Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 292–298 | Cite as

Incidence and identification of microfibers in ocean waters in Admiralty Bay, Antarctica

  • Theresinha Monteiro AbsherEmail author
  • Silvio Luiz Ferreira
  • Yargos Kern
  • Augusto Luiz FerreiraJr
  • Susete Wambier Christo
  • Rômulo Augusto AndoEmail author
Research Article
  • 382 Downloads

Abstract

Antarctic pristine environment is threatened by the presence of microplastics that occur in a variety of shapes and sizes, from fibers to irregular fragments. The aim of this study is to assess the abundance, distribution, and the characterization of the microfibers in zooplankton samples found in ocean waters in Admiralty Bay, Antarctica. The samples were collected at five points in Admiralty Bay during the XXIX Brazilian Antarctic Expedition in the austral summer of 2010–2011. A total of 603 microfibers were collected in 60 samples, with an average abundance of 2.40 (± 4.57) microfibers 100 m−3. Microfiber size ranging from ca. 10 to 22 μm in diameter of various lengths and colors (blue, red, black, and clear) was collected and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy. Most of these microfibers were entangled in various different zooplankton species and were identified as polymers composed mostly by polyethyleneglycols, polyurethanes, polyethylene terephthalates, and polyamides. The presence of such microfibers may cause the loss of biodiversity in the Antarctic continent, and the results presented herein can contribute to a better understanding of the impact caused by them within the food chain and human health.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Marine debris Microplastic Synthetic fibers King George Island Raman microscopy Antarctic environment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors also acknowledge the support of the Brazilian Ministries of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI), of Environment (MMA) and Inter-Ministry Commission for Sea Resources (CIRM). We also thank the CME (Centro de Microscopia Eletrônica, UFPR) for SEM and Raman analyses. Special thanks are due to Yasmin Baddouh, A.S. from Hillsborough Community College, Florida, USA, for the English revision.

Funding information

This work is sponsored by the National Institute of Science and Technology Antarctic Environmental Research (INCT-APA) that receives scientific and financial support from the National Council for Research and Development (CNPq process: no. 574018/2008-5) and Carlos Chagas Research Support Foundation of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ no. E-16/170.023/2008).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3509_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 15 kb)

References

  1. Absher TM, Feijo AR (1995) Dispersão Larvas de Moluscos Bênticos da Baia do Almirantado, Ilha Rei George, Antártica. In: VI Congresso Latinoamericano de Ciencias del Mar, 1995, Mar del Plata. VI Congresso Latinoamericano de Ciencias del Mar. p 12Google Scholar
  2. Absher TM, Boehs G, Feijo AR, Cruz AC (1999) Variação temporal e espacial de larvas de invertebrados na Baía do Almirantado, Ilha Rei George, Antártica.. In: VIII Congresso Latinoamericano de Ciencias del mar, 1999, Trujillo,. Libro de Resumenes Ampliados VIII COLACMAR. Trujillo. v. I. pp 371–372Google Scholar
  3. Absher TM, Bohes G, Feijó AR, Cruz AC (2003) Pelagic larvae of benthic gastropods from shallow Antarctic waters of Admiralty Bay, King George Island. Polar Biol 26:359–364Google Scholar
  4. Absher TM, Elbers KL, Kern Y (2005) Long-term embryonic development of benthic marine invertebrates from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. In: IX SCAR international biology symposium, 2005, Curitiba. Abstracts - IX SCAR international biology symposium (evolution and biodiversity in Antarctica, 2005. pp 47–47.Google Scholar
  5. Absher, T.M., Cruz-Kaled, A.C., Elbers, K.L. 2010, Occurrence, abundance, distribution and identification of zooplankton with emphasis on marine invertebrates larvae from Admiralty Bay. Annul Activity Report 2009, 1:41–43.Google Scholar
  6. Absher TM Cordova MM, Ferreira Jr AL, Kern Y (2014) Copepods: Main zooplankters in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. Annual Activity Report INCT-APA, 1: 89–93Google Scholar
  7. Barnes DKA, Walters A, Gonçalves L (2010) Macroplastics at sea around Antarctica. Mar Environ Res 70(2):250–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bergin FJ, Shurvell HF (1989) Applications of Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy in an industrial laboratory. Appl Spectrosc 43(3):516–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Galloway TS, Lawe DM, Thompson RC (2008) Ingested microscopic plastic Translocates to the circulatory system of the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.). Environ Sci Technol 42:5026–5031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bruce N, Hartline N, Karba S, Ruff B, Sonar S, Holden P (2016) Microfiber pollution and the apparel industry. University of California Santa Barbara, Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  11. Cauwenberghe LV, Janssen CR (2014) Microplastics in bivalves cultured for human consumption. Environ Pollut 193:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Christo SW, Ferreira Jr A, Vidolin D, Absher TM (2017) Microfibras em Crassostrea gasar (Bivalvia; Ostreidae): uma abordagem experimental. Book of Abstract X Congreso Latinoamericano de Malacología – 1 - 6 de October 2017 - Piriápolis, Maldonado, Uruguay, 203 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Cincinelli A, Scopetani C, Chelazzi D, Lombardini E, Martellini T, Katsoyiannis A, Fossi MC, Corsolini S (2017) Microplastic in the surface waters of the Ross Sea (Antarctica): occurrence, distribution and characterization by FTIR. Chemosphere 175:391–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cole M, Pennie L, Fileman E, Halsband C, Goodhead R, Moger J, Dalloway TS (2013) Microplastic ingestion by zooplankton. Environ Sci Technol 47:6646–6655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cruz-Kaled, A.C., Absher, T.M., Corbisier, T.N. 2010, Abundance of marine invertebrate larvae of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. In: SCAR OPEN SCIENCE CONFERENCE, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Resumos. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, 3:239–239Google Scholar
  16. Eriksen M, Mason S, Wilson S, Box C, Zellers A, Edwards W, Farley H, Amato S (2013) Microplastic pollution in the surface waters of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Mar Pollut Bull 77(1–2):177–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eriksen M, Lebreton LCM, Carson HS, Thiel M, Moore CJ, Borerro JC, Francois Galgani F, Ryan PG, Reisser J (2014) Plastic pollution in the World’s oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea. PLoS One 9(12):e111913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ferreira Jr, A.F., Kern, Y., Cruz-Kaled, AC., Christo, S.W., Absher T.M. 2014 Pteropods, Chaetognaths and Salps in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. (pp. 01-05). INCT-APA. Annual Activity Report 2014Google Scholar
  19. Freire AS, Absher TM, Cruz-Kaled AC, Kern Y, Elbers KL (2006) Seasonal variation of pelagic invertebrate larvae in the shallow Antarctic waters of Admiralty Bay (King George Island). Polar Biol 29(4):294–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ghosal S, Chen M, Wagner J, Wang ZM, Wall S (2018) Molecular identification of polymers and anthropogenic particles extracted from oceanic water and fish stomach - a Raman micro-spectroscopy study. Environ Pollut 233:1113–1124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Greene CH (1985) Planktivore functional groups and patterns of prey selection in pelagic communities. J Plankton Res 7(1):35e40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Isobe A, Uchiyama-Matsumoto K, Uchida K, Tokai T (2017) Microplastics in Southern Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull 114(1):623–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kern Y, Elbers KL, Cruz-Kaled AC, Weber RR, Absher TM (2012) Summer variation of zooplankton community on coastal environment of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. INCT-APA Annual Activity Report 2011, pp 106–111Google Scholar
  24. Klein S, Worch E, Knepper TP (2015) Occurrence and spatial distribution of microplastics in river shore sediments of the Rhine-Main area in Germany. Environ Sci Technol 49(10):6070–6076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Long M, Paul-Pont I, Hegaret H, Moriceau B, Lambert C, Huvet A, Soudant P (2017) Interactions between polystyrene microplastics and marine phytoplankton lead to species-specific hetero-aggregation. Environ Pollut 228:454–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Machida K, Miyazawa T (1964) Infrared and Raman spectra of polyethyleneglycol dimethylethers in the liquid state. Spectrochim Acta 20:1865–1873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Melveger AJ (1972) Laser-Raman study of crystallinity changes in poly(ethylene Terephthalate). J Polym Sci A2 10:317–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Miller JV, Bartick EG (2001) Foresinc analysis of Sindle fibers by Raman spectroscopy. Appl Spectrosc 55(12):1729–1732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Morgana S, Ghigliatti L, Calvar NE, Wieckzarek A, Stifanese EP, Dayle TK, Christiansen JS, Faimali M, Garaventa F (2017) In Anton Van de Putte (ed). Book of abstracts: XIIth SCAR Biology Symposium. Leuven, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  30. Munari C, Infantini V, Scoponi M, Rastelli E, Corinaldesi C, Mistri M (2017) Microplastics in the sediments of Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Mar Pollut Bull 122(1–2):161–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pire U, Vidmar M, Mozer A, Krzan A (2016) Emissions of microplastics fibers from microfiber fleece during domestic washing. Environ Sci Pol 23(1):22206–22211Google Scholar
  32. Plastics Europe (2011) The compelling facts about plastics. An analysis of plastics production, demand and recovery for 2010. Plastics Europe - Association of Plastics Manufacturers, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  33. Pruszak CZ (1980) Current circulation in the waters of the Admiralty Bay (region of Arctowiski Station on King George Island). Pol Polar Res 1:55–74Google Scholar
  34. Rakusa-Suszczewski S (1980) Environmental conditions and the functioning of Admiralty Bay (south Shetland Island) as part of the near shore Antarctic ecosystem. Pol Polar Res 1:11–29Google Scholar
  35. Rakusa-Suszczewski S (1993) Water exchange. In: Rakusa-Suszczewski S (ed) The maritime Antarctic coastal ecosystem of admiralty Bay. Polish Academy of Sciences, Waesaw, pp 31–32Google Scholar
  36. Reed S, Clerk M, Thompson R, Hughes KA (2018) Microplastics in marine sediments near Rothera Research Station, Antarctica. Mar Pollut Res 133:460–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rist S, Baun A, Hartmann NB (2017) Ingestion of micro-and nanoplastics in Daphnia magna–quantification of body burdens and assessment of feeding rates and reproduction. Environ Pollut 228:398–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schymanski D, Goldbeck C, Humpf HU, Furst P (2018) Analysis of microplastics in water by micro-Raman spectroscopy: release of plastic particles from different packaging into mineral water. 129:154–162Google Scholar
  39. Steer M, Cole M, Thompson RC, Lindeque PK (2017) Microplastic ingestion in fish larvae in the western English Channel. Environ Pollut 226:250–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Taylor ML, Claire G, Robinson LF, Woodall LC (2016) Plastic microfiber ingestion by deep-sea organisms. Sci Rep 6:33997.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33997. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Thompson RC, Olsen Y, Mitcheli RP, Davis A, Rowland SJ, John AWG, McGonigle A, Russell AE (2004) Lost at sea: where is all the plastic? Science 304(5672):838–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Thushari GGN, Senevirathna JDM, Yakupitiyage A, Chavanichc S (2017) Effects of microplastics on sessile invertebrates in the eastern coast of Thailand: an approach to coastal zone conservation. Mar Pollut Bull 124:349–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Waller CL, Griffiths HJ, Waluda CM, Thorpe SE, Loaiza I, Moreno B, Pacheres CO, Hughes KA (2017) Microplastic in the Antarctic marine system: an emerging area of research. Sci Total Environ 598:220–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wieczorek, A.M., Morrison, L., Croot, P.L., Allcock, A.L., MacLoughlin, E., Savard, O., Brownlow, H., Doyle, T.K. (2018) Frequency of microplastics ln mesopelagic fishes from the Northwest Atlantic. Front Mar SciGoogle Scholar
  45. Woodall LC, Sanchez-Vidal A, Canals M, Paterson GLJ, Coppock R, Sleight V, Calafat A, Rogers AD, Narayanaswamy BE, Thompson RC (2014) The Deep Sea is a major sink for microplastic debris. R Soc Open Sci 2014:1403–1417Google Scholar
  46. Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS (2013) The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: a review. Environ Pollut 178:483–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zalasiewicz, J., Waters C.N., Ivar Do Sul, J.A., Corcoran, P.L., Barnosky, A.D., Cearreta, A., Edgeworth, M., Gałuszka, A., Jeandel, C., Leinfelder, R., Mcneill, J.R., Steffen, W., Summerhayes, C., Wagreich, M., Williams, M., Wolfe, A.P., Yonan, Y. 2016. The geological cycle of plastics and their use as a stratigraphic Indicator of the Anthropocene. AnthropoceneGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhao SY, Danley M, Ward JE, Li DJ, Mincer TJ (2017) An approach for extraction, characterization and quantitation of microplastic in natural marine snow using Raman microscopy. Anal Methods 9(9):1470–1478CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Estudos do MarUniversidade Federal do ParanáPontal do ParanáBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Biologia Geral–DEBIOUniversidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa–UEPGPonta GrossaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Química Fundamental, Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations