juo ASR, Fox RL (1977) Phosphate sorption characteristics of some benchmark of West Africa. Soil Sci 124:370–376.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-197712000-00010 Google Scholar
  30. Khan KS, Joergensen RG (2009) Changes in microbial biomass and P fractions in biogenic household waste compost amended with inorganic P fertilizers. Bioresour Technol 100:303–309.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.002 Google Scholar
  31. Khsawneh FE (1980) The role of soil phosphorus in agriculture. ASA-CSSA-SSSA, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  32. Kleinman PJA, Sharpley AN, Buda AR, McDowell RW, Allen AL (2011) Soil controls of phosphorus in runoff: management barriers and opportunities. Can J Soil Sci 91(3):329–338.  https://doi.org/10.4141/CJSS09106 Google Scholar
  33. Kruse J, Abraham M, Amelung W, Baum C, Bol R, Kühn O, Lewandowski H, Niederberger J, Oelmann Y, Rüger C, Santner J, Siebers M, Siebers N, Spohn M, Vestergren J, Vogts A, Leinweber P (2015) Innovative methods in soil phosphorus research: a review. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 178(1):43–88.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201400327 Google Scholar
  34. Kuo S (1996) Phosphorus. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of soil analysis: chemical methods. Part 3. SSSA No.5. ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, pp 869–919Google Scholar
  35. Lewandowski J, Schauser I, Hupfer M (2003) Long term effects of phosphorus precipitations with alum in hypereutrophic lake susser see (Germany). Water Res 37(13):3194–3204.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00137-4 Google Scholar
  36. Li XH (1994) Soil chemical and experimental instruction. China Agricultural Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  37. Li FL, Zeng RQ, Wei TJ, Li Y, Lin XL, Wu Y, Qian XJ, Yang ZY, Zheng T, Zhang SQ (2017) Change of runoff nitrogen and phosphorus content: mountain orchard of Guanxi pomelo in Pinghe. Chin Sci Bull 33(27):117–123Google Scholar
  38. Liang B, Kang LY, Ren T, Li JL, Chen Q, Wang JG (2015) The impact of exogenous N supply on soluble organic nitrogen dynamics and nitrogen balance in a greenhouse vegetable system. J Environ Manag 154:351–357.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.02.045 Google Scholar
  39. Mcdowell RW, Sharpley AN, Condron LM, Haygarth PM, Brookes PC (2001) Processes controlling soil phosphorus release to runoff and implications for agricultural management. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 59(3):269–284Google Scholar
  40. Mehlich A (1984) Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: a modification of Mehlich 2 extractant. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 15:1409–1416.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628409367568 Google Scholar
  41. Miyittah MK, Stanley CD, Mackowiak C, Rhue DR, Rechcigl JE (2011) Developing a remediation strategy for phosphorus immobilization: effect of co-blending, Al-residual and Ca-Mg amendments in a manure-impacted spodosol. Soil Sediment Contam 20(4):337–352.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15320383.2011.571310 Google Scholar
  42. Moore PA Jr, Daniel TC, Edwards DR (1998) Reducing phosphorus runoff and improving poultry production with alum. Poult Sci 78(5):692–698Google Scholar
  43. Moore PA, Miller DM (1994) Decreasing phosphorus solubility in poultry litter with aluminium, calcium, and iron amendments. J Environ Qual 23(2):325–330Google Scholar
  44. Mulqueen J, Rodgers M, Scally P (2004) Phosphorus transfer from soil to surface waters. Agric Water Manag 68(1):91–105.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2004.10.006 Google Scholar
  45. Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal Chim Acta 27(00):31–36Google Scholar
  46. Novak JM, Watts DW (2005) An alum-based water treatment residual can reduce extractable phosphorus concentrations in three phosphorus-enriched coastal plain soils. J Environ Qual 34(5):1820–1827.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2004.0479 Google Scholar
  47. Olsen SR, Flowerday AD (1971) Fertilizer phosphorus interactions in alkaline soils. Infertilizer Technology and UseGoogle Scholar
  48. Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939:1–19Google Scholar
  49. Paulter MC, Sims JT (2000) Relationship between soil test P, soluble P and P saturation in Delaware soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64(2):765–733.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2000.642765x Google Scholar
  50. Penn CJ, Bowen JM (2018) Phosphorus sorption materials (PSMs): the heart of the phosphorus removal structure. Chapter 4 In: Design and Construction of Phosphorus Removal Structures for Improving Water Quality. Springer International Publishing.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58658-8_4
  51. Powers SM, Bruulsema TW, Burt TP, Chan NL, Elser JJ, Haygarth PM, Howden NJK, Jarvie HP, Peterson HM, Shen JB, Worrall F, Zhang FS, Lyu Y, Sharpley AN (2016) Long-term accumulation and transport of anthropogenic phosphorus in three river basins. Nat Geosci 9:353–356.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2693 Google Scholar
  52. Ruiz JM, Delgado A, Torrent J (1997) Iron-related phosphorous in over fertilized European soils. J Environ Qual 26:1548–1554.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1997.00472425002600060014x Google Scholar
  53. Sattaria SZ, Bouwman AF, Gillera KE, van Ittersum MK (2012) Residual soil phosphorus as the missing piece in the global phosphorus crisis puzzle. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109:6348–6453.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1113675109 Google Scholar
  54. Schofield R (1955) Can a precise meaning be given to “available” soil phosphorus. Soils Fert 18:373–375Google Scholar
  55. Scholl LV, Keltjens WG, Hofflannd E, Breemen NV (2004) Effects of ectomycorrhizal colonization on the up take of Ca, Mg, and Al by Pinus sylvestris under aluminium toxicity. For Ecol Manag 215:252–260Google Scholar
  56. Schulte RPO, Melland A, Fenton O, Herlihy M, Richards KG, Jordan P (2010) Modelling soil phosphorus decline: expectations of water frame work directive policies. Environ Sci Pol 13:472–484.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2010.06.002 Google Scholar
  57. Sharpley AN, Jarvie HP, Buda A, May L, Spears B, Kleinman P (2013) Phosphorus legacy: overcoming the effects of past management practices to mitigate future water quality impairment. J Environ Qual 42:1308–1326.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2013.03.0098 Google Scholar
  58. Sharpley AN, Bergström L, Aronsson H, Bechmann M, Bolster CH, Borling K, Djodjic F, Jarvie HP, Schoumans OF, Stamm S, Tonderski KS, Ulen B, Uusitalo R, Withers PJA (2015) Future agriculture with minimized phosphorus losses to waters: research needs and direction. Ambio 44(2):163–179.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-014-0612-x Google Scholar
  59. Simonsson M, Östlund A, Renfjäll L, Christian S, Borjesson G, Thomas K (2018) Pools and solubility of soil phosphorus as affected by liming in long-term agricultural field experiments. Geoderma 315:208–219.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.11.019 Google Scholar
  60. Tunesi S, Poggi V, Gessa C (1999) Phosphate adsorption and precipitation in calcareous soils: the role of calcium ions in solution and carbonate minerals. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 53(3):219–227Google Scholar
  61. Van Reeuwijk LP (1995) Procedures for soil analyses, 5th edn. International Soil Reference and Information Centre, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  62. Villapando RR, Graetz DA (2001) Phosphorus sorption and desorption properties of the spodic horizon from selected Florida Spodosols. Soil Sci Soc Am J 65:331–339.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2001.652331x Google Scholar
  63. Wall DP, Jordan P, Melland AR, Mellander PE, Mechan S, Shortle G (2013) Forecasting the decline of excess soil phosphorus in agricultural catchments. Soil Use Manage 29:147–154.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00413.x Google Scholar
  64. Wang YL, Tang JW, Zhang HL, Schroder JL, He YQ (2014) Phosphorus availability and sorption as affected by long-term fertilization. Agron J 106(5):1583–1592.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj14.0059 Google Scholar
  65. Westermann DT (1992) Lime effects on phosphorus availability in a calcareous soil. Soil Sci Soc Am J 56(2):489–494.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600020024x Google Scholar
  66. Withers PJA, van Dijk KC, Neset TSS, Nesme T, Oenema O, Rubæk GH, Schoumans OF, Smit B, Pellerin S (2015) Stewardship to tackle global phosphorus inefficiency: the case of Europe. Ambio 44:S193–S206.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-014-0614-8 Google Scholar
  67. Withers PJA, Hodgkinson RA, Rollett A, Dyer C, Dils R, Collins AL, Bilsborrow PE, Bailey G, Bradley RS (2017) Reducing soil phosphorus fertility brings potential long-term environmental gains: a UK analysis. Environ Res Lett 12:063001.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa69fc Google Scholar
  68. Xu D, Xu J, Muhammad A (2006) Studies on the phosphorus sorption capacity of substrates used in constructed wetland systems. Chemosphere 63:344–352.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.036 Google Scholar
  69. Yan ZJ, Liu PP, Li YH, Ma L, Alva A, Dou ZX, Chen Q, Zhang FS (2013) Phosphorus in china's intensive vegetable production systems: overfertilization, soil enrichment, and environmental implications. J Environ Qual 42(4):982.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2012.0463 Google Scholar
  70. Yan ZJ, Chen S, Dari B, Sihi D, Chen Q (2018) Phosphorus transformation response to soil properties changes induced by manure application in a calcareous soil. Geoderma 322:163–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.02.035 Google Scholar
  71. Yang JC, Wang ZG, Zhou J, Jiang HM, Zhang JF, Pan P, Han Z, Lu C, Li LL, Ge CL (2012) Inorganic phosphorus fractionation and its translocation dynamic in a low-P soil. J Environ Radioact 112:64–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2012.03.011 Google Scholar
  72. Yang LQ, Huang B, Mao MC, Yao LP, Niedermann S, Hu WY, Chen Y (2016) Sustainability assessment of greenhouse vegetable farming practices from environmental, economic, and socio-institutional perspectives in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(17):287–297.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6937-1 Google Scholar
  73. Zak D, Gelbrecht J, Steinberg CEW (2004) Phosphorus retention at the redox interface of peatlands adjacent to surface waters in Northeast Germany. Biogeochemistry 70(3):357–368.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-003-0895-7 Google Scholar
  74. Zhang WL, Wu SX, Ji HJ, Kolbe H (2004) Estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China and the alleviating strategies I. estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China in early 21 century. Sci Agric Sin 37:1008–1017Google Scholar
  75. Zheng L, Zhao YD, Tang K, Ma CY, Hong CH, Han Y, Cui MQ, Guo ZY (2014) A new experiment station on beamline 4B7A at Beijing synchrotron radiation facility. Spectrochim Acta 101:1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sab.2014.07.006 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bingqian Fan
    • 1
  • Jue Wang
    • 1
  • Owen Fenton
    • 2
  • Karen Daly
    • 2
  • Golnaz Ezzati
    • 2
  • Qing Chen
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Farmyard Soil Pollution Prevention-Control and Remediation, College of Resources and Environmental SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Teagasc, Environmental Research CentreWexfordIreland
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Nutrition Resources Integrated UtilizationLinyiChina

Personalised recommendations