Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 1008–1011 | Cite as

Hydro-electric power in the Panjkora basin at the expense of environmental deterioration and biodiversity loss—immediate action required for mitigation

  • Sana UllahEmail author
  • Zhongqiu LiEmail author
Letter to the Editor
  • 73 Downloads

Dear Editor,

South Asian countries including Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka fall short of their electricity requirement and are faced with energy crisis (Ahmed 2015). This very specific region is bestowed with widespread large water bodies; therefore, hydro-electric power projects have been initiated on a very wide scale to cover up the shortage of electricity. Of these, Pakistan is an under-developing country, swiftly stabilizing its economy, and has been listed as one of the fastest growing economies in Asia. Pakistan has initiated hydropower projects on a very large scale, enrolling it among top 5 countries of the world investing that much in private participation infrastructure (Chaudhry 2017). The provincial governments have initiated hydropower projects in different parts of the country as well, such as the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has initiated hydropower projects on quite a huge scale, more specifically in the northern and northwestern part of the...

References

  1. Ahmed Z (2015) Energy crisis in South Asia: a matter of regional cooperation. In: Vasudeva A (ed) South Asian voices. Stimson Center, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. Bai R, Liu X, Liu X, Liu L, Wang J, Liao S, Zhu A, Li Z (2017) The development of biodiversity conservation measures in China’s hydro projects: a review. Environ Int 108:285–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chaudhry J (2017) Pakistan Cha Gya, Dunya k 5 Aham Tareen Mamalik mai Shamil, Chonka dene wali Tafseelat Manzar-e-Aam Per Aa Gaye. In: Chaudhry, J. (ed). [Javed Chaudhry: in Urdu]. JavedCh.comGoogle Scholar
  4. Hasan Z, Ullah S, Rasheed SB, Kakar A, Ali N (2015) Ichthyofaunal diversity of river Panjkora, District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. J Anim Plant Sci 25:550–563Google Scholar
  5. Hesthagen T, Larsen B, Bolstad G, Fiske P, Jonsson B (2017) Mitigation of acidified salmon rivers–effects of liming on young brown trout Salmo trutta. J Fish Biol 91(5):1350–1364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Muhammad I, Hasan Z, Ullah S, Ullah W, Khan H (2014) A preliminary survey of fish fauna of river Panjkora at District Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. J Biod Environ Sci 5:362–368Google Scholar
  7. Negi G, Punetha D (2017) People’s perception on impacts of hydro-power projects in Bhagirathi river valley, India. Environ Monit Assess 189:138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Schülting L, Feld CK, Graf W (2016) Effects of hydro-and thermopeaking on benthic macroinvertebrate drift. Sci Total Environ 573:1472–1480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Shi X, Kynard B, Liu D, Qiao Y, Chen Q (2015) Development of fish passage in China. Fisheries 40:161–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. TmgDir (2015) Koto hydropower project Timergara District Dir Lower. Dir Lower, PakistanGoogle Scholar
  11. Ullah S (2013) The Ichthyofaunal diversity, relative abundance, physico-chemical analysis and the estimation of biodiversity index of River Panjkora District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. M.Sc. Thesis, submitted to the Department of Zoology. University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, PakistanGoogle Scholar
  12. Ullah S, Hasan Z, Zuberi A (2016) Heavy metals in three commercially valuable cyprinids in the river Panjkora, district Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Toxicol Environ Chem 98:64–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ullah S, Hasan Z, Li Z, Zuberi A, Zorriehzahra MJ, Nabi G (2018) Diversity and community composition of ichthyofauna at Konhaye stream, district Dir Lower, Pakistan. Iran J Fish Sci.  https://doi.org/10.22092/ijfs.2018.119811
  14. Wang W, Roulet NT, Kim Y, Strachan IB, del Giorgio P, Prairie YT, Tremblay A (2018) Modelling CO2 emissions from water surface of a boreal hydroelectric reservoir. Sci Total Environ 612:392–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations