Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4690–4702 | Cite as

Kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption of ciprofloxacin by activated carbon produced from Jerivá (Syagrus romanzoffiana)

  • Caroline de Oliveira Carvalho
  • Daniel Lucas Costa Rodrigues
  • Éder Cláudio Lima
  • Cibele Santanna Umpierres
  • Diana Fernanda Caicedo Chaguezac
  • Fernando Machado MachadoEmail author
Research Article


High specific surface area activated carbon prepared from endocarp of Jerivá (Syagrus romanzoffiana) (ACJ) was used for ciprofloxacin (CIP) antibiotic removal from aqueous effluents. The activated carbon (AC) was characterized via scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, N2 adsorption/desorption, and pH value at the zero-charge point. Avrami kinetic model was the one that best fit the experimental results in comparison to the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The equilibrium data obeyed the Liu isotherm equation, showing a maximum adsorption capacity of 335.8 mg g−1 at 40 °C. The calculated thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption of CIP was spontaneous and endothermic at all studied temperatures. Also, the free enthalpy changes (∆H° = 3.34 kJ mol−1) suggested physical adsorption between CIP and ACJ. Simulated effluents were utilized to check the potential of the ACJ for wastewater purification. The highly efficient features enable the activated carbon prepared from endocarp of Jerivá, an attractive carbon adsorbent, to remove ciprofloxacin from wastewaters.


Emerging contaminants Activated carbon Adsorption Ciprofloxacin Nonlinear isotherm fitting Mesoporous structure 



We are grateful to Centro de Microscopia Eletrônica da Zona Sul (CEME SUL–FURG) for the use of the SEM microscope. We are also grateful to Chemaxon for giving us an academic research license for the Marvin Sketch software, Version 18.23.0, (, 2018, used for molecule physical-chemical properties.

Funding information

This study received financial support from the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS, Process 17/2551-0001074-4), and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Brazil).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3954_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2048 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline de Oliveira Carvalho
    • 1
  • Daniel Lucas Costa Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Éder Cláudio Lima
    • 2
  • Cibele Santanna Umpierres
    • 2
  • Diana Fernanda Caicedo Chaguezac
    • 2
  • Fernando Machado Machado
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Technology Development CenterFederal University of PelotasPelotasBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of ChemistryFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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