Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 18942–18960 | Cite as

Basic red 2 and methyl violet adsorption by date pits: adsorbent characterization, optimization by RSM and CCD, equilibrium and kinetic studies

  • Manel Wakkel
  • Besma KhiariEmail author
  • Féthi Zagrouba
Advanced Oxidation Process for Sustainable Water Management

Abstract

The potential of raw date pits as a natural, widely available and low-cost agricultural waste has been studied in order to adsorb cationic dyes from an aqueous solution. Date pits were characterized by FTIR, SEM, BET, and XRD analysis. To optimize removal of two industrial dyes, basic red 2 (BR2) and methyl violet (MV), from aqueous solution using date pits, response surface methodology (RSM) is employed. Tests were carried out as per central composite design (CCD) with four input parameters namely contact time, temperature, initial concentration of adsorbate, and pH. Second-order polynomial model better fits experimental data for BR2 and MV and optimum values were then determined. In the optimum conditions, kinetic study was conducted and the pseudo-second-order model was found the best fitted model compared to pseudo-first-order model. Moreover, it was shown that intraparticle diffusion was not the sole controlling step and could be associated with other transfer resistance. On other hand, equilibrium isotherms were obtained for BR2 and MV and their maximum adsorption capacities were 92 and 136 mg g−1 respectively. Two-parameter isotherm models like Langmuir, Temkin, Freundlich, Dubinin–Radushkevich, and Halsay were investigated to fit equilibrium data. Three error functions of residual root mean square error, chi-square statistic, and average relative error were used to comfort us in the selected models, which were actually Dubinin–Radushkevich and Langmuir for BR2 and Frendlich, Temkin, and Halsay for MV.

Keywords

Adsorption Basic red 2 Methyl violet Date pits Equilibrium isotherm Response surface methodology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank Borj-Cedria Technopark for FTIR, MEB, and BET analysis. A special thank to Dr. Halim Hammi for his support in experimental design part of this work.

References

  1. Abdelwahab O (2007) Kinetic and isotherm studies of copper (II) removal from wastewater using various adsorbents. Egypt J Aquat Res 33:125–143Google Scholar
  2. Adegoke KA, Bello OS (2015) Dye sequestration using agricultural wastes as adsorbents. Water Res Ind 12:8–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adinarayana K, Ellaiah P (2002) Response surface optimization of the critical medium components for the production of alkaline protease by a newly isolated Bacillus sp. J Pharm Pharm Sci 5:272–278Google Scholar
  4. Ahmad AA, Hameed BH, Ahmad AL (2009) Removal of disperse dye from aqueous solution using waste-derived activated carbon: optimization study. J Hazard Mater 170:612–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmed MJ, Theydan SK (2014) Adsorptive removal of p-nitrophenol on microporous activated carbon by FeCl3 activation: equilibrium and kinetics studies. Desalin Water Treat 670:1–10Google Scholar
  6. Alam Z, Muyibi SA, Toramae J (2007) Statistical optimization of adsorption processes for removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol by activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches. J Environ Sci 19:674–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Al-Ghouti MA, Hawari A, Khraisheh M (2013) A solid-phase extractant based on microemulsion modified date pits for toxic pollutants. J Environ Manag 130:80–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Al-Ghouti MA, Al Disi ZA, Al-Kaabi N, Khraisheh M (2017) Mechanistic insights into the remediation of bromide ions from desalinated water using roasted date pits. Chem Eng J 308:463–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Aljeboree AM, Alshirifi AN, Alkaim AF (2017) Kinetics and equilibrium study for the adsorption of textile dyes on coconut shell activated carbon. Arab J Chem 10:3381–3393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Amor HB, Ismail M (2015) Adsorption of chromium (VI) on activated carbon prepared by acid activation of date stones. Int J Sci Res 4:309–314Google Scholar
  11. Arami M, Limaee NY, Mahmoodi NM, Tabrizi NS (2006) Equilibrium and kinetics studies for the adsorption of direct and acid dyes from aqueous solution by soy meal hull. J Hazard Mater 135:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ardejani K, Doulati N, Badii NM, Yousefi Limaee M, Mahmoodi SZ, Arami AR, Mirhabibi S (2007) Numerical modelling and laboratory studies on the removal adsorption technique for the removal of organic pollutants from water and wastewater of direct red 23 and direct red 80 dyes from textile effluents using orange peel, a low-cost adsorbent. Dyes Pig 73:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ashour SS (2010) Kinetic and equilibrium adsorption of methylene blue and remazol dyes onto steam-activated carbons developed from date pits. J Saudi Chem Soc 14:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Atmani F, Bensmaili A, Mezenner NY (2009) Synthetic textile effluent removal by skin almond waste. J Environ Sci Technol 2:153–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ayhan D (2009) Agricultural based activated carbons for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions: a review. J Hazard Mater 167:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Banat F, Al-Asheh S, Al-Ahmad R, Bni-Khalid F (2007) Bench-scale and packed bed sorption of methylene blue using treated olive pomace and charcoal. Bioresour Technol 98(16):3017–3025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Benaissa H (2010) Influence of ionic strength on methylene blue removal by sorption from synthetic aqueous solution using almond peel as a sorbent material: experimental and modelling studies. J Taibah Univ Sci 4:31–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bhaumik R, Mondal NK (2016) Optimizing adsorption of fluoride from water by modified banana peel dust using response surface modelling approach. Appl Water Sci 6:115–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bohli T, Ouederni A, Fiol N, Villaescusa I (2015) Evaluation of an activated carbon from olive stones used as an adsorbent for heavy metal removal from aqueous phases. C R Chim 18:88–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bouberka Z, Khenifi A, Ait Mahamed H, Haddou B, Belkaid N, Bettahar N, Derriche Z (2009) Adsorption of Supranol Yellow 4 GL from aqueous solution by surfactant-treated aluminum/chromium-intercalated bentonite. J Hazard Mater 162:378–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Brasquet C, Subrenat E, Cloirec P (1997) Selective adsorption on fibrous activated carbon of organics from aqueous solution: correlation between adsorption and molecular structure. Water Sci Technol 35(7):251–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Briones R, Serrano L, Younes RB, Mondragon I, Labidi J (2011) Polyol production by chemical modification of date seeds. Ind Crop Prod 34:1035–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chandane V, Sing VK (2014) Adsorption of safranin dye from aqueous solutions using a low-cost agro-waste material soybean hull. Desalin Water Treat 57(9):4122–4134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Das P, Banerjee P, Mondal S (2015) Mathematical modelling and optimization of synthetic textile dye removal using soil composites as highly competent liner material. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:1318–1328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dubinin MM (1960) The potential theory of adsorption of gases and vapors for adsorbents with energetically non-uniform surface. Chem Rev 60:235–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. El-Naas MH, Al-Zuhair S, Alhaija MA (2010) Removal of phenol from petroleum refinery wastewater through adsorption on date-pit activated carbon. Chem Eng J 162:997–1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Emanuele Lessa F, Gularte MS, Garcia ES, Fajardo AR (2017) Orange waste: a valuable carbohydrate source for the development of beads with enhanced adsorption properties for cationic dyes. Carbohydr Polym 157:660–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Erdem E, Karapinar N, Donat R (2004) The removal of heavy metal cations by natural zeolites. J Colloid Interface Sci 280:309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Farinella NV, Matos GD, Arruda MAZ (2007) Grape bagasse as a potential biosorbent of metals in effluent treatment. Bioresour Technol 98:1940–1946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ferrero F (2007) Dye removal by lowcost adsorbents: hazelnut shells in comparison with wood sawdust. J Colloid Interface Sci 142:144–152Google Scholar
  31. Foo KY, Hameed B (2012) Preparation, characterization and evaluation of adsorptive properties of orange peel based activated carbon via microwave induced K2CO3 activation. Bioresour Technol 104:679–686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Freundlich H (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–471Google Scholar
  33. Garbaa ZN, Rahima AA, Belloc BZ (2015) Optimization of preparation conditions for activated carbon from Brachystegia eurycoma seed hulls: a new precursor using central composite design. J Environ Chem Eng 3:2892–2899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Giles CH, Silva APD, Easton IA (1974) General treatment and classification of the solute adsorption isotherm. Colloid Interface Sci 47:766–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Gnanasambandam R, Protor A (2000) Determination of pectin degree of esterification by diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Food Chem 68:327–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gopal M, Pakshirajan K, Swaminathan T (2002) Heavy metal removal by biosorption using Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 102:227–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Guibaud G, Tixier N, Bouju A, Baudu M (2003) Relationship between extracellular polymer’s composition and its ability to complex Cd, Cu and Ni. Chemosphere 52:1701–1710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Halsey GD (1952) The role of surface heterogeneity. Adv Catal 4:259–269Google Scholar
  39. Hasany SM, Chaudhary MH (1996) Sorption potential of hare rivers and for the removal of antimony from acidic aqueous solution. Appl Rad Isot 47:467–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hashem A, Akasha RA, Ghith A, Hussein DA (2007) Adsorbent based on agricultural wastes for heavy metal and dye removal: a review. Energy Educ Sci Technol 19:69–86Google Scholar
  41. Hema M, Arivoli S (2007) Comparative study on the adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of dyes onto acid activated low cost carbon. Int J Phys Sci 2:10–17Google Scholar
  42. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34(5):451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ibrahim MB, Sani S (2014) Comparative isotherms studies on adsorptive removal of Congo red from wastewater by watermelon rinds and neem-tree leaves. Open J Phys Chem 4:139–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ibrahim S, Fatimah I, Ang HM, Wang S (2010) Adsorption of anionic dyes in aqueous solution using chemically modified barley straw. Water Sci Technol 62:1177–1182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Interprofessional grouping of fruits (2015) Evolution of date production in Tunisia. http://gifruitscom/?page_id=2311&lang=fr Accessed 01 Feb 2018
  46. Ip AWM, Barford JP, McKay G (2009) Reactive black dye adsorption/desorption onto different adsorbents: effect of salt, surface chemistry, pore size and surface area. J Colloid Interface Sci 337:32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Iqbal M, Schiewer S, Cameron R (2009) Mechanistic elucidation and evaluation of biosorption of metal ions by grapefruit peel using FTIR spectroscopy, kinetics and isotherms modeling, cations displacement and EDX analysis. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 84(10):1516–1526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kesraoui A, Selmi T, Seffen M, Brouers F (2017) Influence of alternating current on the adsorption of indigo carmine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:9940–9950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Kilislioglu A, Bilgin B (2003) Thermodynamic and kinetic investigation of uranium adsorption on amberlite IR–118H resin. App Radiat Isot 50:155–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Körbahti BK, Rauf MA (2008) Application of response surface analysis to the photolytic degradation of basic red 2 dye. Chem Eng J 138(1–3):166–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lagergren SK (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Sven Vetenskapsakad Handingarl 24:1–39Google Scholar
  52. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Lee J, Ye L, Landen WO, Eitenmiller RR (2000) Optimization of an extraction procedure for the quantification of vitamin E in tomato and broccoli using response surface methodology. J Food Compos Anal 13:45–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Limousy L, Ghouma I, Ouederni A, Jeguirim M (2017) Amoxicillin removal from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared by chemical activation of olive stone. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:9993–100004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lodeiro P, Barriada JL, Herrero R, Sastre de Vicente ME (2006) The marine macroalga Cystoseira baccata as biosorbent for cadmium(II) and lead(II) removal: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Environ Pollut 142:264–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Madrakian T, Haryani R, Ahmadi M, Afkhami A (2015) Spectrofluorometric determination of venlafaxine in biological samples after selective extraction on the superparamagnetic surface molecularly imprinted nanoparticles. Anal Methods 7(2):428–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Mane V, Mall ID, Srivastava VC (2007) Kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies for the adsorptive removal of brilliant green dye from aqueous solution by rice husk ash. J Environ Manag 84:390–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Miraboutalebi SM, Nikouzad S, Peydayesh M, Allahgholi N, Vafajoo L, McKay G (2017) Methylene blue adsorption via maize silk powder: kinetic, equilibrium, thermodynamic studies and residual error analysis. Process Saf Environ Prot 106:191–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Miyah Y, Lahrichi A, Idrissi M, Anis K, Kachkoul R, Idrissi N, Lairini S, Nenov V, Zerrouq F (2017) Removal of cationic dye “crystal violet”in aqueous solution by the local clay. J Mater Environ Sci 8(10):3570–3582Google Scholar
  60. Mohamed M, Ouki S (2011) Removal mechanisms of toluene from aqueous solutions by chitin and chitosan. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:9557–9563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Mahmoudi K, Hosni K, Hamdi N, Srasra E (2015) Kinetics and equilibrium studies on removal of methylene blue and methyl orange by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from date pits-A comparative study. Korean J Chem Eng 32(2):274–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Mohanty K, Naidu JT, Meikap BC, Biswas MN (2006) Removal of crystal violet from wastewater by activated carbons prepared from rice husk. Ind Eng Chem Res 45(14):5165–5171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Muruganaadham M, Swaminathan M (2004) Solar photocatalytic degradation of a reactive azo dye in TiO2-suspension. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 81:439–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Muthanna JA (2016) Preparation of activated carbons from date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) palm stones and application for wastewater treatments: review. Process Saf Environ Prot 102:168–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Myers RH, Montgomery DC (2001) Montgomery response surface methodology. Wiley, 2nd ednGoogle Scholar
  66. Pandey KK, Pitman AJ (2003) FTIR studies of the changes in wood chemistry following decay by brown-rot and white-rot fungi. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 5:151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Ramteke LP, Gogate PR (2016) Removal of copper and hexavalent chromium using immobilized modified sludge biomass based adsorbent. Clean Soil Air Water 44:1051–1065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Raval NP, Shah PU, Shah NK (2016) Adsorptive amputation of hazardous azo dye Congo red from wastewater: a critical review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:14810–14853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Ravikumar K, Pakshirajan K, Swaminathan T, Balu K (2005) Optimization of batch process parameters using response surface methodology for dye removal by a novel adsorbent. Chem Eng J 105:131–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Rozumová L, Životský O, Seidlerová J, Motyka O, Šafařík I, Šafaříková M (2016) Magnetically modified peanut husks as an effective sorbent of heavy metals. J Environ Chem Eng 4:549–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Saeed A, Sharif M, Iqbal M (2010) Application potential of grapefruit peel as dye sorbent: kinetics, equilibrium and mechanism of crystal violet adsorption. J Hazard Mater 179:564–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Saleh TA (2015) Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies on Hg(II) adsorption from aqueous solution by silica- multiwall carbon nanotubes. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:16721–16731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Samaka IS (2014) Removal of basic red 2 from industrial effluents using natural Iraqi material. Civil Environ Res 6:138–148Google Scholar
  74. Samarghandi M, Hadi M, Moayedi S, Barjasteh Askari F (2009) Two-parameter isotherms of methyl orange sorption by pinecine derived activated carbon. Iranian J Environ Health Sci Eng 6:285–294Google Scholar
  75. Sampranpiboon P, Charnkeitkong P, Feng X (2014) Equilibrium isotherm models for adsorption of zinc (II) ion from aqueous solution on pulp waste. WSEAS Trans Environ Dev 10:35–47Google Scholar
  76. Santhi T, Manonmani S, Smitha T (2010) Kinetics and isotherm studies on cationic dyes adsorption onto annonasqumosa seed activated carbon. Int J Eng Sci 2:287–295Google Scholar
  77. Shahbeig H, Bagheri N, Ali Ghorbanian S, Hallajisani A (2013) A new adsorption isotherm model of aqueous solutions on granular activated carbon. World J Modell Simul 9:243–254Google Scholar
  78. Singh KP, Singh A, Singh U, Verma P (2012a) Optimizing removal of ibuprofen from water by magnetic nanocomposite using Box-Behnken design. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19:724–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Singh KP, Rai P, Pandey P, Sinha S (2012b) Modeling and optimization of trihalomethanes formation potential of surface water (a drinking water source) using Box-Behnken design. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 19:113–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Solanki AB, Parikh J, Parikh RH (2007) Formulation and optimization of piroxicam proniosomes by 3-factor, 3-level Box–Behnken design. AAPS PharmSciTech 8:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Subramani SE, Thinakaran N (2017) Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption behavior of textile dyes onto chitosan. Process Saf Environ Prot 106:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Subramaniam R, Ponnusamy SK (2015) Novel adsorbent from agricultural waste (cashew NUT shell) for methylene blue dye removal: optimization by response surface methodology. Water Res Ind 11:64–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Tempkin M, Pyzhev V (1940) Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalyst. Acta Physiochim 12:327–356Google Scholar
  84. Vijayaraghavan K, Padmesh TVN, Palanivelu K, Velan M (2006) Biosorption of nickel(II) ions onto Sargassum wightii: application of twoparameter and three- parameter isotherm models. J Hazard Mater 133:304–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Wang L (2013) Removal of disperse red dye by bamboo-based activated carbon: optimisation, kinetics and equilibrium. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:4635–4646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Weber W, Morris J (1963) Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J Sani Eng 89:31–60Google Scholar
  87. Webi TW, Chakravort RK (1974) Pore and solid diffusion models for fixed-bed adsorbers. AICHE J 20:228–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Yetilmezsoy K, Saral A (2007) Stochastic modeling approaches based on neural network and linear–nonlinear regression techniques for the determination of single droplet collection efficiency of countercurrent spray towers. Environ Model Assess 12:13–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Zhu M, Yao J, Wang W, Yin XQ, Chen W, Wu X (2016) Using response surface methodology to evaluate electrocoagulation in the pretreatment of produced water from polymer-flooding well of Dagang Oilfield with bipolar aluminum electrodes. Desalin Water Treat 57:15314–15325CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Environmental Science and TechnologiesHammam-LifTunisia

Personalised recommendations