Techno-economic and environmental assessment of biogas production from banana peel (Musa paradisiaca) in a biorefinery concept
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Two scenarios for the biogas production using Banana Peel as raw material were evaluated. The first scenario involves the stand-alone production of biogas and the second scenario includes the biogas production together with other products under biorefinery concept. In both scenarios, the influence of the production scale on the process economy was assessed and feasibility limits were defined. For this purpose, the mass and energy balances were established using the software Aspen Plus along with kinetic models reported in the literature. The economic and environmental analysis of the process was performed considering Colombian economic conditions. As a result, it was found that different process scales showed great potential for biogas production. Thus, plants with greater capacity have a greater economic benefit than those with lower capacity. However, this benefit leads to high-energy consumption and greater environmental impact.
KeywordsBiogas Biorefinery Economic assessment Environmental impact
The authors express their acknowledgments to the project “Development of modular small-scale integrated biorefineries to produce an optimal range of bioproducts from a variety of rural agricultural and agroindustrial residues/wastes with a minimum consumptions of fossile energy - SMIBIO” [Grant number HERMES 30928] from ERANET LAC 2015.
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