Electrochemical degradation of Mordant Blue 13 azo dye using boron-doped diamond and dimensionally stable anodes: influence of experimental parameters and water matrix
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In this work, the electrooxidation as environmentally clean technology has been studied to the degradation of Mordant Blue 13 azo dye (MB13) using boron-doped diamond (p-Si/BDD) and oxide ruthenium titanium (Ti/Ru0.3Ti0.7O2 (DSA)) anodes in various water matrices: distilled water (DW), hot tap water (HTW), and simulated wastewaters with (SWS) and without surfactant (SW). The influence of experimental parameters, such as current density, initial dye concentration, electrolysis time/specific charge, and pH on the MB13 degradation rate, current efficiency, and energy consumption, has been determined. The enhanced rate of both color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal in sulfate aqueous solutions with BDD was observed, which indicates that sulfate (SO4−•) radicals along with •OH ones might be responsible for the degradation process. The MB13 decolorization process obeyed a pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics with the apparent rate constant from 7.36 × 10−2 min−1 to 4.39 × 10−1 min−1 for BDD and from 9.2 × 10−3 min−1 to 2.11 × 10−2 min−1 for DSA depending on the electrolysis conditions. The effect of water matrix on the decolorization and COD removal efficiency has been evaluated. Inorganic ions, mordant salt, and surfactant contained in simulated effluents decelerated the COD decay compared to DW and HTW for the both anodes; meanwhile, they differently affected the discoloration process. A comparison of the specific energy consumption for each electrocatalytic material under different experiment conditions has been made. The BDD electrode was more efficient than the DSA to oxidize the MB13 dye in all kinds of water.
KeywordsElectrochemical degradation Mordant Blue 13 azo dye BDD DSA Wastewater treatment Water matrix
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