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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31508–31519 | Cite as

Adsorption of basic and reactive dyes from aqueous solution onto Intsia bijuga sawdust-based activated carbon: batch and column study

  • Azduwin Khasri
  • Mohd Azmier Ahmad
Research Article

Abstract

The adsorption behavior of basic, methylene blue (MB), and reactive, remazol brilliant violet 5R (RBV), dyes from aqueous solution onto Intsia bijuga sawdust-based activated carbon (IBSAC) was executed via batch and column studies. The produced activated carbon was characterized through Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and pore structural analysis, proximate and ultimate, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Batch studies were performed to investigate the effects of contact time, initial concentration, and solution pH. The equilibrium data for both MB and RBV adsorption better fits Langmuir model with maximum adsorption capacity of 434.78 and 212.77 mg/g, respectively. Kinetic studies for both MB and RBV dyes showed that the adsorption process followed a pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models. For column mode, the breakthrough curves were plotted by varying the flow rate, bed height, and initial concentration and the breakthrough data were best correlated with the Yoon-Nelson model compared to Thomas and Adams-Bohart model. The adsorption activity of IBSAC shows good stability even after four consecutive cycles.

Keywords

Intsia bijuga sawdust Activated carbon Dye adsorption Batch Fixed bed column Regeneration 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by the Universiti Sains Malaysia under the Iconic grant scheme (Grant No. 1001/CKT/870023) for research associated with the Solid Waste Management Cluster, Bridging grant (304.PJKIMIA.6316100) and short term grant (304.PJKIMIA.60312032).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Kampus Unicity Sungai ChuchuhUniversiti Malaysia PerlisPadang BesarMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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