Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31358–31367 | Cite as

Fenton oxidation of municipal secondary effluent: comparison of Fe/Ce-RGO (reduced graphene oxide) and Fe2+ as catalysts

  • Zhong Wan
  • Jianlong Wang
Research Article
  • 155 Downloads

Abstract

The advanced treatment of municipal secondary effluent by heterogeneous and homogeneous Fenton processes using Fe/Ce-RGO (reduced graphene oxide) and Fe2+ as catalysts was studied and compared. Sulfamethazine (SMT) was spiked in the effluent to examine the effectiveness of the emerging contaminant removal. The Fe/Ce-RGO catalyst was characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and cycle voltammetry curves. The removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), SMT, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy in 254 nm (UV254) of municipal secondary effluents was examined. The DOC removal efficiency of secondary effluent (without addition of SMT) was 36.30% and 11.74% using Fe/Ce-RGO and Fe2+ as catalysts, respectively. The removal efficiency of DOC, SCOD, and SMT in heterogeneous Fenton process was higher than that in homogeneous Fenton process. The changes of three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3DEEM) fluorescence, soluble microbial products (SMPs), humic acids, and UV254 were determined, and the results indicated that UV254, aromatic proteins, and humic acids decreased rapidly in both processes; however, polysaccharides and protein-like substances were difficult to degrade. Although some toxic substances produced after Fenton-like treatment, the biodegradability of the treated effluent was enhanced.

Keywords

Municipal secondary effluent Fenton process Catalyst Sulfamethazine 

Notes

Funding information

The research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51338005) and the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT-13026).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3150_MOESM1_ESM.docx (141 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 141 kb)

References

  1. Bai ZY, Yang Q, Wang JL (2016a) Catalytic ozonation of sulfamethazine antibiotics using Ce0.1Fe0.9OOH: catalyst preparation and performance. Chemosphere 161:174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bai ZY, Yang Q, Wang JL (2016b) Catalytic ozonation of sulfamethazine using Ce0.1Fe0.9OOH as catalyst: mineralization and catalytic mechanisms. Chem Eng J 300:169–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baran W, Sochacka J, Wardas W (2006) Toxicity and biodegradability of sulfonamides and products of their photocatalytic degradation in aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 65:1295–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barker DJ, Stuckey DC (1999) A review of soluble microbial products (SMP) in wastewater treatment systems. Water Res 33:3063–3082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bielski BH, Cabelli DE, Arudi RL, Ross AB (1985) Reactivity of HO2/O 2 radicals in aqueous solution. J Phys Chem Ref Data 14:1041–1100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bossmann SH, Oliveros E, Göb S, Kantor M, Göppert A, Lei L, Yue PL, Braun AM (2000) Degradation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) by homogeneous and heterogeneous photocatalysis applied to the photochemically enhanced Fenton reaction. Water Sci Technol 44:257–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Callander IJ, Barford JP (1983) Anaerobic digestion of high sulphate cane juice stillage in a tower fermenter. Biotechnol Lett 5:755–760Google Scholar
  8. Chen W, Westerhoff P, Leenheer JA, Booksh K (2003) Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix regional integration to quantify spectra for dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 37:5701–5710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. D’Andrade BW, Datta S, Forrest SR, Djurovich P, Polikarpov E, Thompson ME (2005) Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors. Org Electron 6:11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Danilczuk M, Schlick S, Coms FD (2009) Cerium (III) as a stabilizer of perfluorinated membranes used in fuel cells: in situ detection of early events in the ESR resonator. Macromolecules 42:8943–8949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ding HJ, Wu YX, Zou BC, Lou Q, Zhang WH, Zhong JY, Lu L, Dai GF (2016) Simultaneous removal and degradation characteristics of sulfonamide, tetracycline, and quinolone antibiotics by laccase-mediated oxidation coupled with soil adsorption. J Hazard Mater 307:350–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Esplugas S, Bila DM, Krause LGT, Dezotti M (2007) Ozonation and advanced oxidation technologies to remove endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in water effluents. J Hazard Mater 149:631–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Garcia-Segura S, Keller J, Brillas E, Radjenovic J (2015) Removal of organic contaminants from secondary effluent by anodic oxidation with a boron-doped diamond anode as tertiary treatment. J Hazard Mater 283:551–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gubler L, Koppenol WH (2011) Kinetic simulation of the chemical stabilization mechanism in fuel cell membranes using cerium and manganese redox couples. J Electrochem Soc 159:B211–B218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo J, Al-Dahhan M (2006) Activity and stability of iron-containing pillared clay catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol. Appl Catal A Gen 299:175–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Dinsdale RM, Guwy AJ (2008) The occurrence of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine disruptors and illicit drugs in surface water in south wales, UK. Water Res 42:3498–3518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koyuncu I, Arikan OA, Wiesner MR, Rice C (2008) Removal of hormones and antibiotics by nanofiltration membranes. J Membr Sci 309:94–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Liang XM, Chen BW, Nie XP, Shi Z, Huang XP, Li XD (2013) The distribution and partitioning of common antibiotics in water and sediment of the Pearl River estuary, South China. Chemosphere 92:1410–1416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu YK, Wang JL (2013) Degradation of sulfamethazine by gamma irradiation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. J Hazard Mater 250:99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu Y, Fan Q, Wang JL (2018) Zn-Fe-CNTs catalytic in situ generation of H2O2 for Fenton-like degradation of sulfamethoxazole. J Hazard Mater 342:166–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu Y, Fan Q, Liu YL, Wang JL (2018a) Fenton-like oxidation of 4-chlorophenol using H2O2 in situ generated by Zn-Fe-CNTs composite. J Environ Manag 214:252–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu Y, Zhou A, Liu YL, Wang JL (2018b) Enhanced degradation and mineralization of 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol by Zn-CNTs/O3 system. Chemosphere 191:54–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Luo Y, Xu L, Rysz M, Wang YQ, Zhang H, Alvarez PJJ (2011) Occurrence and transport of tetracycline, sulfonamide, quinolone, and macrolide antibiotics in the Haihe river basin, China. Environ Sci Technol 45:1827–1833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lv AH, Hu C, Nie YL, Qu JL (2012) Catalytic ozonation of toxic pollutants over magnetic cobalt-doped Fe3O4 suspensions. Appl Catal B Environ 117:246–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ning GQ, Fan ZJ, Wang G, Gao JS, Qian WZ, Wei F (2011) Gram-scale synthesis of nanomesh graphene with high surface area and its application in supercapacitor electrodes. Chem Commun 47:5976–5978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Puspita P, Roddick F, Porter N (2015) Efficiency of sequential ozone and UV-based treatments for the treatment of secondary effluent. Chem Eng J 268:337–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Putra EK, Pranowo R, Sunarso J, Indraswati N, Ismadji S (2009) Performance of activated carbon and bentonite for adsorption of amoxicillin from wastewater: mechanisms, isotherms and kinetics. Water Res 43:2419–2430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Richardson BJ, Lam PKS, Martin M (2005) Emerging chemicals of concern: pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in Asia, with particular reference to southern China. Mar Pollut Bull 50:913–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Snyder SA, Adham S, Redding AM, Cannon FS, Decarolis J, Oppenheimer J, Wert EC, Yoon Y (2007) Role of membranes and activated carbon in the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals. Desalination 202:156–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Taheran M, Brar SK, Verma M, Surampalli RY, Zhang TC, Valero JR (2016) Membrane processes for removal of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) from water and wastewaters. Sci Total Environ 547:60–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tang JT, Wang JL (2018) Metal organic framework with coordinatively unsaturated sites as efficient Fenton-like catalyst for enhanced degradation of sulfamethazine. Environ Sci Technol 52:5367–5377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wan Z, Wang JL (2016a) Ce-Fe-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as an efficient catalyst for sulfamethazine degradation in aqueous solution. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:18542–18551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wan Z, Wang JL (2016b) Ce-doped zero-valent iron nanoparticles as Fenton-like catalyst for degradation of sulfamethazine. RSC Adv 6:103523–103531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wan Z, Wang JL (2017a) Degradation of sulfamethazine antibiotics using Fe3O4-Mn3O4 nanocomposite as a Fenton-like catalyst. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 92:874–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wan Z, Wang JL (2017b) Degradation of sulfamethazine using Fe3O4-Mn3O4/reduced graphene oxide hybrid as Fenton-like catalyst. J Hazard Mater 324:653–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wan Z, Wang JL (2017c) Fenton-like degradation of sulfamethazine using Fe3O4-Mn3O4 nanocomposite catalyst: kinetics and catalytic mechanism. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:568–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wan Z, Hu J, Wang JL (2016) Removal of sulfamethazine antibiotics using Ce/Fe-graphene nanocomposite as catalyst by Fenton-like process. J Environ Manag 182:284–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang JL, Bai ZY (2017) Fe-based catalysts for heterogeneous catalytic ozonation of emerging contaminants in water and wastewater. Chem Eng J 312:79–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang JL, Chu LB (2016) Irradiation treatment of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in water and wastewater: an overview. Radiat Phys Chem 125:56–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang JL, Wang SZ (2016) Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from wastewater: a review. J Environ Manag 182:620–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wang SZ, Wang JL (2017) Carbamazepine degradation by gamma irradiation coupled to biological treatment. J Hazard Mater 321:639–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wang JL, Wang SZ (2018a) Activation of persulfate (PS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and application for the degradation of emerging contaminants. Chem Eng J 334:1502–1517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang JL, Wang SZ (2018b) Microbial degradation of sulfamethoxazole in the environment. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 102:3573–3582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang JL, Xu LJ (2012) Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment: formation of hydroxyl radical and application. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 42:251–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang JL, Zhuang ST (2017) Removal of various pollutants from water and wastewater by modified chitosan adsorbents. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 47:2331–2386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang SZ, Yin YN, Wang JL (2016) Enhanced biodegradation of triclosan by means of gamma irradiation. Chemosphere 167:406–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang JL, Zhuan R, Chu LB (2019) The occurrence, distribution and degradation of antibiotics by ionizing radiation: an overview. Sci Total Environ 646:1385–1397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wu J, Ma L, Chen Y, Cheng Y, Liu Y, Zha X (2016) Catalytic ozonation of organic pollutants from bio-treated dyeing and finishing wastewater using recycled waste iron shavings as a catalyst: removal and pathways. Water Res 92:140–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Xu LJ, Wang JL (2013) Degradation of chlorophenols using a novel Fe0/CeO2 composite. Appl Catal B Environ 142:396–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Xu WH, Zhang G, Zou SC, Ling ZH, Wang GL, Yan WW (2009) A preliminary investigation on the occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in the yellow river and its tributaries, China. Water Environ Res 81:248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yang SX, Zhu WP, Jiang ZP, Chen ZX, Wang JB (2006) The surface properties and the activities in catalytic wet air oxidation over ceo 2–tio 2 catalysts. Appl Surf Sci 252:8499–8505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Young BJ, Riera NI, Eugenia ME, Bres PA, Crespo DC, Ronco AE (2012) Toxicity of the effluent from an anaerobic bioreactor treating cereal residues on Lactuca sativa. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 76:182–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang SX, Zhao XL, Niu HY, Shi YL, Cai YQ, Jiang GB (2009) Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles as catalysts for the catalytic oxidation of phenolic and aniline compounds. J Hazard Mater 167:560–566Google Scholar
  54. Zhao H, Dong YM, Wang GL, Jiang PP, Zhang JJ, Wu LN, Li K (2013) Novel magnetically separable nanomaterials for heterogeneous catalytic ozonation of phenol pollutant: NiFe2O4 and their performances. Chem Eng J 219:295–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, INETTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Radioactive Waste TreatmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations