Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 28, pp 28431–28444 | Cite as

The sap flow-based assessment of atmospheric trace gas uptake by three forest types in subtropical China on different timescales

  • Xia Chen
  • Ping ZhaoEmail author
  • Yanting Hu
  • Xiuhua Zhao
  • Lei Ouyang
  • Liwei Zhu
  • Guangyan Ni
Research Article


Assessing the uptake of trace gases by forests contributes to understanding the mechanisms of gas exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere and to evaluating the potential risk of these pollutant gases to forests. In this study, the multi-timescale characteristics of the stomatal uptake of NO, NO2, SO2 and O3 by Schima superba, Eucalyptus citriodora and Acacia auriculiformis were investigated by continuous sap flow measurements for a 3-year period. The peak canopy stomatal conductance (GC) for these three species appeared between 9:00 and 12:00, which was jointly regulated by the vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Additionally, annual and seasonal variations in the stomatal uptake of trace gases for these three tree species suggested that there was a combination effect between canopy stomatal conductance and ambient concentration on the uptake of trace gases. Furthermore, the result demonstrated that the trace gas absorption capacities among these three forest types followed the order of S. superba > E. citriodora > A. auriculiformis. The findings of this study have theoretical significance and application value in assessing air purification and the risk of harm to forests in Southern China.


Canopy stomatal conductance Trace gas uptake Sap flow measurements Environment Economic tree species Pollutant removal 


Funding information

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41630752 and 41275169).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xia Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ping Zhao
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yanting Hu
    • 1
  • Xiuhua Zhao
    • 1
  • Lei Ouyang
    • 1
  • Liwei Zhu
    • 1
  • Guangyan Ni
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems, South China Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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