Distributions, influencing factors, and risk assessment of Dechlorane Plus and related compounds in surficial water and sediment from the Jiulong River Estuary, Southeast China
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Dechloranes, a type of additive polychlorinated flame retardant, which include Dechlorane (Dec) Plus (DP), Dec 602, Dec 603, and Dec 604, were detected in surficial water and sediment from the Jiulong River Estuary (JRE). The total concentration of dechloranes in the water and sediments ranged from 1.4 to 4.1 ng/L and 9.3 to 36.2 ng/g dry weight, respectively. The distribution patterns of dechloranes in the water and sediments were both dominated by DP. The average values of the anti-DP fractional abundances (fanti) in the water and sediment samples both were fell in the range of commercial DP mixtures. The relationships of DP in the water with suspended particulate matter (SPM), total organic carbon (TOC), and tides indicated that the combined actions of these environmental factors influenced the distribution of DP in the JRE. The deleterious risk associated with exposure to dechloranes via the water for adults was very low, suggesting that exposure of the local population of dechloranes via water is relatively safe in the JRE.
KeywordsDechlorane Plus Jiulong River Estuary Distribution Influencing factors Risk assessment
This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21577110, 21627814). Special thanks are given to Dr. Nengwang Chen of Xiamen University for helping with the sample collection during the cruise.
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