Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 30, pp 30567–30574 | Cite as

Orthogonal design-guided preparation of multi-level porous-activated carbon by pyrolysis of waste polyester textiles

  • Xiaoying Yu
  • Shuhua WangEmail author
  • Yindong Gao
  • Zhanxia Bao
Research Article


Multi-level porous amorphous-activated carbon with excellent adsorption performance was prepared by a ZnCl2-assisted pyrolysis of waste polyester textiles. Experimental parameters were optimized by using orthogonal design. Result of orthogonal design revealed that pyrolysis temperature and pyrolysis time were the dominant individual factors. Samples prepared at the optimal condition were systematically characterized by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) porosity analyzer, FT-IR spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Iodine (I2), methylene blue (MB) and phenol (PhOH) were selected as target dyes to measure the adsorption performance. Experimental results showed that porous-activated carbon with multi-level pores could be obtained by optimizing experimental parameters. The specific surface area and total pore volume were calculated to be 846.37 m2 g−1 and 0.726 cm3 g−1, respectively. Benefit from its multi-level rich porosity, the optimized sample possessed attractive adsorption performance toward different types of dyes. The corresponding adsorption capacity toward I2, MB, and PhOH were calculated to be 980.48, 384.00, and 300.62 mg g−1, respectively.


Orthogonal design Waste polyester textiles Activated carbon Adsorption 


Funding information

The study was financially supported by the Scientific Research Fund of Taiyuan University of Technology (Project No.20504020203) and Research Initiation Funds for the returned Chinese scholars (Project No.2017048).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoying Yu
    • 1
  • Shuhua Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yindong Gao
    • 1
  • Zhanxia Bao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Textile EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyJinzhongPeople’s Republic of China

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