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Platelet-rich plasma as a potential therapeutic approach against lead nitrate- and/or gamma radiation-induced hepatotoxicity

  • Salma M. Abdel Fattah
  • Mostafa Saif-Elnasr
  • Ahmed F. Soliman
Research Article
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Abstract

Because of the potential regenerative and cytoprotective effects of its content of numerous bioactive growth factors and cytokines, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) became an attractive biomaterial for therapeutic purposes. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate the potential therapeutic effect of PRP against lead nitrate- and/or γ-radiation-induced hepatotoxicity. To do so, hepatotoxicity was induced in rats by intraperitoneal administration of lead nitrate (7.5 mg/kg) thrice weekly for two consecutive weeks and/or a whole-body γ-irradiation at a single dose of 6 Gy. Activated PRP (0.5 ml/kg) was injected subcutaneously 24 h after the last dose of lead nitrate and/or γ-irradiation and continued twice weekly for three successive weeks. Lead nitrate intoxication and/or γ-irradiation resulted in a significant elevation of serum alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase activities accompanied with a significant decrease in serum levels of total protein and albumin. Further, a significant increase in malondialdehyde level and nitric oxide content accompanied with a significant decrease in the reduced glutathione content and the enzyme activities of glutathione-S-transferase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase were observed. Additionally, hepatic extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and Akt signaling pathways were stimulated. PRP treatment notably ameliorated the induced cell injury, reduced the intracellular oxidative and interestingly increased the upregulation of phosphorylated ERK1/2 and Akt. Moreover, PRP treatment relieved lead nitrate and/or γ-radiation-induced hepatic histological damages. In conclusion, this study sheds the light on a probable therapeutic role of PRP against lead nitrate- and/or γ-radiation-induced hepatotoxicity which might attribute to its ability to activate ERK and Akt signaling pathways.

Keywords

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) Lead nitrate Gamma radiation Hepatotoxicity Oxidative stress Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) Akt 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Adel B. Kholoussy at the Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt for his assistance in examining and interpreting the histopathology aspects of this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salma M. Abdel Fattah
    • 1
  • Mostafa Saif-Elnasr
    • 2
  • Ahmed F. Soliman
    • 3
  1. 1.Drug Radiation Research Department, National Center for Radiation Research and TechnologyEgyptian Atomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Health Radiation Research Department, National Center for Radiation Research and TechnologyEgyptian Atomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Biochemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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