Adsorption of indigo carmine on Pistia stratiotes dry biomass chemically modified

  • Rachel M. Ferreira
  • Nazaré M. de Oliveira
  • Lorenna L. S. Lima
  • Ana Laura D. M. Campista
  • Danielle M. A. StapelfeldtEmail author
Alternative Adsorbent Materials for Application in Processes Industrial


Pistia stratiotes is a common aquatic plant of the northern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, and its use as adsorbent material was studied in the present work. The preparation process included washing, drying, grinding, and acid activation. The sorption potential for removal of the indigo carmine dye from aqueous solutions was tested under various conditions, such as initial concentration, contact time, and temperature. The tests showed that the obtained biosorbent showed good performance for dye removal with a maximum capacity of 41.2 mg/g. The kinetic studies revealed that the pseudo-second-order equation provided the best fit of the experimental data. The Freundlich isotherm provided the best fit of the experimental sorption data for the system under study. The results obtained show that Pistia stratiotes has great potential to be used as biosorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions.


Indigo carmine Biosorbent Pistia stratiotes 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryFederal University of Rio de JaneiroMacaéBrazil
  2. 2.National Public Health School Sérgio Arouca -Fiocruz- RJManguinhosBrazil

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