Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 259–268 | Cite as

Effect of sand dust accumulation on photovoltaic performance in the Saharan environment: southern Algeria (Adrar)

  • Mohammed MostefaouiEmail author
  • Abderrezzaq Ziane
  • Ahmed Bouraiou
  • Seyfallah Khelifi
Research Article


Many climatic conditions have a negative impact on production of photovoltaic (PV) systems, and sand dust could be one of the main reasons of degradation of PV panels. The objective of this study is to investigate the reduction in the electrical performance caused by sandstorm and the accumulation of sand dust on the photovoltaic module surface installed in the Saharan area of south Algeria (Adrar). For this purpose, four PV modules (ISO-100/24) were selected and their current–voltage characteristics were measured to evaluate the sand dust effect on their performances. Our results show that sandstorm and dust accumulation on the surface of the module reduce the performance in terms of energy and power, due to a decrease of the transmittance. Obtained outcomes show that in sandstorm periods, the particle deposition density is much higher. This study reveals that leaving PV module without any cleaning in the Saharan environmental conditions significantly reduces PV power output, in addition to the presence of the shading mismatch effects in case of partial cleaning.


PV module Sand dust Sandstorm Performance evaluation Saharan environment Current–voltage characteristics 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Mostefaoui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abderrezzaq Ziane
    • 1
  • Ahmed Bouraiou
    • 1
  • Seyfallah Khelifi
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Recherche en Energies Renouvelables en Milieu Saharien, URERMSCentre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, CDERAdrarAlgeria

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