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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 28, pp 28460–28470 | Cite as

Relationship between phytoplankton community and environmental factors in landscape water with high salinity in a coastal city of China

  • Nan Wang
  • Jiaqing Xiong
  • Xiaochang C. Wang
  • Yan Zhang
  • Honglei Liu
  • Bin Zhou
  • Pan Pan
  • Yanzheng Liu
  • Feiyang Ding
Research Article
  • 161 Downloads

Abstract

Relationship between phytoplankton community and environmental variables was explored in three landscape water bodies (namely Jiyun River Oxbow (JRO), Qingjing Lake (QL), and Jiyun River (JR)) with high salinity, located in Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city of China, using redundancy analysis (RDA). A total of 48 species of phytoplankton were identified during the study period, in which Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta accounted for 35.42 and 31.25%, respectively. The most dominant species of the studied water bodies were Cyclotella meneghiniana (Bacillariophyta) and Aphanocapsa elachista (Cyanophyta). The diversity index ranged from 0.56 to 1.42, with an average of 1.11, reflecting low biodiversity in the phytoplankton community. Moreover, the average density of phytoplankton was 42.39 × 106 cells/L, indicating that those landscape water bodies belonged to moderate eutrophication. The results of RDA revealed that the most significant environmental factors influencing phytoplankton community were water temperature (WT), dissolved total phosphorus (DTP), salinity, and total nitrogen (TN) (p < 0.05, Monte Carlo permutation test). Meanwhile, Aphanocapsa elachista was positively correlated with WT, TN, and salinity, while Cyclotella meneghiniana was positively related to salinity and negatively related to TP. The results suggested that salinity was a non-negligible key factor affecting the phytoplankton community of the water body with high salinity.

Keywords

High salinity Landscape water Phytoplankton Environmental factors RDA 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Program of Water Pollution Control (Grant No. 2012ZX07308-001-08), the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (Grant No. IRT0853), the Shaanxi Innovative Research Team Program for Key Science and Technology (No. IRT2013-13), and China Scholarship Council.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nan Wang
    • 1
  • Jiaqing Xiong
    • 1
  • Xiaochang C. Wang
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 2
  • Honglei Liu
    • 2
  • Bin Zhou
    • 2
  • Pan Pan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yanzheng Liu
    • 1
  • Feiyang Ding
    • 1
  1. 1.International S&T Cooperation Center for Urban Alternative Water Resources Development, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Engineering, Key Lab of Northwest Water Resources, Environment and Ecology, MOE, School of Environmental and Municipal EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Academy of Environmental SciencesTianjinChina
  3. 3.Wuhuan Engineering Co. Ltd.WuhuanChina

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