Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31727–31736 | Cite as

Human health risks of Hg, As, Mn, and Cr through consumption of fish, Ticto barb (Puntius ticto) from a tropical river, Bangladesh

  • Mohammad Belal HossainEmail author
  • Abu Sayeed Shafiuddin Ahmed
  • Md. Shafiqul Islam Sarker
Research Article


Metals tend to accumulate in higher organisms, e.g., fish and human through biomagnification effects in food chain. So, their presence in any component of the environment has become a global ecosystem and health concern. Here, we measured four health concerned metals like As, Cr, Mn, and Hg via inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and analyzed applying some chemometrics for the assessment of human health risk through consumption of Puntius ticto, a very commonly consumed small fish in Bangladesh. The average concentration (wet weight) of metals was in the following descending order: Hg (0.006 mg/kg) > Cr (0.004 mg/kg) > Mn (0.003 mg/kg) > As (0.002 mg/kg). Hg level exceeded the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI), and all other metals were within the permissible limit. The estimated daily intake (EDI) index of heavy metals showed that all the concentration levels were under the recommended daily intake (RDA) except Hg. Increased level of Hg is of particular concern to human health due to its biomagnification nature and can cause several neurological and physiological disorders including kidney failure. The total target hazard quotients (TTHQs) and carcinogenic risk (CR) matrices revealed that the intakes of Hg and As through fish consumption were higher than the recommended values, indicating consumers’ remain non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic (THQ > 1; CR > 10−5) health risks for lifetime consumption. Multivariate analyses (cluster and principal component) explained the sources of heavy metals in the study area originating from both anthropogenic and geological origin.


Heavy metal Fish Human health risk assessment Carcinogenic risk Gomti River Bangladesh 



The authors thank the authority of forensic science laboratory of Rapid Action Battalion headquarters, Bangladesh, for providing laboratory facilities to analyze fish samples using the conventional technique.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Marine ScienceNoakhali Science and Technology UniversityNoakhaliBangladesh
  2. 2.Forensic Science LaboratoryRapid Action Battalions HeadquartersDhakaBangladesh

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