Novel combined method of biosorption and chemical precipitation for recovery of Pb2+ from wastewater
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A novel combined biosorption-precipitation process has been designed and applied to recycle Pb2+ from low concentration lead containing wastewater. Pb2+ was firstly removed selectively from wastewater by pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) modified sugarcane bagasse (SB) fixed-bed column, and then, it was desorbed into the concentrated eluate and recycled by adding chemical precipitant. Adsorption performance of the column and optimum desorption and precipitation condition for Pb2+ were investigated in detail. Results showed that the as-prepared column could efficiently remove Pb2+ from aqueous solution and optimum condition for Pb2+ precipitation in eluate was at pH 3.0 and molar ratio of precipitant to Pb2+ of 5:1 by using Na3PO4 as precipitant. Recovery experiment illustrated that Pb2+ was selectively removed from wastewater containing ions of Pb2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Ca2+, K+, and Na+ through competitive substitution adsorption on the modified SB, and mass ratio of the five metal ions in eluate was 96.8:0.7:0.7:0.7:0.5:0.5. Pb2+ in this concentrated and purified eluate solution was recycled efficiently by adding Na3PO4. The combined method had great potential in application of heavy metal recovery from wastewater.
KeywordsBiosorption Precipitation Sugarcane bagasse Pb2 + Adsorption
The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51574182, 51772110); the Key Project of Chinese Ministry of Education (No. 213024A); and the Program for Excellent Young Scientific and Technological Innovation Team of Hubei Provincial Department of Education (No. T201506).
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