Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 36636–36644 | Cite as

Evaluation of the potential of Erodium glaucophyllum L. for phytoremediation of metal-polluted arid soils

  • Kaouthar Jeddi
  • Mohamed Chaieb
Research Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

The present work aimed at studying pollution of traffic-related heavy metals (HMs) in roadside soils and their uptake by the Mediterranean native species Erodium glaucophyllum L., growing along Gabès-El Hamma highway, Gabès (Tunisia). Here, heavy metals were analyzed in soils and in plant roots and shoots along different distances from the highway edge. High levels of all the investigated soil trace elements were found in samples collected at 15 m distance from the highway. Overall, HM concentrations in the below- and aboveground part of E. glaucophyllum showed significant decreases with increasing distance from the highway. The lowest values were recorded at 150 m. Biological concentration factor (BCF) and mobility ratio (MR) of all investigated heavy metals were > 1 at all distances from the highway, except for Mn and Cu. High values of BCF and MR for Zn indicate that E. glaucophyllum has an excellent potential for the assimilation of this element from the soil. In addition, the higher translocation factors (TF) of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Fe in E. glaucophyllum shoots make it suitable for their phytoextraction from soil, while the lower TF for Mn and Cu make this plant convenient for their phytostabilization. Moreover, the significant positive correlations of Mn, Pb, Cu, and Zn in soil and Erodium organs may suggest its potential use as biomonitor of these trace elements. According to these results, E. glaucophyllum seems to be valued as an efficient native species for in situ phytoremediation program on traffic metal-polluted soils.

Keywords

Heavy traffic pollution Erodium glaucophyllum L. Bioaccumulation Translocation Native species Soil remediation 

References

  1. Abdennadher A, Ramírez F, Romdhane MS, Ruiz X, Jover L, Sanpera C (2010) Biomonitoring of coastal areas in Tunisia: stable isotope and trace element analysis in the yellow-legged gull. Mar Pollut Bull 60(3):440–447.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.10.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. AFNOR (1987) Recueil de normes françaises, qualité des sols, méthodes d’analyses. 1. edit. Association française de normalization, France, pp 19–30Google Scholar
  3. Alagić SČ, Šerbula SS, Tošić SB, Pavlović AN, Petrović JV (2013) Bioaccumulation of arsenic and cadmium in birch and lime from the Bor region. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 65(4):671–682.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-013-9948-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alagić SČ, Tošić SB, Dimitrijević MD, Antonijević MM, Nujkić MM (2015) Assessment of the quality of polluted areas based on the content of heavy metals in different organs of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cv Tamjanika. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22(9):7155–7175.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3933-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Algreen M, Trapp S, Rein A (2014) Phytoscreening and phytoextraction of heavy metals at Danish polluted sites using willow and poplar trees. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21(15):8992–9001.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2085-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ali H, Khan E, Sajad MA (2013) Phytoremediation of heavy metals—concepts and applications. Chemosphere 91(7):869–881.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.01.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Al-Khashman OA, Shawabkeh RA (2006) Metals distribution in soils around the cement factory in southern Jordan. Environ Pollut 140(3):387–394.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.08.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arora M, Kiran B, Rani S, Rani A, Kaur B, Mittal N (2008) Heavy metal accumulation in vegetables irrigated with water from different sources. Food Chem 111(4):811–815.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.04.049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Badr N, Fawzy M, Al-Qahtani KM (2012) Phytoremediation: an ecological solution to heavy metal-polluted soil and evaluation of plant removal ability. World Appl Sci J 16(9):1292–1301Google Scholar
  10. Baker AJM, McGrath SP, Sidoli CMD, Reeves RD (1994) The possibility of in-situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. Resour Conserv Recycl 11:41–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-3449(94)90077-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baycu G, Tolunay D, Özden H, Günebakan S (2006) Ecophysiological and seasonal variations in Cd, Pb, Zn, and Ni concentrations in the leaves of urban deciduous trees in Istanbul. Environ Pollut 143(3):545–554.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.10.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Baycu G, Tolunay D, Ozden H, Csatari I, Karadag S, Agba T, Rognes SE (2015) An abandoned copper mining site in Cyprus and assessment of metal concentrations in plants and soil. Int J Phytoremediation 17(7):622–631.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2014.922929 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bech J, Duran P, Roca N, Poma W, Sánchez I, Roca-Pérez L, Poschenrieder C (2012) Accumulation of Pb and Zn in Bidens triplinervia and Senecio sp. spontaneous species from mine spoils in Peru and their potential use in phytoremediation. J Geochem Explor 123:109–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.06.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Boukhris A, Laffont-Schwob I, Mezghani I, El Kadri L, Prudent P, Pricop A, Chaieb M (2015) Screening biological traits and fluoride contents of native vegetations in arid environments to select efficiently fluoride-tolerant native plant species for in-situ phytoremediation. Chemosphere 119:217–223.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.06.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Celik A, Kartal AA, Akdoğan A, Kaska Y (2005) Determining the heavy metal pollution in Denizli (Turkey) by using Robinio pseudo-acacia L. Environ Int 31(1):105–112.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2004.07.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chaieb M, Boukhris M (1998) Flore succincte et illustrée des zones arides et sahariennes de Tunisie. Association pour la Protection de la Nature et de l’Environnement, L’Or du temps, Sfax, Tunisie 290 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Chehregani A, Noori M, Yazdi HL (2009) Phytoremediation of heavy-metal-polluted soils: screening for new accumulator plants in Angouran mine (Iran) and evaluation of removal ability. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72(5):1349–1353.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.02.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Erakhrumen AA (2007) Phytoremediation: an environmentally sound technology for pollution prevention, control and remediation in developing countries. Educ Res Rev 2(7):151–156Google Scholar
  19. Farahat E, Linderholm HW (2015) The effect of long-term wastewater irrigation on accumulation and transfer of heavy metals in Cupressus sempervirens leaves and adjacent soils. Sci Total Environ 512:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.01.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Feng J, Wang Y, Zhao J, Zhu L, Bian X, Zhang W (2011) Source attributions of heavy metals in rice plant along highway in Eastern China. J Environ Sci 23(7):1158–1164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(10)60529-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Galal TM, Shehata HS (2015) Bioaccumulation and translocation of heavy metals by Plantago major L. grown in contaminated soils under the effect of traffic pollution. Ecol Indic 48:244–251.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.08.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gall JE, Boyd RS, Rajakaruna N (2015) Transfer of heavy metals through terrestrial food webs: a review. Environ Monit Assess 187(4):201.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4436-3. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ghosh M, Singh SP (2005) A review on phytoremediation of heavy metals and utilization of its byproducts. Appl Ecol Environ Res 3:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Guillén MT, Delgado J, Albanese S, Nieto JM, Lima A, De Vivo B (2012) Heavy metals fractionation and multivariate statistical techniques to evaluate the environmental risk in soils of Huelva Township (SW Iberian Peninsula). J Geochem Explor 119–120:32–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Günes A, Alpaslan M, Inal A (2004) Plant nutrition and fertilizer. Ankara University. Agriculture Publication (1539)Google Scholar
  26. Gupta N, Khan DK, Santra SC (2008) An assessment of heavy metal contamination in vegetables grown in wastewater-irrigated areas of Titagarh, West Bengal, India. Bull Environ Contamin Toxicol 80(2):115–118.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9327-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hu Y, Wang D, Wei L, Zhang X, Song B (2014) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in plant leaves from Yan an city of the Loess Plateau, China. Ecotox Environ Safe 110:82–88.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.08.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Janta R, Chantara S (2017) Tree bark as bioindicator of metal accumulation from road traffic and air quality map: a case study of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Atmos Pollut Res 8(5):956–967.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2017.03.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jozic M, Peer T, Turk R (2009) The impact of the tunnel exhausts in terms of heavy metals to the surrounding ecosystem. Environ Monit Assess 150:261–271.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0228-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1992) Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton (FL)Google Scholar
  31. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (2001) Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  32. Kashem MA, Singh BR, Kubota H, Sugawara R, Kitajima N, Kondo T, Kawai S (2010) Zinc tolerance and uptake by Arabidopsis halleri ssp. gemmifera grown in nutrient solution. Environ Sci Pollut Res 17(5):1174–1176.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0193-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kim SG, Jee JH, Kang JC (2004) Cadmium accumulation and elimination in tissues of juvenile olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus after sub-chronic cadmium exposure. Environ Pollut 127(1):117–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00254-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lasat MM (2002) Phytoextraction of toxic metals. J Environ Qual 31(1):109–120.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2002.1090 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Loranger S, Zayed J (1994) Manganese and lead concentrations in ambient air and emission rates from unleaded and leaded gasoline between 1981 and 1992 in Canada: a comparative study. Atmos Environ 28(9):1645–1651.  https://doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(94)90310-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Malik RN, Husain SZ, Nazir I (2010) Heavy metal contamination and accumulation in soil and wild plant species from industrial area of Islamabad. Pakistan Pak J Bot 42(1):291–301Google Scholar
  37. Malizia D, Giuliano A, Ortaggi G, Masotti A (2012) Common plants as alternative analytical tools to monitor heavy metals in soil. Chem Cent J 6(Suppl 2):56.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-153X-6-S2-S6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mtimet A (2001) Soils of Tunisia. Options Méditerranéennes (Séries B) 34:243–268Google Scholar
  39. Onder S, Dursun S (2006) Air borne heavy metal pollution of Cedrus libani (A. Rich.) in the city centre of Konya (Turkey). Atmos Environ 40(6):1122–1133.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pulford I, Watson C (2003) Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land by trees—a review. Environ Int 29:529–540.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(02)00152-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rafati M, Khorasani N, Moattar F, Shirvany A, Moraghebi F, Hosseinzadeh S (2011) Phytoremediation potential of Populus alba and Morus alba for cadmium, chromuim and nickel absorption from polluted soil. Int J Environ Res 5:961–970.  https://doi.org/10.22059/IJER.2011.453. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rattan RK, Datta SP, Chhonkar PK, Suribabu K, Singh AK (2005) Long-term impact of irrigation with sewage effluents on heavy metal content in soils, crops and groundwater—a case study. Agric Ecosyst Environ 109:310–322.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.02.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Roccotiello E, Serrano HC, Mariotti MG, Branquinho C (2015) Nickel phytoremediation potential of the Mediterranean Alyssoides utriculata (L.) Medik. Chemosphere 119:1372–1378.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Romeh AAA (2017) Risk assessment of heavy metals pollution at Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. Int J Environ Sci Technol 15:1–18.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-017-1489-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sarma H (2011) Metal hyperaccumulation in plants: a review focusing on phytoremediation technology. J Environ Sci Technol 4:118–138.  https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2011.118.138 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sawidis T, Breuste J, Mitrovic M, Pavlovic P, Tsigaridas K (2011) Trees as bioindicator of heavy metal pollution in three European cities. Environ Pollut 159:3560–3570.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Schreck E, Xiong T, Niazi NK (2017) Foliar heavy metal uptake, toxicity and detoxification in plants: a comparison of foliar and root metal uptake. J Hazard Mater 325:36–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.11.063 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sung JH, Oh I, Kim A, Lee J, Sim CS, Yoo C, Park SJ, Kim GB, Kim Y (2017) Environmental and body concentrations of heavy metals at sites near and distant from industrial complexes in Ulsan (Korea). J Korean Med Sci 33(5):1–13.  https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e33 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Suzuki K, Yabuki T, Ono Y (2009) Roadside Rhododendron pulchrum leaves as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution in traffic areas of Okayama, Japan. Environ Monit Assess 149(1–4):133–141.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0188-7. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Trombulak SC, Frissell CA (2000) Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conserv Biol 14(1):18–30.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Viard B, Pihan F, Promeyrat S, Pihan JC (2004) Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails. Chemosphere 55(10):1349–1359.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wei B, Yang L (2010) A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China. Microchem J 94(2):99–107.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2009.09.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wiseman CLS, Zereini F, Püttmann W (2013) Traffic-related trace element fate and uptake by plants cultivated in roadside soils in Toronto, Canada. Sci Total Environ 442:86–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.10.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yan X, Zhang F, Zeng C, Zhang M, Devkota LP, Yao T (2012) Relationship between heavy metal concentrations in soils and grasses of roadside farmland in Nepal. Int J Environ Res Pub Health 9(9):3209–3226.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9093209 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhai Y, Dai Q, Jiang K, Zhu Y, Xu B, Peng C, Zeng G (2016) Traffic-related heavy metals uptake by wild plants grow along two main highways in Hunan Province, China: effects of soil factors, accumulation ability, and biological indication potential. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(13):13368–13377.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6507-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant Biodiversity and Dynamic of Ecosystems in Arid AreaFaculty of Sciences of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyFaculty of Sciences of GabèsGabesTunisia

Personalised recommendations