Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 34, pp 34487–34495 | Cite as

Evaluation of corrosion control products on a distribution system through crowdsourcing

  • Selene Hernandez RuizEmail author
  • Julia Perdrial
  • Dustin Segraves
Research Article


Crowdsourcing of citizens was used to determine the effectiveness of corrosion control in a water distribution system. This study examines the frequency and severity of “Red Water” complaints over a period of 4 years, and two different corrosion control chemicals, polyphosphate and zinc orthophosphate. The data revealed that the frequency of Red Water complaints was higher when using zinc orthophosphate while the severity (higher iron) was higher when using polyphosphates. Varying the dose of zinc orthophosphate to account for cold months induced a greater number of customer complaints. Moreover, corrosion coupons studies suggest similar performance of both corrosion inhibitor products. The corrosion and complaints might be driven by microbial-induced processes in which diatoms might play a significant role.


Corrosion Crowdsourcing Lead Red Water Orthophosphate Polyphosphate MIC Distribution system 



Leigh Ann Kitsmiller, Laboratory Manager; Robert Moore and his flushing crews for installation of the coupon racks and the numerous samples collected; James Guerra and Kara Stanley from the Water Quality Division at the City of Oklahoma City for the endless hours of data collection and organization.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Selene Hernandez Ruiz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julia Perdrial
    • 2
  • Dustin Segraves
    • 3
  1. 1.Water Quality DivisionOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeologyThe University of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Water Quality Division SuperintendentOklahoma CityUSA

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