Advertisement

Synthesis and characterization of eco-friendly cellulose beads for copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions

  • Najeh Maaloul
  • Paula Oulego
  • Manuel RenduelesEmail author
  • Achraf Ghorbal
  • Mario Díaz
Advances in Water and Wastewater Pollutant Elimination
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, novel cellulose-bead-based biosorbents (CBBAS) were successfully synthesized from almond shell using a simple three-step process: (i) dissolution of bleached almond shell in ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride), (ii) coagulation of cellulose-ionic liquid solution in water and (iii) freeze-drying. Their morphological, structural and physicochemical properties were thoroughly characterized. These biomaterials exhibited a 3D-macroporous structure with interconnected pores, which provided a high number of adsorption sites. It should be noted that CBBAS biosorbents were efficiently employed for the removal of copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions, showing high adsorption capacity: 128.24 mg g−1. The biosorption equilibrium data obtained were successfully fitted to the Sips model and the kinetics were suitably described by the pseudo-second-order model. Besides, CBBAS biosorbents can be easily separated from the solution for their subsequent reuse, and thus, they represent a method for the removal of copper (II) from aqueous solutions that is not only eco-friendly but also economical.

Keywords

Adsorption isotherms biosorbents bleached almond shell eco-friendly kinetics novel cellulose beads 

Abbreviations

aT

Toth isotherm constant (mg L−1)

BET

Brunauer–Emmett Teller

BJH

Barrett–Joyner–Halenda

BTC

Breakthrough curve

C

Boundary layer thickness constant, (mg g−1)

C0

Initial concentration, (mg L−1)

CBBAS

Cellulose beads from bleached almond shell

Ce

Equilibrium concentration, (mg L−1)

Ct

Heavy metal concentration at time t, (mg L−1)

DTG

Derivative thermogravimetric analysis

E

Mean free energy of adsorption for each molecule of the adsorbate, (kJ mol−1)

FTIR

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy

I(020)

Peak intensity of the crystalline part, dimensionless

Iam

Counter reading at a peak intensity of the amorphous material, dimensionless

ICP-MS

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer

k1

Rate constant of the pseudo-first kinetic model, (min−1)

k2

Rate constant of the pseudo-second kinetic model, (g mg−1 min−1)

KD-R

Dubinin–Radushkevich constant related to the sorption energy, (mol2 kJ−2)

KF

Freundlich constant, (mg g−1) (L mg−1)1/nF

KL

Langmuir isotherm constant, (L g−1)

Kp

Intraparticle diffusion rate constant, (mg g−1 min−0.5)

KR

Redlich–Peterson isotherm constant, (L mg−1)

KS

Affinity constant of Sips model, (L mg−1)

KT

Toth isotherm constant (L mg−1)

N

Number of experimental data, dimensionless

nF

Heterogeneity factor of Freundlich model, dimensionless

nS

Sips parameter related to the heterogeneity of the adsorption system, dimensionless

nt

Heterogeneity factor of Toth model, dimensionless

pHPZC

Point zero charge, dimensionless

qcal

Calculated value of metal adsorbed, (mg g−1)

qD-R

Adsorption capacity in the Dubinin–Radushkevich model, (mg g−1)

qe

Equilibrium adsorption capacity, (mg g−1)

qe,calc

Calculated amount of adsorbed Cu(II) ion at equilibrium, (mg g−1)

qe,exp

Experimental amount of adsorbed Cu(II) ion at equilibrium, (mg g−1)

qexp

Experimental value of metal adsorbed, (mg g−1)

qm

Maximum adsorption capacity in the Sips model, (mg g−1)

qmax

Maximum adsorption capacity of the adsorbent, (mg g−1)

qR,max

Adsorption capacity of the regenerated adsorbents, (mg g−1)

qt

Adsorbed amount of Cu(II) ions at a given time, t (mg g−1)

R

Universal gas constant, (8.314 J mol−1 K−1)

R2

Coefficient of determination, dimensionless

RE

Removal efficiency, (%)

RL

Type of Langmuir isotherm, dimensionless

SBET

BET surface areas, (m2 g−1)

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SR

Swelling ratio, (%wt)

t

Time, (min)

T

Absolute temperature, (K)

TGA

Thermogravimetric analysis

V

Volume of the solution, (mL)

W0

Mass of beads in the initial dried state, (g)

WS

Mass of the beads in swollen state, (g)

χ2

Reduced chi-square error, dimensionless

XRD

X-ray diffraction

β

Redlich–Peterson isotherm exponent, dimensionless

ε

Dubinin−Radushkevich adsorption potential, (kJ mol−1)

ΔpH

Difference between initial pH and final pH, dimensionless

Notes

Acknowledgements

Technical assistance from the Scientific-Technical Services of the University of Oviedo is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3812_MOESM1_ESM.docx (115 kb)
ESM 1 N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms of BAS and CBBAS is depicted in Fig. A1; determination of the pHPZC value of CBBAS adsorbent is presented in Fig. A2 and adsorption–desorption cycles of CBBAS adsorbent are shown in Fig. A3. (DOCX 115 kb)

References

  1. Agarwal S, Rajoria P, Rani A (2017) Adsorption of tannic acid from aqueous solution onto chitosan/NaOH/fly ash composites: equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics and modeling. J Environ Chem Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.11.075
  2. Al-duri B (1995) A review in equilibrium in single and multicomponent liquid adsorption. Rev Chem Eng 11(2):101–144.  https://doi.org/10.1515/REVCE.1995.11.2.101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alimohammady M, Jahangiri M, Kiani F, Tahermansouri H (2017) Highly efficient simultaneous adsorption of Cd (II), Hg (II) and As (III) ions from aqueous solutions by modification of graphene oxide with 3-aminopyrazole: central composite design. New J Chem:32–36.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ01450C
  4. Al-saydeh SA, El-naas MH, Zaidi SJ (2017) Copper removal from industrial wastewater: a comprehensive review. J Ind Eng Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2017.07.026
  5. Amarasekara AS, Hasan MA, Ha U (2016) A two step method for the preparation of carbamate cross-linked cellulose films using an ionic liquid and their water retention properties. Carbohydr Polym 154:8–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.08.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. APHA/AWWA/WEF (1998) Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater, 20th edn. APHA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Araújo CST, Almeida ILS, Rezende HC, Marcionilio SMLO, Léon JJL, de Matos TN (2018) Elucidation of mechanism involved in adsorption of Pb(II) onto lobeira fruit (Solanum lycocarpum) using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms. Microchem J 137:348–354.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2017.11.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Banerjee M, Bar N, Basu RK, Das SK (2017) Comparative study of adsorptive removal of Cr (VI) ion from aqueous solution in fixed bed column by peanut shell and almond shell using empirical models and ANN. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(11):10604–10620.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8582-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Banerjee M, Basu RK, Das SK (2018a) Cu(II) removal using green adsorbents: kinetic modeling and plant scale-up design. Environ Sci Pollut Res:1–15.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1930-5
  10. Banerjee M, Bar N, Basu RK, Das SK (2018b) Removal of Cr(VI) from its aqueous solution using green adsorbent pistachio shell: a fixed bed column study and GA-ANN modeling. Water Conserv Sci Eng 3:19–31.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41101-017-0039-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Barndõk H, Hermosilla D, Negro C, Blanco Á (2018) Comparison and predesign cost assessment of different advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of 1,4-dioxane-containing wastewater from the chemical industry. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:5888–5894.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b04234 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barrett EP, Joyner LG, Halenda PP (1951) The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. Computations from nitrogen isotherms. J Am Chem Soc 73:373–380.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01145a126 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bartoňová L, Ruppenthalová L, Ritz M (2017) Adsorption of Naphthol Green B on unburned carbon: 2- and 3-parameter linear and non-linear equilibrium modelling. Chin J Chem Eng 25:37–44.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2016.05.03 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ben Arfi R, Karoui S, Mougin K et al (2017) Adsorptive removal of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solution by utilizing almond shell as bioadsorbent. Euro-Mediterranean J Environ Integr 2(2).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41207-017-0032-y
  15. Benhalima T, Ferfera-harrar H, Lerari D (2017) Optimization of carboxymethyl cellulose hydrogels beads generated by an anionic surfactant micelle templating for cationic dye uptake: swelling, sorption and reusability studies. Int J Biol Macromol.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.135
  16. Blázquez G, Calero M, Almendros AI, Ronda A (2016) Processing binary biosorption of copper and lead onto pine cone shell in batch reactors and in fixed bed columns. Int J Miner Process 148:72–82.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.minpro.2016.01.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Calero M, Pérez A, Blázquez G (2017) Neural fuzzy modelization of copper removal from water by biosortion in fixed-bed columns using olive stone and pinion shell. Bioresour Technol.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.074
  18. Chao HP, Chang CC, Nieva A (2014) Biosorption of heavy metals on Citrus maxima peel, passion fruit shell, and sugarcane bagasse in a fixed-bed column. J Ind Eng Chem 20:3408–3414.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.12.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Demey H, Vincent T, Guibal E (2018) A novel algal-based sorbent for heavy metal removal. Chem Eng J 332:582–595.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.09.083 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Doh JH, Kim JH, Kim HJ et al (2015) Enhanced adsorption of aqueous copper(II) ions using dedoped poly-N-phenylglycine nanofibers. Chem Eng J 277:352–359.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.04.120 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Feng Y, Wang Y, Wang Y, Liu S, Jiang J, Cao C, Yao J (2017) Simple fabrication of easy handling millimeter-sized porous attapulgite/polymer beads for heavy metal removal. J Colloid Interface Sci 502:52–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2017.04.086 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Frantz TS, Silveira N Jr, Quadro MS, Andreazza R, Barcelos AA, Cadaval TRS Jr, Pinto LAA (2017) Cu (II) adsorption from copper mine water by chitosan films and the matrix effects. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-8344-z
  23. Ghanei M, Rashidi A, Tayebi H-A, Yazdanshenas ME (2018) Removal of acid blue 25 from aqueous media by magnetic-SBA-15/CPAA super adsorbent: adsorption isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies. J Chem Eng Data 63:3592–3605.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jced.8b00474 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Giraldo JD, Rivas BL, Elgueta E, Mancisidor A (2017) Metal ion sorption by chitosan–tripolyphosphate beads. J Appl Polym Sci 134:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.45511 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gola D, Malik A, Namburath M, Ahammad SZ (2017) Removal of industrial dyes and heavy metals by Beauveria bassiana: FTIR, SEM, TEM and AFM investigations with Pb(II). Environ Sci Pollut Res:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0246-1
  26. Gong J, Wang X, Zeng G, Chen L, Deng J (2012) Copper (II) removal by pectin – iron oxide magnetic nanocomposite adsorbent. Chem Eng J 185–186:100–107.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.01.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00112-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Huang Y, Wu H, Shao T, Zhao X, Peng H, Gong Y, Wan H, Wu H, Shao T, Zhao X, Peng H, Gong Y, Wan H (2018) Enhanced copper adsorption by DTPA-chitosan / alginate composite beads: mechanism and application in simulated electroplating wastewater. Chem Eng J.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2018.01.071
  29. Jabli M, Gamha E, Sebeia N, Hamdaoui M (2017) Almond shell waste (Prunus dulcis): functionalization with [dimethy-diallyl-ammonium-chloride-diallylamin-co-polymer] and chitosan polymer and its investigation in dye adsorption. J Mol Liq.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.05.041
  30. Jin X, Li K, Ning P, Bao S (2017) Removal of Cu (II) ions from aqueous solution by magnetic chitosan-tripolyphosphate modified silica-coated adsorbent: characterization and mechanisms. Water Air Soil Pollut:228–302.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3482-6
  31. Khan EA, Shahjahan, Khan TA (2017) Adsorption of methyl red on activated carbon derived from custard apple (Annona squamosa) fruit shell: equilibrium isotherm and kinetic studies. J Mol Liq.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.11.125
  32. Khan AM, Ahmad CS, Farooq U, Sarfraz M, Balkhair KS, Ashraf MA (2015) Frontiers in life science removal of metallic elements from industrial waste water through biomass and clay. Frontiers in Life Sci:37–41.  https://doi.org/10.1080/21553769.2015.1041187
  33. Kumar N, Mittal H, Alhassan SM, Ray SS (2018) Bionanocomposite hydrogel for the adsorption of dye and reusability of generated waste for the photo-degradation of ciprofloxacin: a demonstration of the circularity concept for water purification. ACS Sustain Chem Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b04347
  34. Langmuir I (1916) The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I solids. J Am Chem Soc (11):2221–2295.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02268a002
  35. Largegren S (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Suensk Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  36. Lee H, Shim E, Yun H, Park Y, Kim D, Ji M, Kim C, Shin W, Choi J (2015) Biosorption of Cu (II) by immobilized microalgae using silica: kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic study. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(2):1025–1034.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4609-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lessa EF, Medina AL, Ribeiro AS (2017) Removal of multi-metals from water using reusable pectin / cellulose microfibers composite beads. In: Arabian J Chem Article in Press.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2017.07.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Li X, Zhang D, Sheng F, Qing H (2018) Adsorption characteristics of Copper (II), Zinc (II) and Mercury (II) by four kinds of immobilized fungi residues. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 147:357–366.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.08.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lim JY, Mubarak NM, Abdullah EC et al (2018) Recent trends in the synthesis of graphene and graphene oxide based nanomaterials for removal of heavy metals — a review. J Ind Eng Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2018.05.028
  40. Lin X, Huang Q, Qi G, Xiong L, Huang C (2017) Adsorption behavior of levulinic acid onto microporous hyper-cross- linked polymers in aqueous solution: equilibrium, thermodynamic, kinetic simulation and fixed-bed column studies. Chemosphere 171:231–239.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.084 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lindh J, Ruan C, Stromme M, Mihranyan A (2016) Preparation of porous cellulose beads via introduction of diamine spacers. Langmuir.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b01288
  42. Loganathan P, Shim WG, Sounthararajah DP et al (2018) Modelling equilibrium adsorption of single, binary, and ternary combinations of Cu, Pb, and Zn onto granular activated carbon. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1793-9
  43. Ma A, Hadi P, Barford J, Hui C, Mckay G (2014) Modified empty bed residence time Model for copper removal. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:13773–13781.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie501807c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ma X, Liu C, Anderson DP, Chang PR (2016) Porous cellulose spheres: preparation , modification and adsorption properties. Chemosphere 165:399–408.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Maaloul N, Oulego P, Rendueles M, Ghorbal A, Diaz M (2017a) Novel biosorbents from almond shells: characterization and adsorption properties modeling for Cu (II) ions from aqueous solutions. J Environ Chem Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.05.037
  46. Maaloul N, Ben Arfi R, Rendueles M, Ghorbal A, Diaz M (2017b) Dialysis-free extraction and characterization of cellulose crystals from almond ( Prunus dulcis ) shells. J Mater Environ Sci 8(11):4171–4181Google Scholar
  47. Martín-lara MA, Ortuño N, Conesa JA (2018) Volatile and semivolatile emissions from the pyrolysis of almond shell loaded with heavy metals. Sci Total Environ 613–614:418–427.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.116 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mata YN, Blázquez ML, Ballester A, González F, Mu JA (2010) Studies on sorption , desorption , regeneration and reuse of sugar-beet pectin gels for heavy metal removal. J Hazard Mater 178:243–248.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.01.069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Meng J, Feng X, Dai Z, Liu X (2014) Adsorption characteristics of Cu (II) from aqueous solution onto biochar derived from swine manure. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2627-z
  50. Meng Y, Pang Z, Dong C (2017) Enhancing cellulose dissolution in ionic liquid by solid acid addition. Carbohydr Polym 163:317–323.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.01.085 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Musilová L, Mráček A, Kovalcik A, Smolka P, Minařík A, Humpolíček P, Vícha R, Ponížil P (2017) Hyaluronan hydrogels modified by glycinated Kraft lignin: morphology, swelling, viscoelastic properties and biocompatibility. Carbohydr Polym.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.10.048
  52. Nag S, Mondal A, Roy DN et al (2018) Sustainable bioremediation of Cd(II) from aqueous solution using natural waste materials: kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics, toxicity studies and GA-ANN hybrid modelling. Environ Technol Innov 11:83–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2018.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ngulube T, Gumbo JR, Masindi V, Maity A (2018) Calcined magnesite as an adsorbent for cationic and anionic dyes: characterization, adsorption parameters, isotherms and kinetics study. Heliyon 4:e00838.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00838 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Oliveira I, Meyer AS, Aires A, Afonso S, Gonçalves B (2017) Enzymatic activity and biochemical composition in leaves of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Saxa) grown in almond. Waste and Biomass Valorization 0:0.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-017-0141-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Omura T, Imagawa K, Kono K, Suzuki T, Minami H (2016) Encapsulation of either of hydrophilic or hydrophobic substances in spongy cellulose particles. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b13261
  56. Pang L j, Hu J t, Zhang M j et al (2018) An efficient and reusable quaternary ammonium fabric adsorbent prepared by radiation grafting for removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:11045–11053.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1355-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Qiu X, Tao S, Ren X, Hu S (2012) Modified cellulose films with controlled permeatability and biodegradability by crosslinking with toluene diisocyanate under homogeneous conditions. Carbohydr Polym 88:1272–1280.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.02.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Quesada L, Pérez A, Calero M et al (2018) Reaction schemes for estimating kinetic parameters of thermal decomposition of native and metal-loaded almond shell. Process Saf Environ Prot 118:234–244.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2018.06.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Reddy KO, Maheswari CU, Dhlamini MS, Mothudi BM, Zhang J, Zhang J, Nagarajan R, Rajulu AV (2016) Preparation and characterization of regenerated cellulose films using borassus fruit fibers and an ionic liquid. Carbohydr Polym.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.12.051
  60. Romero-cano LA, García-rosero H, González-gutiérrez LV, Baldenegro-pérez LA, Carrasco-marín F (2017) Functionalized adsorbents prepared from fruit peels: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies for copper adsorption in aqueous solution. J Clean Prod.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.032
  61. Ronda A, Martín-Lara MA, Dionisio E, Blázquez G, Calero M (2013) Effect of lead in biosorption of copper by almond shell. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 44:466–473.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2012.12.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Segal L, Creely JJ, Martin a E, Conrad CM (1959) An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the x-ray diffractometer. Text Res J 29:786–794.  https://doi.org/10.1177/004051755902901003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Seleenmary Sobhanadhas LS, Kesavan L, Fardim P (2017) Topochemical engineering of cellulose-based functional materials. Langmuir.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04379
  64. Sellaoui L, Soetaredjo FE, Ismadji S, Lima ÉC, Dotto GL, Ben Lamine A, Erto A (2017) New insights into single-compound and binary adsorption of copper and lead ions on treated sea mango shell: experimental and theoretical studies. Phys Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7CP03770H
  65. Shen T, Gao M, Zang W, Ding F, Wang J (2018) Architecting organo silica nanosheets for regenerable cost-effective organics adsorbents. Chem Eng J 331:211–220.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.08.084 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Shukor A, Aziz A, Manaf LA, Man HC, Kumar NS (2014) Column dynamic studies and breakthrough curve analysis for Cd (II) and Cu (II) ions adsorption onto palm oil boiler mill fly ash (POFA). Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2739-5
  67. Singha B, Das SK (2013) Adsorptive removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solution and industrial effluent using natural/agricultural wastes. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 107:97–106.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.01.060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Sips R (1948) On the structure of a catalyst surface. J Chem Eng 16:490–495Google Scholar
  69. Stanković MN, Krstić NS, Mitrović JZ, Najdanović SM, Petrović MM, Bojić DV, Dimitrijević VD, Bojić AL (2013) Biosorption of copper (II) ions by methyl-sulfonated Lagenaria vulgaris shell: kinetic, thermodynamic and desorption studies. J Name 00:1–3.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5NJ02408K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Tenorio G, Calero M, Bla G (2011) Evaluation and comparison of the biosorption process of copper ions onto olive stone and pine bark. J Ind Eng Chem 17:824–833.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2011.08.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Toth J (1971) State equations of the solid-gas interface layers. Acta Chim Acad Sci Hungar 69:311–328Google Scholar
  72. Tran HN, Chao HP (2018) Adsorption and desorption of potentially toxic metals on modified biosorbents through new green grafting process. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:12808–12820.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1295-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Uslu H, Majumder S (2017) Adsorption studies of lactic acid by polymeric adsorbent Amberlite XAD-7: equilibrium and kinetics. J Chem Eng Data 62:1501–1506.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jced.6b01062 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Valderrama C, Gamisans X, De HX, Farr A, Cortina JL (2008) Sorption kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons removal using granular activated carbon: intraparticle diffusion coefficients. J Hazard Mater 157:386–396.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.12.119 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Van Tran V, Park D, Lee Y-C (2018) Hydrogel applications for adsorption of contaminants in water and wastewater treatment. Environ Sci Pollut Res:1–31.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2605-y
  76. Vilardi G, Di PL, Verdone N (2017) Heavy metals adsorption by banana peels micro-powder. equilibrium modeling by non-linear models. Chin J Chem Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2017.06.026
  77. Wang N, Xu X, Li H, Yuan L, Yu H (2016) Enhanced selective adsorption of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions by one-pot synthesis of xanthate-modified chitosan sponge: behaviors and mechanisms. Ind Eng Chem Res 55:12222–12231.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.6b03376 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Wang F, Pan Y, Cai P, Guo T, Xiao H (2017) Single and binary adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using sugarcane cellulose-based adsorbent. Bioresour Technol.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.05.162
  79. Weber WJ, Morris JC (1963) Kinetics of adsorption of carbon from solution. J San En Div 89(1):31–60Google Scholar
  80. Yang J, Lu X, Liu X, Xu J, Zhou Q, Zhang S (2017) Rapid and productive extraction of high purity cellulose material via selective depolymerization of the lignin- carbohydrate complex at mild conditions. Chem Eng J.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2018.04.161
  81. Yang F, Zhang S, Li H et al (2018) Corn straw-derived biochar impregnated with α-FeOOH nanorods for highly effective copper removal. Chem Eng J 348:191–201.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2018.04.161 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Yargıç RZS, Ozbay N, Onal E (2014) Assessment of toxic copper (II) biosorption from aqueous solution by chemically-treated tomato waste (Solanum lycopersicum). J Clean Prod:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.087
  83. Ye L, Chai L, Li Q, Yan X, Wang Q, Liu H (2016) Chemical precipitation granular sludge (CPGS) formation for copper removal from wastewater. RSC Adv 6:114405–114411.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA11165C CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Yu L, Lin J, Tian F, Li X, Bian F, Wang J (2014) Cellulose nanofibrils generated from jute fibers with tunable polymorphs and crystallinity. J Mater Chem 2:6402–6411.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TA00004H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zhang D, Zhang N, Song P, Hao J, Wan Y, Yao X (2017a) Functionalized cellulose beads with three dimensional porous structure for rapid adsorption of active constituents from Pyrola incarnata. Carbohydr Polym 1(181):560–569.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.11.111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Zhang Q, Dan S, Du K (2017b) Fabrication and characterization of magnetic hydroxyapatite entrapped agarose composite beads with high adsorption capacity for heavy metal removal. Ind Eng Chem Res 56:8705–8712.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01635 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Thermodynamic Research Unit UR11ES80, National Engineering School of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of OviedoOviedoSpain
  3. 3.Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia

Personalised recommendations