Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 946–958 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of magnetic bio-adsorbent developed from Aegle marmelos leaves for removal of As(V) from aqueous solutions

  • Uttam Kumar Sahu
  • Sumanta Sahu
  • Siba Sankar Mahapatra
  • Raj Kishore PatelEmail author
Research Article


A novel magnetic bio-adsorbent was prepared from the leaves of Aegle marmelos tree (Indian bael) and Fe2O3 nanoparticles. The AMP@Fe2O3 nanocomposite (Aegle marmelos leaf powder) was synthesized by pyrolysis process and applied for As(V) removal through batch adsorption process. The synthesized AMP@Fe2O3 nanocomposite was analyzed by several instrumental techniques like XRD, FESEM, TEM, HRTEM, FTIR, BET, and VSM studies. Maximum amount of As(V) was removed at pH 3, contact time of 250 min, adsorbent dose of 0.1 g/L, and initial concentration of 0.5 mg/L at room temperature. The model study revealed that the pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm models were best fitted with the experimental data. The nanocomposite showed a maximum adsorption capacity of 69.65 mg/g. The endothermic nature of the adsorption process was ascertained from the thermodynamics studies. The zeta potential and FTIR analysis before and after adsorption demonstrated two types of adsorption mechanism. The first one was the electrostatic attraction between negatively charged As(V) ions (H2AsO4) and protonated −OH group present on the Fe2O3 surface and the second one was ligand exchange between the surface hydroxyl groups and As(V) ions. The AMP@Fe2O3 nanocomposite was desorbed with 0.5 M NaOH solutions and also used up to four cycles without any major decrease in removal efficiency. Thus, AMP@Fe2O3 nanocomposite can be applied as a potential adsorbent for As(V) removal from wastewater.


Aegle marmelos leaves Fe2O3 As(V) removal and adsorption 



The authors are highly thankful to National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, for providing the instrumental facilities.

Funding information

The authors are thankful to Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, DAE, India, for funding the research project (2013/34/20/BRNS/2708).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uttam Kumar Sahu
    • 1
  • Sumanta Sahu
    • 1
  • Siba Sankar Mahapatra
    • 2
  • Raj Kishore Patel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia

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