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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 30917–30927 | Cite as

Cadmium accumulation and subcellular distribution in populations of Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba

  • Jun Yang
  • Junmei Guo
  • Junxing Yang
Research Article
  • 248 Downloads

Abstract

A pot experiment was conducted among six populations of Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba: four from Jiangsu province, one from Shandong province, and one from Shanxi province, China, to investigate the variation of Cd accumulation and subcellular distribution of this species (a newly reported Cd high accumulator). Under five different real Cd-contaminated soils (Cd: 0.93–97.97 mg/kg), results showed considerable differences in Cd concentration in (a) leaf (1.09–50.7 mg/kg), (b) stem (0.61–13.0 mg/kg), and (c) root (1.55–24.5 mg/kg) among the populations. Analysis of subcellular Cd distribution indicated that Cd accumulated in the leaves of H. spectabile was mainly in the cellular debris (44.1 to 53.5%), followed by heat-stable protein (HSP, 20.9 to 29.0%), Cd-rich granules (MRG, 9.9 to 19.5%), heat-denatured protein (6.0 to 8.5%), and organelle fractions (3.1 to 7.4%). The populations of H. spectabile with more Cd partitioned to cellular debris and biological detoxified metal (HSP + MRG) fractions have greater capacity to accumulate Cd, indicating the probable intrinsic mechanism to accumulate Cd. Therefore, H. spectabile has the considerable potential of phytoremediation for Cd-contaminated soils, but screening suitable populations according to soil Cd concentrations is necessary before used for phytoremediation of Cd-contaminated soils.

Keywords

Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba Phytoremediation Cadmium Subcellular distribution 

Notes

Funding

The research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC Nos. 41771509, 41771510, 41201312, 41271478), Science and Technology Service Network Initiative (KFJ-EW-STS-014), Special Project for Institute of Chinese Academic Sciences (TSYJS01), Phytoremediation Project of Farmland Polluted by Heavy Metal in Jiyuan County (JGZJ-2015152-01), and National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0800601).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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