Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 528–543 | Cite as

Production, characterization and effectiveness of cellulose acetate functionalized ZnO nanocomposite adsorbent for the removal of Se (VI) ions from aqueous media

  • Padmalaya Gurunathan
  • Sivaram Hari
  • Sreeja Balakrishnapillai SuseelaEmail author
  • Radha Sankararajan
  • Arivanandan Mukannan
Research Article


In this study, ZnO functionalized cellulose acetate nanocomposite (ZnO/CA NC) was synthesized using a simple chemical approach found to have a high surface area of 657.34 m2/g and utilized as adsorbents for the removal of Se (VI) from aqueous solutions. Investigations on X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that ZnO nanocomposite has a smaller crystallite size compared to ZnO nanoparticles which facilitated for reduced agglomeration confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The ensuing properties of ZnO/CA NC displayed high maximum adsorption capacity of 160.5 mg/g for Se (VI) ions. Inner-sphere surface complexes on ZnO/CA NC under prevailing conditions for Se (VI) were discussed using FTIR spectroscopical results. In order to evaluate the removal efficiency, the effects of adsorbent dosage, pH, and temperature were thoroughly investigated. The amount of Se (VI) ions adsorbed on ZnO/CA NC was also determined by zeta potential. The fractional removal of pollutants (Se (VI)) was done using mass transfer model. In addition, prominent adsorption capacity was also tested utilizing concurrent anions (SO42−, Cl, and F) with reference to Se (VI) and cost prudent regenerability of adsorbent by NaOH solution was ascertained with anti-interference and recovery steps. ZnO/CA NC was obtained by simple chemical methodology and high surface adsorption capacities supply an encouraging technique for Se (VI) removal in water treatment applications.


Zinc oxide nanoparticles Selenate ions Adsorption Chemical approach Cellulose acetate 



Authors provide sincere thanks to SSN trust for delivering financial support to carry out this work. Authors express their extended sole gratitude to SSN trust for awarding fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padmalaya Gurunathan
    • 1
  • Sivaram Hari
    • 2
  • Sreeja Balakrishnapillai Suseela
    • 1
    Email author
  • Radha Sankararajan
    • 1
  • Arivanandan Mukannan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringSSN College of EngineeringKalavakkamIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Nanoscience and TechnologyAnna UniversityChennaiIndia

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