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Characteristic of adsorption cadmium of red soil amended with a ferromanganese oxide-biochar composite

  • Qiwen Zhou
  • Bohan Liao
  • Lina Lin
  • Zhengguo SongEmail author
  • Zulqarnain Haider Khan
  • Ming Lei
Research Article
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

The increasing scarcity of arable land necessitates the development of effective decontamination techniques to re-gain contaminated areas and make them suitable for agricultural and other activities. Herein, we prepare a ferromanganese binary oxide-biochar composite (FMBC) and compare its potential for remediating Cd-contaminated red soil with that of biochar (BC), showing that (i) the obtained adsorption data are well described by the Langmuir model and (ii) Cd adsorption capacity increases with increasing adsorbent dosage. Specifically, the Cd adsorption capacity of FMBC-amended soil (6.72 mg g−1) is demonstrated to significantly exceed that of BC-amended red soil (4.85 mg g−1) and that of the control (2.28 mg g−1) and increases with increasing temperature and pH, while the results of instrumental analyses indicate that Cd sorption on the soil surface occurs via the formation of CdO and Cd(OH)2. Thus, FMBCs are concluded to play an important role in the adsorption of Cd, having the potential to prevent red soil acidification and improve soil quality, and are found to be promising remediation materials for mitigating the risks posed by Cd-contaminated red soil.

Keywords

Fe-Mn oxide-biochar composite (FMBC) Cd(II) Adsorption Red soil Mechanism 

Notes

Funding information

The authors were financially supported by the National Science Foundation of China (41771525) and Central Public Research Institutes Basic Funds for Research and Development (Grant No. Y2017JC10).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3942_MOESM1_ESM.docx (116 kb)
Figure S1 (DOCX 116 kb)
11356_2018_3942_MOESM2_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Table S1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Agro-Environmental Protection InstituteMinistry of Agriculture of ChinaTianjinChina
  3. 3.Hunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina

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