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Molecular design of macrocyclic compounds for complete removal of thallium(I) from wastewater

  • Zhuo Zhao
  • Huan Tian
  • Menglong Zhang
  • Yongxiang Yang
  • Hongliang Zhang
Research Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Design of new adsorbents for complete removal of thallium(I) from wastewater is of significant importance. Based on the theory of binding ability between crown ether and metal ion, a kind of Tl(I)-selected crown ether, thio-18-crown-6 ether, was designed. Subsequently, modeling calculations were performed to investigate the microscopic interaction between 18-crown-6 ether and its sulfur-substituted derivatives with Tl+. The results showed that thio-18-crown-6 ether generally showed higher affinity to Tl+ than 18-crown-6. The stabilities of these complexes ranked in an order of 5S-18C6 > 4S-18C6(II) > 2S-18C6(I) > 2S-18C6(II) > 6S-18C6 > 3S-18C6 > 18C6 > 1S-18C6. The binding energies of 5S-18C6 with free Zn2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+, which are usually impurity ions in thallium-containing wastewater, were more negative than with Tl+, indicating more affinity of 5S-18C6 toward these free two-valence ions. However, after the influence of solvent (water) was taken into account, 5S-18C6 showed fairly high selectivity to Tl(I) over Zn2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+. Therefore, 5S-18C6 should be a proper compound which has the promising potential to be adopted for the complete and selective removal of Tl(I) from wastewater. Further synthesis and adsorption experiments are needed to verify this prediction.

Keywords

Molecular design Thallium Removal Molecular modeling calculation Wastewater 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51574003, U1703130, 51704011).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuo Zhao
    • 1
  • Huan Tian
    • 1
  • Menglong Zhang
    • 1
  • Yongxiang Yang
    • 2
  • Hongliang Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Metallurgical EngineeringAnhui University of TechnologyMaanshanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftthe Netherlands
  3. 3.School of Metallurgy and EnvironmentCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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