Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3226–3242 | Cite as

Microalgal biomass production through phycoremediation of fresh market wastewater and potential applications as aquaculture feeds

  • Najeeha Mohd Apandi
  • Radin Maya Saphira Radin MohamedEmail author
  • Adel Al-GheethiEmail author
  • Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim
Review Article


Microalgal biomass produced from the phycoremediation of wastewater represents an important protein source, lipids, and natural antioxidants and bioproducts. Therefore, the microalgal biomass and their derived compounds are used in animal and aquaculture feed as well as human nutrition and health products. Many microalgal species have shown promising potential for many bioproducts. However, significant processes to find the optimum quality and quantity of microalgal biomass are still required especially when it is used as a replacement for aquaculture feed. The limitations lie in the selection of microalgal species and their production. The present review discusses the potential generation of bioproducts from microalgal biomass resulting from the phycoremediation of wet market wastewater. The consortium approach in wastewater treatment and the comparison between biomass production and available common feeds for aquaculture were reviewed.


Microalgae Aquaculture feeds Wet market wastewater Phycoremediation 



Harmful algal blooms


Total phosphorus


Total nitrogen


Total organic carbon


Supercritical carbon dioxide


Chemical oxygen demand


Biological oxygen demand


Oil and grease



The Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MOSTI) support this research under E-Science Fund (02-01-13-SF0135) and also the Research Management Centre (RMC) UTHM under grant IGSP U682 for this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)Batu PahatMalaysia

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