Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 30, pp 30708–30719 | Cite as

The effect of ICT, financial development, growth, and trade openness on CO2 emissions: an empirical analysis

  • Yongmoon ParkEmail author
  • Fanchen Meng
  • Muhammad Awais Baloch
Research Article


This study investigates the impact of Internet use, financial development, economic growth, and trade openness on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in selected European Union (EU) countries. To this end, pooled mean group (PMG) estimator is utilized for panel data from 2001 to 2014. Empirical findings suggest that Internet use has long-run relationship with CO2 emissions and lowering the environmental quality in EU countries. Also, the electricity consumption has a positive and significant effect on CO2 emissions. Moreover, interestingly, economic growth and financial development have a diminishing negative impact on CO2 emission. Heterogeneous panel Granger causality results suggest unidirectional causality running from Internet use to CO2 emissions. The finding implies that the European Union countries did not achieve the level of green information and telecommunication (ICTs) consumption. Overall, the innovative findings indicate that Internet use is raising the threat to the sustainable development. Thus, to curb and mitigate CO2 emissions from Internet use and electricity consumption is the need of time to maintain the sustainable development in EU countries.


Financial development Internet use Trade openness CO2 emission EU countries 



This study was supported by a project, namely Humanities and Social Science Fund of the Ministry of Education of China (Reference No. 17YJAC30072).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongmoon Park
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fanchen Meng
    • 1
  • Muhammad Awais Baloch
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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