Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3946–3953 | Cite as

Levels of heavy metals in a multifloral Saudi honey

  • Abdulqader Y. Bazeyad
  • Ali S. Al-Sarar
  • Ahmed I. Rushdi
  • Ashraf S. Hassanin
  • Yasser AbobakrEmail author
Research Article


The presence of chemical pollutants, especially heavy metals, affects the quality of honey. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of eight heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in honey samples from Al-Baha region in Saudi Arabia, using inductively coupled plasma with optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The highest concentration was found for Zn (1707.93 μg kg−1), while the lowest was found for Co (3.04 μg kg−1). Cluster analysis and principal component analysis showed that two groups are recognized indicating two different metal sources. The first group includes only Zn and the second group includes the rest of the metals. In view of the recommended and established heavy metal intakes for humans, consumption of Saudi honey from Al-Baha should not be deemed a matter of concern for human health.


Honey Heavy metals ICP-OES Cluster analysis Saudi Arabia 



The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this work through research group no (RG-1440-28).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.ETAL Consulting and ServicesCorvallisUSA
  3. 3.College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric SciencesOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  4. 4.Central Laboratory of Residue Analysis of Pesticides and Heavy Metals in Food (QCAP), Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  5. 5.Plant Protection Research Institute, Sabahia Research Station, Agricultural Research CenterAlexandriaEgypt

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