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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4703–4716 | Cite as

Amendment of Caulerpa sertularioides marine alga with sulfur-containing materials to accelerate Cu removal from aqueous media

  • Bahman RamavandiEmail author
  • Sina Dobaradaran
  • Fatemeh Papari
  • George A. SorialEmail author
  • Ahmad Ebrahimi
  • Leila Madeh Khaksar
  • Samad Akbarzadeh
  • Seyedenayat Hashemi
  • Fatemeh Teimori
Research Article
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

This study reports a new approach of alga amendment in a live mode. The Caulerpa sertularioides alga was modified with sulfur-containing materials of methionine (C5H11NO2S) and sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) to more concentrate the sulfur content of the yielded biomass (adsorbent). The simple and amended C. sertularioides alga was fully characterized with FTIR, SEM, EDX, BET, BJH, and pHzpc techniques. The copper adsorption from aqueous media was done by three adsorbents of C. sertularioides-simple (CSS), C. sertularioides-Na2SO4 (CSN), and C. sertularioides-C5H11NO2S (CSC). The parameters of pH (2–6), adsorbent dosage (2–10 g/L), and contact time (3–80 min) were optimized at 5, 5 g/L, and 60 min, respectively. According to Langmuir isotherm (the best-fitted model), the maximum adsorption capacity of CSN (98.04 mg/g) was obtained 2.4 times higher than CSC (40.73 mg/g) and 9.5 times higher than CSS (10.29 mg/g). The Cu adsorption process by the adsorbents was best-fitted pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The CSN, CSC, and CSS biomasses were successfully reused 5, 4, and 4 times, respectively. The thermodynamic study revealed that the copper adsorption process by CSN is exothermic and non-spontaneous. Finally, the suitability of adsorbents prepared from algae was tested by cleaning a simulated wastewater.

Keywords

Copper adsorption Caulerpa sertularioides Simulated wastewater Methionine Sodium sulfate Reusability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Bushehr University of Medical Sciences for funding this research (grant no. BPUMS-h-09).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Health Engineering Department, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  2. 2.Systems Environmental Health and Energy Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research InstituteBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of MedicalSciencesBushehrIran
  4. 4.The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research InstituteBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  5. 5.Department of Chemical EngineeringIslamic Azad University, Bushehr BranchBushehrIran
  6. 6.Environmental Engineering Program, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied ScienceUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  7. 7.HSE DepartmentNational Petrochemical CompanyTehranIran
  8. 8.Department of Biochemistry, The Persian Gulf Biotechnology Research CenterBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran

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