Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 36147–36157 | Cite as

Metal accumulation in the marine bivalve, Marcia optima collected from the coastal area of Phuket Bay, Thailand

  • Pensiri AkkajitEmail author
  • Putri Fajriati
  • Mongkolchai Assawadithalerd
Research Article


Metal contamination in seafood has raised public health concerns, especially for local residents who live in coastal areas. In this study, the levels of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and zinc (Zn) were determined in the marine bivalve, Marcia optima, as well as in water, and sediment samples collected from the coastal area of Phuket Bay, Thailand. The results showed that metal concentrations in sediments (4.05–7.14, 16.68–18.13, 164–213 mg kg−1 for Cd, Pb, and Zn, respectively) and water samples (0.16–0.44, 0.15–0.26, and 0.32–0.48 mg L−1 for Cd, Pb, and Zn, respectively) were below the threshold effects concentration of the sediment quality guidelines for adverse effects to occur and the marine water quality standards of Thailand. A human risk assessment was performed and the results showed that the risks associated with M. optima consumption at Saphan Hin and Paklok were negligible for most of the metals studied, with the maximum estimated daily intake value being observed for Zn (0.00663 mg kg−1 per day) at Saphan Hin. In addition, Cd, Zn, Pb, and Hg would be unlikely to pose a risk to human health with a hazard quotient of less than 1, with only the bioaccumulation factor of Zn being detectable in both locations (0.034 and 0.026 at Saphan Hin and Paklok, respectively). However, continuous monitoring is encouraged to prevent the risks associated with the consumption of metal-contaminated seafood.


Marcia optima Metals Risk assessment Phuket Sediment 



The authors thank the Office of the Higher Education Commission (OHEC) and the S&T Postgraduate Education and Research Development Office (PERDO) for financial support of the Research Program and thank the Ratchadaphiseksomphot Endowment Fund, Chulalongkorn University for the Research Unit. We would like to express our sincere thanks to the Environmental Research Institute (ERIC) and the Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM), Chulalongkorn University for their invaluable support in terms of facilities and scientific equipment. Special thanks to the Faculty of Technology and Environment, Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus for partial financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pensiri Akkajit
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Putri Fajriati
    • 1
  • Mongkolchai Assawadithalerd
    • 5
  1. 1.Integrated Science and Technology Research Center (Applied Chemistry/Environmental Management/Software Engineering)Prince of Songkla UniversityPhuketThailand
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology and EnvironmentPrince of Songkla UniversityPhuketThailand
  3. 3.Research Program of Toxic Substance Management in the Mining IndustryCenter of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM)BangkokThailand
  4. 4.Research Unit of Site Remediation on Metals Management from Industry and Mining (Site Rem)Chulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  5. 5.Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM)Chulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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