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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31497–31507 | Cite as

Utilization of freshwater mussel (Lamellidens marginalis) for the isolation of proteins through pH shift processing: characterization of isolates

  • Vijay Kumar Reddy Surasani
  • Amit Mandal
  • Abhed Pandey
Research Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Study was conducted to use underutilized freshwater mussel (Lamellidens marginalis) for the recovery of proteins using pH shift method and to study the functionality and characteristics of the recovered isolates. From the pH range tested (pH 2.0–13.0), maximum protein yields were obtained during solubilization at pH 2.0 and pH 13.0 (p < 0.05). During the protein recovery process, pH 13.0 was found to have minimal effect on proteins resulting in higher protein yields compared to pH 2.0. Isolates obtained by both acidic and alkaline solubilization processes had low stability and poor gel network. Total lipid content, total myoglobin, and pigment contents were reduced significantly (p < 0.05) during pH shift processing, resulting in whiter protein isolates and protein gels. All the essential amino acids were present in the isolates recovered by acid and alkaline solubilization, indicating the complete recovery of amino acids. No microbial counts were observed in any of the isolates prepared using acid and alkaline-aided processing. Acid and alkaline solubilization (pH shift) process was found to be promising for the recovery of proteins from underutilized freshwater mussel thus by reducing the supply demand gap.

Keywords

Mussel Protein pH shift Acid Alkali Isolate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors wish to express their sincere thanks to the Dean, College of Fisheries, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, India, for the support and facilities provided during the work period. Authors wish to express their sincere thanks to Mrs. Manvinder Kaur for her technical help during the manuscript preparation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Harvest and Post-harvest Technology, College of FisheriesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Aquaculture, College of FisheriesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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