Advertisement

Induction of hydrogen, hydroxy, and LPG with ethanol in a common SI engine: a comparison of performance and emission characteristics

  • Md. Atiqur Rahman
Research Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

In this investigation, performance and emission characteristics for enhancing LPG, hydrogen, and hydroxy with E20 were evaluated for the understanding of which fuel combination performs better in a gasoline engine. In the upper sequence, hydroxy-hydrogen-LPG could perform best in terms of brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC). The induction of gaseous fuel improves CO, CO2, and HC emission but increases the NOx emission. More concisely, the enhancement of hydroxy with E20 shows the best engine performance for highest BTE while lowest BSFC as well as lowest exhaust emissions (CO, HC, except NOx).

Keywords

LPG Hydrogen Hydroxy SI engine Performance Emission 

Abbreviations

HHO

Hydroxy gas

BP

Brake power

E20

20% (v/v) ethanol + 80% (v/v) gasoline

BSFC

Brake-specific fuel consumption

BTE

Brake thermal efficiency

HC

Unburned hydrocarbon

NOx

Nitrogen oxides

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas

lpm

Liter per minute

Notes

Funding information

The authors would like to acknowledge the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Bangladesh, for the partial financial support through the research program.

References

  1. Akansu SO, Tangöz S, Kahraman N, İlhak Mİ, Açıkgöz S (2017) Experimental study of gasoline-ethanol-hydrogen blends combustion in an SI engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:25781–25790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Baghdadi MAS (2003) Hydrogen-ethanol blending as an alternative fuel of spark ignition engines. Renew Energy 28:1471–1478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bose PK, Maji D (2009) An experimental investigation on engine performance and emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine using hydrogen as inducted fuel and diesel as injected fuel with exhaust gas recirculation. Int J Hydrog Energy 34:4847–4854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brayek M, Jemni MA, Kantchev G, Abid MS (2016) Effect of hydrogen–oxygen mixture addition on exhaust emissions and performance of a spark ignition engine. Arab J Sci Eng 41:4635–4642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cetin M (2011) The emission of characteristics LPG-ethanol blend as a fuel in a SI engine. Energy Educ Sci Technol Part A-Energy Sci Res 28:151–160Google Scholar
  6. Chansauria P, Mandloi RK (2018) Effects of ethanol blends on performance of spark ignition engine-a review. Mater Today Proc 5:4066–4077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chitragar PR, Shivaprasad KV, Nayak V et al (2015) An experimental study on combustion and emission analysis of four cylinder 4-stroke gasoline engine using pure hydrogen and LPG at idle condition. Energy Procedia 90:525–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Costa RC, Sodré JR (2010) Hydrous ethanol vs. gasoline-ethanol blend: engine performance and emissions. Fuel 89:287–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. De Almeida LQ, Sales LCM, Sodré JR (2015) Fuel consumption and emissions from a vehicle operating with ethanol, gasoline and hydrogen produced on-board. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:6988–6994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dhanasekaran C, Mohankumar G (2016) Dual fuel mode DI diesel engine combustion with hydrogen gas and DEE as ignition source. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:713–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. El-kassaby MM, Eldrainy YA, Khidr ME, Khidr KI (2016) Effect of hydroxy ( HHO ) gas addition on gasoline engine performance and emissions. Alexandria Eng J 55:243–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Eyidogan M, Ozsezen AN, Canakci M, Turkcan A (2010) Impact of alcohol-gasoline fuel blends on the performance and combustion characteristics of an SI engine. Fuel 89:2713–2720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Falahat AM, Hamdan MA, Yamin JA (2014) Engine performance powered by a mixture of hydrogen. Int J Automot Technol 15:97–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Greenwood JB, Erickson PA, Hwang J, Jordan EA (2014) Experimental results of hydrogen enrichment of ethanol in an ultra-lean internal combustion engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:12980–12990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heywood JB (1988) Internal combustion engine fundamentals. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Holman J (1973) Experimental methods for engineers. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Ji C, Zhang B, Wang S (2013) Enhancing the performance of a spark-ignition methanol engine with hydrogen addition. Int J Hydrog Energy 38:7490–7498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Karagoz Y, Yuca N, Sandalci T, Dalkilic AS (2015) Effect of hydrogen and oxygen addition as a mixture on emissions and performance characteristics of a gasoline engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:8750–8760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kremer FG, Fachetti A (2000) Alcohol as automotive fuel - Brazilian experience. In: SAE technical paper. pp 2000–01–1965Google Scholar
  20. Kumar M, Ramesh A, Nagalingam B (2003) Use of hydrogen to enhance the performance of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 28:1143–1154Google Scholar
  21. Mustafa KF, Gitano-Briggs H (2009) Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as an alternative fuel in spark ignition engine: performance and emission characteristics. 3rd Int Conf Energy Environ, pp 189–194Google Scholar
  22. Nayak V, Rashmi GS, Chitragar P, Mohanan P (2015) Combustion characteristics and cyclic variation of a LPG fuelled MPFI four cylinder gasoline engine. Energy Procedia 90:470–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rahman MA, Aziz MA, Ruhul AM, Rashid MM (2017a) Biodiesel production process optimization from Spirulina maxima microalgae and performance investigation in a diesel engine. J Mech Sci Technol 31:3025–3033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rahman MA, Ruhul AM, Aziz MA, Ahmed R (2017b) Experimental exploration of hydrogen enrichment in a dual fuel CI engine with exhaust gas recirculation. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:5400–5409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shivaprasad KV, Raviteja S, Chitragar P (2014) Experimental investigation of the effect of hydrogen addition on combustion performance and emissions characteristics of a spark ignition high speed gasoline engine. Procedia Technol 14:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thakur AK, Kaviti AK, Mehra R, Mer KKS (2017) Progress in performance analysis of ethanol-gasoline blends on SI engine. Renew Sust Energ Rev 69:324–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Turner D, Xu H, Cracknell RF, Natarajan V, Chen X (2011) Combustion performance of bio-ethanol at various blend ratios in a gasoline direct injection engine. Fuel 90:1999–2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang S, Ji C, Zhang J, Zhang B (2011) Comparison of the performance of a spark-ignited gasoline engine blended with hydrogen and hydrogen-oxygen mixtures. Energy 36:5832–5837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang S, Ji C, Zhang B, Liu X (2012) Performance of a hydroxygen-blended gasoline engine at different hydrogen volume fractions in the hydroxygen. Int J Hydrog Energy 37:13209–13218CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bangladesh Power Development Board, Power DivisionMinistry of Power, Energy and Mineral ResourcesDhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations