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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4300–4311 | Cite as

Treatment of synthetic dye baths by Fenton processes: evaluation of their environmental footprint through life cycle assessment

  • Claudia Mildred Grisales
  • Luis Miguel Salazar
  • Dorian Prato GarciaEmail author
Advanced Oxidation Technologies: State-of-the-Art in Ibero-American Countries
  • 118 Downloads

Abstract

Inorganic and organic constituents present in textile effluents have a noticeable effect on the performance of Fenton processes. However, studies have been focused on simple wastewater matrices that do not offer enough information to stakeholders to evaluate their real potential in large-scale facilities. Chemical auxiliaries, commonly present in textile wastewaters (NaCl = 30 g/L, Na2CO3 = 5 g/L, and CH3COONa = 1 g/L), affect both the economic and environmental performance of the process because they increase the treatment time (from 0.5 to 24 h) and the consumption of H2SO4 (657%) and NaOH (148%) during conditioning steps. The life cycle assessment (LCA) performed with the IPCC-2013 method revealed that dyeing auxiliaries increase from 1.06 to 3.73 (252%) the emissions of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-Eqv/m3). Electricity consumption can be considered an environmental hotspot because it represents 60% of the carbon footprint of the Fenton process. Also, the presence of auxiliaries is critical for the process because it results in the increase of the relative impact (between 50 and 80%) in all environmental categories considered by the ReCiPe-2008 method. Chemical auxiliaries increased the costs of the treatment process in 178% (US$2.22/m3) due to the higher energy consumption and the additional reagent requirements. It is worthwhile mentioning that the technical simplicity of the Fenton process and its low economic and environmental costs turn this process into an attractive alternative for the treatment of textile effluents in emerging economies.

Keywords

Azo Decolorization Dye baths Fenton Life cycle assessment Cost analysis 

Notes

Funding information

This research was funded by the National Program of Projects to Strengthen Research, Creativity, and Innovation in Graduate Studies of the National University of Colombia, 2016-2018 (Project HERMES 35797).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_2757_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1446 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sede Palmira, Facultad de Ingeniería y AdministraciónUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaPalmiraColombia

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