Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 28, pp 28695–28704 | Cite as

Effect of amendments on contaminated soil of multiple heavy metals and accumulation of heavy metals in plants

  • Renyuan Wang
  • Mohammad Shafi
  • Jiawei Ma
  • Bin Zhong
  • Jia Guo
  • Xiaowei Hu
  • Weijie Xu
  • Yun Yang
  • Zhongqiang Ruan
  • Ying Wang
  • Zhengqian Ye
  • Dan Liu
Research Article
  • 182 Downloads

Abstract

The contamination of soil with heavy metals is a severe problem due to adverse impact of heavy metals on environmental safety and human health. It is essential to remediate soil contaminated with heavy metals. This study has evaluated the effects of pine biochar, kaolin, and triple super phosphate (TSP) on multiple heavy metals (Ni, Zn, Cu, and Cd) in contaminated soil and accumulation of heavy metals in plants. The amendments can reduce availability of heavy metals in soil by increasing pH, adsorption, complexation, or co-precipitation. Different amendments have variable effects on accumulation of heavy metals in plants and in soil due to its diverse mechanism of stability. The results showed that application of triple super phosphate (TSP) has significant reduced soil Cd exchangeable (EXC) fraction from 58.59 to 21.30%. Bound to carbonates (CAR) fraction decreased from 9.84 to 5.11%, and bound to Fe-Mn oxides (OX) fraction increased from 29.61 to 69.86%. The triple super phosphate (TSP) has the ability to stabilize Cu and especially Cd. However, triple super phosphate (TSP) has enhanced ecological risk of Zn and Ni. Application of pine biochar has significantly enhanced soil pH. The kaolin has significantly reduced EXC fraction of Cd and increased OX fraction of Cu. The amendments and heavy metals have not caused significant effect on SPAD value of Buxus microphylla Siebold & Zucc (B. microphylla). The triple super phosphate (TSP) has significant decreased biomass of B. microphylla and bamboo-williow (Salix sp.) by 24.91 and 57.43%, respectively. Pine biochar and kaolin have increased the accumulation of Zn and Cd in plants. It is concluded that triple super phosphate (TSP) was effective in remediation of Cd and kaolin was effective in remediation of Cd and Cu. Pine biochar was effective in remediation of Cd, Cu, and Zn.

Keywords

Heavy metals Multiple heavy metal contamination Fraction distribution Stabilization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was financially supported through a grant from the Natural Science Foundation of China (31670617), key research and development project of Science Technology Department of Zhejiang province (2015C03020-2) and key research and development project of Science Technology Department of Zhejiang province (2018C03028).

References

  1. Asai H, Samson BK, Stephan HM, Songyikhangsuthor K, Homma K, Kiyono Y et al (2009) Biochar amendment techniques for upland rice production in Northern Laos: 1. Soil physical properties, leaf SPAD and grain yield. Field Crop Res 111:81–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Basta NT, Gradwohl R, Snethen KL, Schroder JL (2001) Chemical immobilization of lead, zinc, and cadmium in smelter-contaminated soils using biosolids and rock phosphate. J Environ Qual 30:1222–1230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boyd RS, Rajakaruna N (2013) Heavy metal tolerance. Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology 8:499–505(7)Google Scholar
  4. Cao X, Dai (2011) Combined pollution of multiple heavy metals and their chemical immobilization in contaminated soils: a review. Chin J Environ Eng 5:1441–1453 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Cao X, Ma LQ, Rhue DR, Appel CS (2004) Mechanisms of lead, copper, and zinc retention by phosphate rock. Environ Pollut 131:435–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen WF, Zhang WM, Meng J (2013) Advances and prospects in research of biochar utilization in agriculture. Sci Agric Sin 46:3324–3333 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Chen XM, Guotao HU, Yang X, Zhengqian YE, Xiaohong WU, Wang H (2017) Heavy metal accumulation and physiological response of bamboo-willow plants to soil co-contaminated with Cd and Zn. Acta Sci Circumst 37(10):3968–3976 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Fidel RB, Laird DA, Thompson ML, Lawrinenko M (2017) Characterization and quantification of biochar alkalinity. Chemosphere 167:367–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gomez-Eyles JL, Sizmur T, Collins CD et al (2011) Effects of biochar and the earthworm Eisenia fetida on the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and potentially toxic elements. Environ Pollut 159:616–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guo G, Lei M, Chen T, Yang J (2017) Evaluation of different amendments and foliar fertilizer for immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils. J Soils Sediments 24:1–9Google Scholar
  11. Huang G, Su X, Rizwan MS, Zhu Y, Hu H (2016) Chemical immobilization of Pb, Cu, and Cd by phosphate materials and calcium carbonate in contaminated soils. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 23:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jia LL, Chen XP, Zhang FS (2007) The comparision of spad chlorophyll meter and sap nitrate test as N diagnosis methods for winter wheat. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica 06:157–160 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Jia Z, Liu X, Bu Y, Hao J, Li J (2013) Effects of bentonite on the growth and physiological resistance of rape in copper contaminated soil. J Shanxi Agric Univ 33(03):250–254 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. Jiang J, Xu RK (2013) Application of crop straw derived biochars to Cu(II) contaminated Ultisol: evaluating role of alkali and organic functional groups in Cu(II) immobilization. Bioresour Technol 133:537–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jin HP, Choppala GK, Bolan NS, Chung JW, Chuasavathi T (2011) Biochar reduces the bioavailability and phytotoxicity of heavy metals. Plant Soil 348:439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kang H, Lin J, Zhang N, Bao L, Liu B (2015) Passivation effect of different passive materials on heavy metal polluted soil. Chin Agric Sci Bull 31(35):176–180 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Kumpiene J, Lagerkvist A, Maurice C (2008) Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soil using amendments—a review. Waste Manag 28:215–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li T, Hu Y, Du X, Tang H, Shen C, Wu J (2014) Salicylic acid alleviates the adverse effects of salt stress in Torreya grandis cv. Merrillii seedlings by activating photosynthesis and enhancing antioxidant systems. PLoS One 9(10):e109492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li S, Islam E, Peng D, Chen J, Wang Y, Wu J et al (2015) Accumulation and localization of cadmium in moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) grown hydroponically. Acta Physiol Plant 37:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li YF, Hu SD, Chen JH, Müller K, Li YC, Fu WJ, Lin ZW, Wang HL (2018a) Effects of biochar application in forest ecosystems on soil properties and greenhouse gas emissions: a review. J Soils Sediments 18:546–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li YC, Li YF, Chang SX, Yang YF, Fu SL, Jiang PK, Luo Y, Yang M, Chen ZH, Hu SD, Zhao MX, Liang X, Xu QF, Zhou GM, Zhou JZ (2018b) Biochar reduces soil heterotrophic respiration in a subtropical plantation through increasing soil organic carbon recalcitrancy and decreasing carbon-degrading microbial activity. Soil Biol Biochem 122:173–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liang J, Yang Z, Tang L, Zeng G, Yu M, Li X et al (2017) Changes in heavy metal mobility and availability from contaminated wetland soil remediated with combined biochar-compost. Chemosphere 181:281–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lin ZW, Li YF, Tang CX, Luo Y, Fu WJ, Cai XQ, Li YC, Yue T, Jiang PK, Hu SD, Chang SX (2018) Converting natural evergreen broadleaf forests to intensively managed moso bamboo plantations affects the pool size and stability of soil organic carbon and enzyme activities. Biol Fertil Soils 54:467–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu D, Li TQ, Yang XE, Islam E, Jin XF, Mahmood Q (2008) Effect of Pb on leaf antioxidant enzyme activities and ultrastructure of the two ecotypes of Sedum alfredii Hance. Russ J Plant Physiol 55:68–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu D, Chen J, Mahmood Q, Li S, Wu J, Ye Z et al (2014) Effect of Zn toxicity on root morphology, ultrastructure, and the ability to accumulate Zn in Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 21:13615–13624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu D, Li S, Islam E, Chen JR, Wu JS, Ye ZQ et al (2015) Lead accumulation and tolerance of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) seedlings: applications of phytoremediation. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 16:123–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu L, Li W, Song W, Guo M (2018) Remediation techniques for heavy metal-contaminated soils: principles and applicability. Sci Total Environ 633:206–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maroušek J, Hašková S, Zeman R, Žák J, Vaníčková R, Maroušková A et al (2015a) Techno-economic assessment of processing the cellulose casings waste. Clean Techn Environ Policy 17:2441–2446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maroušek J, Maroušková A, Myšková K, Váchal J, Vochozka M, Žák J (2015b) Techno-economic assessment of collagen casings waste management. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:3385–3390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maroušek J, Kolář L, Vochozka M, Stehel V, Maroušková A (2017a) Novel method for cultivating beetroot reduces nitrate content. J Clean Prod 168:60–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maroušek J, Vochozka M, Plachý J, Žák J (2017b) Glory and misery of biochar. Clean Techn Environ Policy 19:311–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Maroušek J, Kolář L, Vochozka M, Stehel V, Maroušková A (2018) Biochar reduces nitrate level in red beet. Environ Sci Pollut Res 4:1–4Google Scholar
  33. Mcgowen SL, Basta NT, Brown GO (2001) Use of diammonium phosphate to reduce heavy metal solubility and transport in smelter-contaminated soil. J Environ Qual 30:493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Niazi NK, Singh B, Minasny B (2015) Mid-infrared spectroscopy and partial least-squares regression to estimate soil arsenic at a highly variable arsenic-contaminated site. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rizwan M, Ali S, Zia MUR, Rinklebe J, Tsang D, Bashir A et al (2018) Cadmium phytoremediation potential of Brassica crop species: a review. Sci Total Environ 631-632:1175–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Seshadri B, Bolan NS, Choppala G, Kunhikrishnan A, Sanderson P, Wang H et al (2017) Potential value of phosphate compounds in enhancing immobilization and reducing bioavailability of mixed heavy metal contaminants in shooting range soil. Chemosphere 184:197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shao Y, Chen JX, Li XM, Cui JM, Wang WP (2017) The remediation of growth and yield characteristics of wheat under Pb stress by four kinds of organic materials. Ecol Environ Sci 26:315–322 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Shirvani M, Sherkat Z, Khalili B, Bakhtiary S (2015) Sorption of Pb(II) on palygorskite and sepiolite in the presence of amino acids: equilibria and kinetics. Geoderma 249-250:21–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tessier A, Campbell PGC, Bisson M (1979) Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Anal Chem 51:844–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Thawornchaisit U, Polprasert C (2009) Evaluation of phosphate fertilizers for the stabilization of cadmium in highly contaminated soils. J Hazard Mater 165:1109–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Theodoratos P, Papassiopi N, Xenidis A (2002) Evaluation of monobasic calcium phosphate for the immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils from Lavrion. J Hazard Mater 94(2):135–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Usman A, Kuzyakov Y, Stahr K (2005) Effect of clay minerals on immobilization of heavy metals and microbial activity in a sewage sludge-contaminated soil (8 pp). J Soils Sediments 5(4):245–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Varela SA, Weigandt MN, Willems P, Bianchi E, Diez JP, Gyenge JE (2015) Physiological status of conifer seedlings treated with radiation, drought and frost stress mitigation techniques: a laboratory assessment. New For 47(1):1–17Google Scholar
  44. Wahba MM, Labib BF, Darwish KM, Zaghloul MA (2016) Application of bentonite and zeolite to eliminate the hazards of cadmium, copper and nickel metals in contaminated soils. Clay Res 35(1):34–42Google Scholar
  45. Wang ZL, Li YF, Chang SX, Zhang JJ, Jiang PK, Zhou GM, Shen ZM (2014) Contrasting effects of bamboo leaf and its biochar on soil CO2 efflux and labile organic carbon in an intensively managed Chinese chestnut plantation. Biol Fertil Soils 50:1109–1119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang H, Yuan X, Wu Y, Zeng G, Chen X, Leng L et al (2015a) Facile synthesis of amino-functionalized titanium metal-organic frameworks and their superior visible-light photocatalytic activity for Cr(VI) reduction. J Hazard Mater 286:187–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang YH, Li MJ, Tang M, Ai SY, Yu DN (2015b) Effect of rice husk biochar on lettuce Cd uptake and soil fertility. Chin J Eco-Agric 23:207–214Google Scholar
  48. Wang M, Zhu Y, Cheng L, Andserson B, Zhao X, Wang D et al (2018) Review on utilization of biochar for metal-contaminated soil and sediment remediation. J Environ Sci 63:156–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wu YJ, Zhou H, Zou ZJ, Zhu W, Yang WT, Peng PQ, Zeng M, Liao BH (2016) A three-year in-situ study on the persistence of a combined amendment (limestone+sepiolite) for remedying paddy soil polluted with heavy metals. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 130:163–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Xu X, Cao X, Zhao L, Zhou H, Luo Q (2014) Interaction of organic and inorganic fractions of biochar with Pb. RSC Adv 4:44930–44937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xu Y, Liang X, Xu Y, Huang Q, Wang L, Sun Y (2017) Remediation of heavy metal-polluted agricultural soils using clay minerals: a review. Pedosphere 27:193–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yin D, Wang X, Chen C, Peng B, Tan C, Li H (2016) Varying effect of biochar on Cd, Pb and As mobility in a multi-metal contaminated paddy soil. Chemosphere 152:196–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang R, Zhang Y, Song L, Song X, Hänninen H, Wu J (2017) Biochar enhances nut quality of Torreya grandis and soil fertility under simulated nitrogen deposition. For Ecol Manag 391:321–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhao S, Feng C, Wang D, Liu Y, Shen Z (2013) Salinity increases the mobility of Cd, Cu, Mn, and Pb in the sediments of Yangtze estuary: relative role of sediments’ properties and metal speciation. Chemosphere 91:977–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhou D, Liu D, Gao F, Li M, Luo X (2017) Effects of biochar-derived sewage sludge on heavy metal adsorption and immobilization in soils. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:681CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renyuan Wang
    • 1
  • Mohammad Shafi
    • 2
  • Jiawei Ma
    • 1
  • Bin Zhong
    • 1
  • Jia Guo
    • 3
  • Xiaowei Hu
    • 1
  • Weijie Xu
    • 1
  • Yun Yang
    • 1
  • Zhongqiang Ruan
    • 1
  • Ying Wang
    • 1
  • Zhengqian Ye
    • 1
  • Dan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Key Laboratory of Soil Contamination Bioremediation of Zhejiang ProvinceZhejiang A & F UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Zhejiang Chengbang Landscape Co., LtdHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations