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Organotropism and biomarker response in oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to platinum in seawater

Abstract

Platinum (Pt) is a technology critical element (TCE) for which biogeochemical cycles are still poorly understood. This lack of knowledge includes Pt effects on marine organisms, which proved to be able to bioconcentrate this trace element. Oysters Crassostrea gigas were exposed to stable Pt isotope spiked daily in seawater for 35 days. Seawater was renewed daily and spiked (with Pt(IV)) to three nominal Pt concentrations (50, 100, and 10,000 ng L−1) for two replicate series. Organotropism study revealed that gills, and to a lesser extent mantle, are the key organs regarding Pt accumulation, although a time- and concentration-dependent linear increase in Pt levels occurred in all the organs investigated (i.e., digestive gland, gonads, gills, mantle, and muscle). In oysters exposed to Pt concentrations of 10,000 ng L−1, significant biomarker impairments occurred, especially at cellular levels. They reflect altered lipofuscin and neutral lipid contents, as well as intralysosomal metal accumulation. These observations were attributed to activation of excretion/detoxification mechanisms, including Pt elimination through feces and clearly support the importance of the digestive gland in the response to direct Pt exposure. Despite relatively constant condition index, the integrative biological response (IBR) index suggests a generally decreasing health status of oysters.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the PiE staff at EHU/UPV for valuable technical assistance. They also acknowledge the two reviewers for their relevant comments.

Funding

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial supports from the FEDER Aquitaine-1999-Z0061, the COST Action TD1407, the EU FP7 Ocean 2013.2 Project SCHeMA (Project-Grant Agreement 614002), and the Basque Government (through a grant to consolidated research group CIG12/IT810-13). M. Abdou has benefited from a University of Bordeaux IdEx mobility grant.

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Correspondence to Melina Abdou.

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Abdou, M., Zaldibar, B., Medrano, R. et al. Organotropism and biomarker response in oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to platinum in seawater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 3584–3599 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3443-7

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Keywords

  • Platinum
  • Emerging contaminant
  • Isotopes
  • Marine bivalve
  • Biomarker
  • Ecotoxicology