Advertisement

Adsorption and desorption cycles of reactive blue BF-5G dye in a bone char fixed-bed column

  • Celso Hissao Maeda
  • Carina Akemi Araki
  • Artur Lemes Moretti
  • Maria Angélica Simões Dornellas de Barros
  • Pedro Augusto Arroyo
Alternative Adsorbent Materials for Application in Processes Industrial
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

In the textile industry, the amount of dye unfixed in fabrics is discarded with wastewaters. Effluents of this nature can be treated efficiently by adsorption on activated bone char, but the reuse of adsorbent is necessary for the technique to be economically feasible. Therefore, the objective of this work was to study the process of desorption of BF-5G blue dye from a bone char fixed-bed column. Solutions of sodium chloride, acetic acid and ethyl alcohol were tested as regenerating agents. Due to the hydrophobicity effect of organic solvent molecules, the highest desorption capacity was observed for ethyl alcohol solution, and the fixed bed was reused after six cycles of adsorption. The other solutions did not promote significant desorption. The results showed that adsorption of the dye involved irreversible interactions between adsorbate molecules and bone char. However, the use of acetic acid solution resulted in the neutralisation of some of the adsorbent surface charges, allowing the fixed bed to operate for a longer time in the second cycle than in the first.

Keywords

Azo dye Ethyl alcohol Sodium chloride Acetic acid Regeneration Textile wastewaters 

Notes

Funding information

The study receives financial support from the CAPES.

References

  1. Abe I, Iwasaki S, Tokimoto T, Kawasaki N, Nakamura T, Tanada S (2004) Adsorption of fluoride ions onto carbonaceous materials. J Colloid Interface Sci 275(1):35–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Azzaz AA, Jellali S, Akrout H, Assadi AA, Bousselmi L (2018) Dynamic investigations on cationic dye desorption from chemically modified lignocellulosic material using a low-cost eluent: dye recovery and anodic oxidation efficiencies of the desorbed solutions. J Clean Prod 201:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cazetta AL, Zhang T, Silva TL, Almeida VC, Asefa T (2018) Bone char derived metal-free N- and S-co-doped nanoporous carbon and its efficient electrocatalytic activity for hydrazine oxidation. Appl Catal B Environ 225:30–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Çelekli A, Tanriverdi B, Bozkurt H (2011) Predictive modeling of removal of Lanaset red G on Characontraria, kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. Chem Eng J 169(1–3):166–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christie R (2001) Colour chemistry, 2nd edn. Springer Verlag, NYGoogle Scholar
  6. Cooney DO, Nagerl A, Hines AL (1983) Solvent regeneration of activated carbon. Water Res 17(4):403–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Do DD (1998) Adsorption analysis: equilibria and kinetics. 1st ed. Imperial College Press, LondresGoogle Scholar
  8. Flores-Cano JV, Leyva-Ramos R, Carrasco-Marin F, Aragon-Piña A, Salazar-Rabago JJ, Levya-Ramos S (2016) Adsorption mechanism of chromium (III) from water solution on bone char: effect of operating conditions. Adsorption 22(3):297–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Giles CH, Macewan TH, Nakhwa SN, Smith DJ (1960) Studies in adsorption part XI. A system of classification of solution adsorption isotherms, and its use in diagnosis of adsorption mechanisms and in measurement of specific surface areas of solids. J Chem Soc 111:3973–3993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ip AWM, Barford JP, Mckay GJ (2009) Reactive Black dye adsorption/desorption onto different adsorbents: effect of salt, surface chemistry, pore size and surface area. J Colloid Interface Sci 337(1):32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ip AWM, Barford JP, Mckay G (2010) A comparative study on the kinetics and mechanisms of removal of Reactive Black 5 by adsorption onto activated carbons and bone char. Chem Eng J 157(2–3):434–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kariminiaae-Hamedaani HR, Sakurai A, Sakakibara M (2007) Decolorization of synthetic dyes by a new manganese peroxidase producing white rot fungus. Dyes Pigments 72(2):157–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kundu A, Gupta BS, Hanshim MA, Redzwan G (2015) Taguchi optimisation approach for production of activated carbon from phosphoric acid impregnated palm kernel shell by microwave heating. J Clean Prod 105:420–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lu PJ, Lin H, Yu W, Chern J (2011) Chemical regeneration of activated carbon used for dye adsorption. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 42(2):305–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mall ID, Srivastava VC, Agarwal NK (2006) Removal of Orange – G and methyl violet dyes by adsorption onto bagasse fly ash- kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses. Dye Pigments 69(3):210–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Martin RJ, NG WJ (1984) Chemical regeneration of exhausted activated carbon - I. Water Res 18(l):59–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mccabe WL, Smith JC, Harriot P (2001) Unit operations of chemical Enginnering. 6th ed. McGraw Hill International Ed.Google Scholar
  18. Mckay G, Ramprasad G, Mowli P (1987) Desorption and regeneration of dye colours from low-cost materials. Water Res 1(3):375–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Medina-Moreno SA, Perez-Cádena R, Jiménez-González A, Télles-Jurado A, Lucho-Constantino CA (2012) Modeling wastewater biodecolorization with reactive blue 4 in fixed bed bioreactor by Trametessubectypus: biokinetic, biosorption and transport. Bioresour Technol 123:452–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Meng, M., Feng, Y., Zhang, M., Liu, Y., Ji, Y., Wang, J., Wu,Y., Yan, Y. (2013). Highly efficient adsorption of salicylic acid from aqueus solution by wollastonitebasedimprinted adsorbent: a fixed-bed columm study. Chem Eng J 225 (1): 331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mjengera H, Mkongo G (2003) Appropriate deflouridation technology for use in flourotic areas in Tanzania. Phys Chem Earth 28(20–27):1097–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ozacar M, Sengil IA (2003) Adsorption of reactive dyes on calcined alunite from aqueous solutions. J Hazard Mater B 9898(1–3):211–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ozdemir O, Turan M, Turan AZ, Faki A, Engin AB (2009) Feasibility analysis of color removal from textile dyeing wastewater in a fixed-bed column system by surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ). J Hazard Mater 166(2–3):647–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Regalbuto J, Robles J (2004) The engineering of Pt/carbon catalyst preparation. University of Illinois, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  25. Rojas-Mayorga CK, Bonilla-Petriciolet A, Aguayo-Villareal IA, Hernández-Montoya V, Moreno-Virgen MR, Tóvar-Gomez R, Montes-Móran MA (2013) Optimization of pyrolysis conditions and adsorption properties of bone char for fluoride removal from water. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 104:10–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rojas-Mayorga CK, Bonilla-Petriciolet A, Silvestre-Albero J, Aguayo-Villareal IA, Mendoza-Castillo DI (2015) Physico-chemical characterisation of metal-doped bone chars and their adsorption behavior for water defluoridation. Appl Surf Sci 355:748–760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Scheufele FB, Módenes AN, Borba CE, Ribeiro C, Espinoza-Quiñones FR, Bergamasco R, Pereira NC (2016) Monolayer–multilayer adsorption phenomenological model: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. Chem Eng J 284:1328–1341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shu L, Waite TD, Bliss PJ, Fane A, Jegatheesan V (2005) Nanofiltration for the possible reuse of water and recovery of sodium chloride salt from textile effluent. Desalination 172:235–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Thomas WJ, Crittenden B (1998) Adsorption technology and design. 1st ed. Elservier Science & Technology BooksGoogle Scholar
  30. Thommes M, Kaneko K, Neimark AV, Olivier JP, Rodriguez-Reinoso F, Rouquerol J, Sing KSW (2015) Physisorption of gases, with special reference to the evaluation of surface area and pore size distribution (IUPAC technical report). Pure Appl Chem 87(9–10):1051–1069Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Heterogeneous Catalysis and BiodieselState University of Maringá – UEMMaringáBrazil

Personalised recommendations